airline views on the proposed gats tourism annex l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 10

- PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 619 Views
  • Uploaded on

AIRLINE VIEWS ON THE PROPOSED GATS TOURISM ANNEX SYMPOSIUM ON TOURISM SERVICES WTO/OMC Geneva, 22-23 February 2001 Richard Smithies Director, Policy Analysis Government & Industry Affairs - IATA AIR TRANSPORT & GATS TODAY Annex on Air Transport Services

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '' - bernad


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
airline views on the proposed gats tourism annex
AIRLINE VIEWS ON THE PROPOSED GATS TOURISM ANNEX

SYMPOSIUM ON TOURISM SERVICES

WTO/OMC

Geneva, 22-23 February 2001

Richard Smithies

Director, Policy Analysis

Government & Industry Affairs - IATA

air transport gats today
AIR TRANSPORT & GATS TODAY
  • Annex on Air Transport Services
    • excludes traffic rights and all services directly related to their operation
    • but covers CRS, Marketing & Selling, Maintenance & Repair of aircraft
    • CTS to review developments & coverage every 5 years
  • Bilateral system of Agreements
    • basis for exclusion
    • States can control liberalisation process
      • maintain principles of reciprocity and fair and equal opportunity to compete
    • offer procedures for handling disputes
industry views on the gats
INDUSTRY VIEWS ON THE GATS
  • GATS is not the vehicle for fundamental reform
  • ICAO is best-qualified international agency
    • to take account of AT particular characteristics
  • Handle air transport on a sectoral basis
  • Review offers opportunity to clarify
    • scope and coverage of services directly related to the operation of air traffic rights
  • Belief that a hybrid system can de developed
    • permit multilateral & bilateral arrangements to co-exist
    • depending on regional preferences and needs
basis for the tourism annex
BASIS FOR THE TOURISM ANNEX
  • Tourism & Travel Related Services(Cat. 9)
    • covers hotels & catering
    • travel agencies & tour operator services
    • tourist guide services
    • other services
  • Tourism Satellite Account system adds
    • air, sea, rail & road passenger transport
    • certain financial services
    • navigational aids
    • tourism information services
why include air transport in a tourism annex
WHY INCLUDE AIR TRANSPORT IN A TOURISM ANNEX?
  • WTO-Tourism & UNCTAD meetings
    • neither body has direct responsibility for air transport
    • only sources for this argument
  • Arguments include:
    • need to focus on tourism sector as a whole
    • anti-competitive practices in network services
    • developing countries at the mercy of abuses of a dominant position
what are the consequences
WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES?
  • Air transport in a Tourism Annex
  • Would destroy Air Transport Annex
    • take out 2 of 3 services covered
  • Split GATS coverage of air transport
    • passenger and freight
    • remove common services
  • Marketing & Selling only service covered
  • Need to re-examine GATS legal framework
airline industry changes
AIRLINE INDUSTRY CHANGES
  • Consequences of liberalisation
    • more competition
    • airline restructuring
  • Changes include:
    • development of hubs,
    • alliances & commercial arrangements
    • revenue management systems
    • evolving distribution systems
    • growing reliance on e-commerce
  • Changes are limited by:
    • airport & airspace congestion
    • environmental considerations
    • foreign ownership restrictions
liberalisation competition law
LIBERALISATION & COMPETITION LAW
  • Competition authorities
    • under liberalisation they assume a more important role
    • airlines comply with relevant competition laws
  • Antitrust immunity / exemptions needed
    • for airlines to agree on standards & interline fares
    • to maintain a coherent multilateral framework
  • Global network of services
    • taken for granted
    • ensures service to every country
dispute settlement
DISPUTE SETTLEMENT
  • GATS Air Transport Annex
    • GATS dispute settlement procedures can only be invoked
      • where commitments have been made
      • when multilateral & bilateral mechanism have been exhausted
  • Bilateral air service agreements
    • contain articles relating to:
      • anti-competitive practices
      • dispute resolution
  • CRS practices - two considerations:
    • existing regulations or codes of conduct
    • some commitments for CRS exist under the GATS
conclusions
CONCLUSIONS
  • A Tourism Annex is an important undertaking
    • include all interested parties in the drafting process
  • If the proposed Tourism Annex is put in place,
    • it should not include any part of air transport
  • IATA supports the review of the GATS Air Transport Annex
    • conducted by the Council for Trade in Services
    • in informed & transparent manner