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The Byzantine Empire. The Byzantine Empire. Put your movie review on your desk In your notes, write down what you already know about the Byzantine Empire (you already know quite a bit!) Think: Where was it located? How did it start? What were some of its cultural characteristics?.

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the byzantine empire1
The Byzantine Empire

Put your movie review on your desk

In your notes, write down what you already know about the Byzantine Empire (you already know quite a bit!)

Think:

  • Where was it located?
  • How did it start?
  • What were some of its cultural characteristics?
beginnings of byzantium
Beginnings of Byzantium
  • 321AD-337AD - Constantine ruled the Roman Empire

- Legalized the practice of Christianity

- Moved capital from RomeByzantium/ Constantinople

  • 395AD – Rome was divided into the East and West
  • 476AD – Roman Empire “fell”
  • The Byzantine Empire replaced Rome in the East and flourished for 1000 years
  • Carried on Roman cultural traditions, with a Christian flavor, and speaking Greek instead of Latin
rise of justinian i 482 565
Rise of Justinian I (482-565)
  • Well educated, prominent official and consul of Emperor Justin I
  • 525 – Married his mistress, Theodora
  • 527 – Named emperor of the East
  • 533 – Sent Belisarius to conquer North Africa from Germanic tribes
  • 535 – Belisarius attacked Rome, seized it from Ostrogoths after 16 years of fighting
  • Later conquered almost all of the Italian peninsula and parts of Spain
the empress theodora
The Empress Theodora
  • Read the biography of Theodora
  • Discuss the following questions in pairs in your letter groups (1s and 3s, 2s and 4s)
    • What was unconventional about Theodora’s childhood and young adulthood?
    • Why was Justinian’s marriage to Theodora considered taboo?
    • How did Theodora influence her husband’s rule?
    • Today Theodora is considered an “early pioneer of women’s liberation.” Why does her life story warrant this feminist title?
the justinian code
The Justinian Code
  • Panel of legal experts combed through centuries of Roman law to create the Justinian Code of Law
  • Lasted 900 years
  • The Code consisted of 4 parts:
      • Code: 5000 Roman laws deemed useful for Byzantium
      • Digest: Quoted and summarized opinions of Rome’s legal experts
      • Institutes: Textbook that told students how to use the laws
      • Novellae: New laws passed after 534

The Code regulated: slavery, marriage, property, women’s rights, and criminal justice

the justinian code and women s rights
The Justinian Code and Women’s Rights

Each group has a set of laws from the Justinian Code related to women’s rights - pertaining to marriage, divorce, adultery, prostitution, rape, incest, or inheritance

On a separate piece of paper, do the following for each law:

  • Summarize the law in your own words
  • How does this law impact the status of women?

Think: Does it give women more or less freedom? Does it increase or decrease women’s safety? Does it increase or decrease equality between men and women?

Explain your reasoning in at least 2 complete sentences

vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Freedman/freedwoman: someone who has been freed from slavery
  • Dowry: property or money brought by a bride to her husband upon marriage
  • Sepulcher:a small room or monument built of stone, in which a dead person is laid or buried
  • Dotal: of or relating to a woman’s marriage dowry
  • Betrothed: engaged to be married