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Mission District Parks Study Daniel Frattin May 10, 1999 Daniel Frattin Junior, Urban Studies Program, San Francisco State University; Member, Neighborhood Parks Council;

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mission district parks study

Mission District Parks Study

Daniel Frattin

May 10, 1999

daniel frattin
Daniel Frattin
  • Junior, Urban Studies Program, San Francisco State University;
  • Member, Neighborhood Parks Council;
  • Provide a comprehensive and objective assessment of Mission District recreational facilities and make recommendations for improvement for the Department of Recreation and Park’s ten year plan.
literature review
Bacaicoa, Maria. “Transforming Inner- City Landscapes: Trees, Sense of Safety and Preference.” Environment and Behavior January 1998:28-59.

Gurnon, Emily. “Playground Under Siege.” San Francisco Examiner 5 February 1999: A1+.

Joseph, Janice. “Fear of Crime Among Black Elderly.” Journal ofBlack Studies May 1997: 697-718.

Keane, Carl. “Evaluating the Fear of Crime as an Environmental Mobility Restrictor on Women’s Routine Activities.” Environment andBehavior January 1998: 60-74.

Mitchell, Tom. “Inner Cities Go Green, Reduce Crime.” Nation’s Cities Weekly 19 February 1996: 1+

Project for Public Spaces. http://www.pps.org

San Francisco Planning and Urban Research. http://www.spur.org

San Francisco Department of Recreation and Parks.

National Recreation and Park Association http://www.nrpa.org

Literature Review
research problem
Research Problem
  • Background
    • Declining Conditions/Level of Service in Neighborhood Parks
    • Lack of Long-Term Strategic Planning/Community Input
  • Determine Adequacy of Recreational Facilities
    • Inventory and Service Levels
    • Comparison to other urban neighborhoods.
  • Determine Barriers to the Use of Recreational Facilities
    • Accessibility
    • Effects of criminal activity and poor maintenance on resident perceptions and use of parks.
research objectives and hypotheses
Research Objectives and Hypotheses
  • Research Objectives
    • Assess adequacy of neighborhood parks.
    • Determine characteristics of parks discouraging optimal use.
    • Provide recommendations for improvement to be incorporated into the Department of Recreation and Park’s Ten Year Plan.
  • Research Hypotheses:
    • Existing facilities are adequate to serve the needs of residents, providing barriers to their use are removed.
    • Criminal activity, poor maintenance, and lack of accessibility will be the primary factors discouraging full-utilization, with effects concentrated among women, families with small children, and the elderly.
    • Demand for recreational facilities will be unevenly distributed
research methods
Research Methods
  • Analysis of Existing Data
  • Face-to-Face Interviews
  • Telephone Survey
  • Direct Observation
  • Evaluation Research
analysis of existing data
Analysis of Existing Data
  • Inventory and Condition of Existing Facilities.
  • Determine Levels of Service for each type of facility by target population.
    • Comparison of service levels with other neighborhoods/national guidelines.
  • Crime Statistics.
  • Provide baseline figures to measure adequacy of parks in the Mission.
face to face interviews
Face-to-Face Interviews
  • Interviews with 200 Mission District Residents
    • Sample Selection
      • Multistage Cluster Sampling of 50 addresses from four geographical areas.
      • Random selection of interviewee from selected household.
    • Bilingual Interviewers
    • Open-ended Questions
      • Encourage Residents to Discuss Perceptions of Parks.
    • Identify Additional Resident Concerns and Incorporate in Other Portions of Research.
telephone interviews
Telephone Interviews
  • Telephone Interviews with 1500 Mission District Residents:
    • Random Sample of Telephone Numbers
    • Bilingual Interviewers
    • Close-Ended Questions:
      • Familiarity With Available Recreational Facilities
      • Frequency/Time of Use
      • Factors Discouraging Use:
        • Presence of Criminal Activity During Park Hours
        • Reputation for Criminal Activity After Park Hours
        • Poor Maintenance
        • Overcrowding
        • Poor Accessibility
      • Demographic Questions
    • Open-ended Questions
      • Desired Improvements
      • Methods of Addressing Problems
direct observation
Direct Observation
  • Two Week Observation of Recreation and Park Facilities
    • Conducted by Department of Recreation and Park Staff
    • Summertime Peak Hours:
      • Monday - Saturday: 11:00 a.m.-7 p.m.
  • Record Characteristics of Peak Hour Use
    • Intended Use
    • Excess Demand
    • Criminal Activity
  • Evaluating Intended Use and Excess Demand
  • Effects of Criminal Activity
evaluation research
Evaluation Research
  • A survey of residents’ perceptions/use of parks which have recently had:
    • Capital Improvements made
    • Community Gardens installed
    • Improved Maintenance
    • Increased Police Presence
    • Public Outreach Campaigns
    • Other Improvements
  • Measure Effectiveness of Each Improvement.
    • Criminal Activity
    • Levels of Use
    • Resident Satisfaction
  • Basis of recommendations to Department of Recreation and Parks.