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PREASSESSMENT:. OPENING THE DOOR TO CURRICULUM DIFFERENTIATION. Jeanne H. Purcell, Ph.D Connecticut State Department of Education [email protected] .us 860 713-6745. Preassessment: A Definition.

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PREASSESSMENT:

OPENING THE DOOR TO

CURRICULUM DIFFERENTIATION

Jeanne H. Purcell, Ph.D

Connecticut State Department of Education

[email protected] .us

860 713-6745


Preassessment a definition
Preassessment: A Definition

  • Preassessment is an instructional strategy teachers use to uncover what students know about a curriculum unit before they begin formal instruction.


The decision making process
THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS

  • CONTENT

  • INTRODUCTION

  • INITIAL INSTRUCTION

  • PREASSESSMENT

  • DIAGNOSIS

What are the CRITICAL DIFFERENCES in my students?

How can I MODIFY one or more of the 10 curriculum components to address difference?

CHOICE

ALTERNATIVES

Adjusting the Breadth

TIERING

Adjusting the Depth

MANAGEMENT OF FLEXIBLE, SMALL GROUPS

POST ASSESSMENT

MEASURE THE IMPACT OF DIFFERENTIATION


The relationship between assessment and curriculum
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ASSESSMENT AND CURRICULUM

STANDARDS

Content Knowledge

PREASSESSMENT

and resulting modifications, if warranted, are based upon critical

differences among students

TEACHING AND LEARNING

ACTIVITIES AND FEEDBACK

ON-GOING & POST ASSESSMENT


Preassessment diagnostic tools
Preassessment: Diagnostic Tools

  • Teacher Observations

  • Learner Profiles

  • K-N-W Charts

  • Journals

  • Parent Letters

  • Lists, Surveys

  • Products

  • Performances

  • Conferences

  • Concept Maps


Preassessment tool a modified k w l
Preassessment Tool: A Modified K-W-L

K

N

W

What the student

ALREADY KNOWS

What the student

NEEDS TO KNOW

What the student

WANTS TO KNOW

-Prior Experiences

-Knowledge

-Skills

-Accomplishments

-Attitudes

-Self-rating of current proficiency with unit objectives

-Interests

-Questions

-Ideas for exploration or investigation


Preassessment tool journals
Preassessment Tool: Journals

-Ask students to describe processes/ examples or provide reflections related to a curriculum objective

Tell me what you know about fractions

What is the purpose of a hero in a story?

-Give the teacher an opportunity for a one-to-one interchange with the student


Preassessment tool parent letter
Preassessment Tool: Parent Letter

  • Informs parents about unit skills, concepts, and types of unit activities;

  • Enlists parents’ help with resources, artifacts, community connections, etc.

  • Asks for parents’ insights into their child’s interests, strengths, and experiences;

  • Informs parents that you will be giving homework assignments intended to be worked on together.


Preassessment tool lists and surveys
Preassessment Tool: Lists and Surveys

  • “Tell me all the words that come to mind when I say “oceanography;”

  • List the attributes of French Impressionistic paintings;

  • Name several types of land masses;

  • Give examples of foods that contain high fats and sugars.


Preassessment tool products
Preassessment Tool: Products

  • Create a bar graph using data from the sports section of the newspaper;

  • Make a landscape drawing with a horizon;

  • Show me your latest science lab report


Preassessment tool performances or conferences
Preassessment Tool: Performances or Conferences

  • Explain how you found this answer;

  • Import a graphic for the newspaper;

  • Create a mobius strip;

  • Use a graphing calculator to determine an equation;

  • Develop a roll of black and white film;

  • Read to me.


Preassessment tool concept map
Preassessment Tool: Concept Map

-Used when teaching concepts and principles;

-Graphic representation of students’ understandings;

-Uses a word bank, web, and links

day

Word Bank

Sun

Hot gas

Space

Heat

Night

Constellation

Day

see in

is a

is in

sun

space

Star

has

see at

heat

makes a

makes

night

constellation

hot gas


Selecting a preassessment tool
Selecting a Preassessment Tool

  • Nature of the content?

  • Nature of the feedback: Individual vs small group vs. whole group

  • Time/Efficiency?


Making sense of preassessment data
Making Sense of Preassessment Data

  • Think like a qualitative researcher: What does all this mean?

  • Sort the data into 1 to 4 groups, based on a common, powerful difference

  • Identify the learning difference: interest, prior knowledge, etc.

  • Decide how to address the difference through differentiated teaching/learning activities.


Attributes for differentiation
Attributes for Differentiation

PRIOR KNOWLEDGE

conceptual

precision

application

AREA OF INTEREST

drawing

painting

sculpting

PREFERRED LEARNING STYLE

small-group

alone with visuals

adult support

PRIOR KNOWLEDGE


Preassessment when
Preassessment: When?

  • At the beginning of the year?

  • At the end of the year

  • At the beginning of each semester

  • At the beginning of a unit?


Preassessment communicating with students and parents

Talking with Students

What is preassessment?

When will we do preassessment?

What will a preassessment look like?

What will it tell me?

Will my score “count?”

Should I tell my Mom and Dad?

What am I supposed to know?

Talking with Parents

What is preassessment?

When is preassessment used?

What does it reveal?

Who sees preassessment data?

How will students’ information be used?

What will happen as a result of preassessment?

Preassessment: Communicating with Students and Parents



Now it s your turn
Now It’s Your Turn…

Identify a curriculum unit. Make sure it is one in which you have witnessed critical differences among students. Select a prassessment and post assessment format, sketch some questions, and develop a rationale for your choices.


Debriefing
Debriefing…

  • What questions arose as you completed the assessments?

  • How did you answer them?

  • What was most interesting to you? Your colleagues?

  • What questions do you still have?

  • What questions might future participants raise?


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