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Plants, Drawing, and Color:Connecting Science and Art Pat Stellflue, Eagle Bluff Elementary Marie Allen, Eagle Bluff Elementary Tim Gerber, Univer. of WI-La Crosse
Purpose • Connect science and art • Science and art stds
Science Set Up • Science stds • Plant form and function • Getting rid of misconceptions about plants • Munsell® color charts • Garden experiments
Plant form and function • Use of living plants and labeled botanical drawings • Focus on misconceptions about plants (Barmann, et.al. 2003)
Munsell® color charts • Hue – color (5RP) • Value – lightness or darkness (range 2.5–8) • Chroma – intensity of color (range 2-12)
Garden experiments • Fall bulb planting • Ms. Allen’s 4th grade science class • Project funding from 2003 bulb sale
Science classroom visit • Dr. Gerber visits classroom for hands-on activity with 4th grade • Look at underground parts (bulbs and roots) • Section through tulip bulb and onion • Discuss forcing bulbs
Science: WI Science Stds • F.4.1 Discover* how each organism meets its basic needs … • F.4.3 Illustrate* the different ways that organisms grow through life stages … • F.8.1 Understand* the structure and function* of … whole organisms • F.8.2 Show* how organisms have adapted structures to match their functions*, …
Art Set Up • Art stds • Planting bulbs for color • Living plants in the art room • Media & Technique • Color basics – hue, value, chroma
Planting Bulbs for Color & Study • Fall planting – crocus, daffodils, iris along handicap accessible walkway • Spring color for outside art by gazebo • Cut flowers for art & science classrooms
Clay Pot Construction • Tulip bulbs sent home with kids for 12 wk. cold treatment • Clay pot production in 4th grade art class • Planting bulbs • Indoor garden in science class and for drawing in art
Color basics - mixing color • Hue – color (color wheel) • Value – lightness or darkness (mixing with white, grey, or black) • Chroma – intensity of color (increasing amt of white, grey, black mix) • Tint, tone, shade
Media & Technique • Pencil/Ink - line drawings • Watercolor
La Crosse Plein Air Artists Visit • Local artists come to Eagle Bluff Elementary • Linda Steine • Students working with pastel, colored pencil, oil crayon
Plein Air artists & students • Dolores Marusarz – founder of La Crosse Plein Air artists • Students working in Acrylic painting • Donna Gerke • Students sketching before watercolor
Barbara Hart Decker • Mary Thompson • Students working in acrylic paint
Visual Art: WI Stds. • B:…media and design in relation to…the environment… • C:…will design and produce quality original images and objects… • D:…communicate and express ideas using varied media, techniques, and processes. • K:…will make connections among the arts, other disciplines…
Plant Display Set Up in LMC • Art end • Science end • Connection in the middle
LMC Display - Art • Components of a drawing • Shading a line drawing • Value • Adding color • Munsell color system
LMC Display - Science • Forcing tulips • Plant organs • Flower parts • Bulbs • Life cycle of a bulb plant • Examples (next 3 slides)
Daffodil Flower Parts • Anthers of the stamens have pollen. • The ovary will develop into a fruit with seeds.
Dissemination • “The eyes of artists” article, 22 May 2004 issue of La Crosse Tribune, Linda McAlpine • School District of Onalaska teachers • Write manuscript for publication in S&C • Develop Washburn Academy art & science workshop
Assessment • Completion of works of art in 4th & 5th grade and botanical illustrations in 4th grade science • Plant parts test in 4th grade science • Assess water color technique
Conclusions • Better understanding of plants • Expand subjects for art • Modifiable to include curriculum needs in district (adding light component)
Acknowledgements • La Crosse Area Plein Air artists • Stephanie Coorough – Eagle Bluff LMC Director • Rockwood Gardens, Onalaska, WI – bulb fundraiser • WSST foundation and OFFEE grants
References • Munsell® color charts for plant tissues • Lawniczak et al. 2004. Plants on Display. Science & Children 41 (9): 24-29.