Personality Psychology. Chapter 9 Traits and Trait Taxonomies. Dispositional Perspective. People display continuity or consistency across their own actions, thoughts, and feelings People differ from one another in many profound ways Major theory under this perspective Type and Trait Theory.
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Traits and Trait Taxonomies
… is a way to describe/predict but it is NOT a theory of development
Step 1: Choose your method
Lexical Approach: Collecting words and synonyms of traits
Statistical (Empirical) Approach: Use factor analysis
Theoretical Approach: Borrowing theories, especially from ancient scholars, and determining traits from these theories
Emotionally Stable Emotionally Unstable
Introvert |Phlegmatic (calm): Melancholic (depressed)
| passive, careful, controlled quiet, submissive, anxious,
Extravert | Sanguine (optimistic) Choleric (irritable)
| sociable, outgoing, active, impulsive,
| lively, carefree excitable, aggressive
Cattell and Eysenck?