http://www.acs.ucalgary.ca/~elsegal/TalmudMap/Gemara.html http://www.acs.ucalgary.ca/~elsegal/TalmudPage.html. Tannaim. “Repeaters” of Torah + tradition. Collected in Mishnah. http://www.acs.ucalgary.ca/~elsegal/TalmudMap/Mishnah.html. MISHNAH: continued to attract commentaries:
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MISHNAH: continued to attract commentaries:
Now traditional to print the MISHNAH along with respected commentaries made in Middle Ages.
R. Eliezer, “From when the priests enter to eat offerings, until end of first watch”
Sages, “Until Midnight”
R. Gamaliel, “Until dawn”
Gamaliel, “If it is not dawn yet, you must
recite Shema, even if Sages say you have
only until Midnight.”
Majority position: since Shema-time is about the time people go to bed and wake up.
Very simple answer, but it needs to be said.
Mishnah not final word
more questions raised than answered
Famous discussions remembered
“R. So-&-so would have said…”
of the Amoraim
Discussions stemming from Mishnah.
On handout diagram, A & B sections are the Talmud properSurrounding sections are later additions by medieval commentators, etc.
More than ½ Mishnah discussed
Each mishnah followed by Gemara
Gemara on short mishnahs can go on for pages…
Tanna stands on scripture: “When you lie down … rise up”
Amora adds: he can also argue from creation: “Evening and morning” (Gen. 1:5)
Evening first in 1.1.
Morning first in 1.4.
Amora in Gemara first proved 1.1 based on Torah, now 1.4 disregards the principle!