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NDIA-AIAA Interoperability and Systems Integration Conference Joint Battle Management, Command & Control (JBMC2) Overvie PowerPoint Presentation
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NDIA-AIAA Interoperability and Systems Integration Conference Joint Battle Management, Command & Control (JBMC2) Overview. Brig Gen Marc “Buck”Rogers USJFCOM, J8. TEAMWORK - The KEY to US Military Capability. One thing about the DOD-Industry Team…

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slide1
NDIA-AIAAInteroperability and Systems Integration ConferenceJoint Battle Management, Command & Control (JBMC2) Overview

Brig Gen Marc “Buck”Rogers

USJFCOM, J8

UNCLASSIFIED

slide2

TEAMWORK -The KEY to US Military Capability

  • One thing about the DOD-Industry Team…
    • Somebody is always ready to support your efforts with a pat on the back…

…And the best intentions may not produce desired results…

UNCLASSIFIED

the truth about transformation
The Truth About Transformation
  • Been happening – and is happening
    • Acceleration is the difference
  • Doesn’t happen with the flip of a switch
  • More about minds than things & technology
  • Coherent roadmap to the future is key to transforming the force
    • Must be orderly…
    • Yet accommodate disrupting advances…
  • Must organize for it, lead it, and sustain it

UNCLASSIFIED

slide4

JBMC2 Responsibilities

  • Management Initiative Decision (MID 912)
  • Expands USJFCOM responsibility for:
    • Leading Combatant Commanders in development of joint doctrine, concepts, mission/capability requirements for Joint BMC2
    • Strengthening Department’s fielding of Joint Battle Management Command & Control (JBMC2) capabilities
    • Coordinating JBMC2 capabilities for Joint integration & interoperability with the Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC)
    • Oversight & directive authorities for selected DoD programs & initiatives

UNCLASSIFIED

slide5

MID912 Authorities vs C2 FCB

A set of responsibilities and authorities

A capability & requirements mechanism

JROC

SECDEF

MID 912

JCIDS

JCB

(COCOMS/SERVICES /AGENCIES)

Commander

USJFCOM

C2 FCB

Gap and Solution analysis

JBMC2

BOD

GATEKEEPER

JBMC2 Shortfall Prioritization;

DOTMLPF Solutions (Service Lead Decisions; Programmatic issues etc); ACTD applicability

and prioritization; JBMC2 Concepts; Experimentation; Integrated Architectures; JBMC2 Roadmaps; JBMC2 Prototyping; JCIDS Documents

Initial Capability Documents (ICD)

Capability Development Documents (CDD)

Capability Production Documents (CPD)

UNCLASSIFIED

slide6

Joint Command and Control

People and Processes

Communication Capabilities

Enables

Joint

Planning

Deciding

Coordinating

Directing

Assessing

ALL are too slow and inefficient

Service elements today can deploy, employ, create effects quicker than Joint Force Commander can “command and control” them!

UNCLASSIFIED

slide7

Joint Command and Control Issues

  • The need for JTF Readiness
    • Combat Units Train the Way They will Fight
      • They are ready
    • JTF HQ’s rarely train the Way They Will Fight
    • Service HQ’s challenged to sustain readiness
  • Shortfalls in decision-making, execution and assessment throughout the battlespace
  • Technology is available now to enable more rapid, effective planning, decision-making and execution
    • Collaborative environment drives both C2 processes and organizational changes
    • Net-centric OPS require a new level of proficiency
    • But, increases HQ personnelreadiness requirement

UNCLASSIFIED

slide8

Problem Set

  • Failure to view C2 as an integrated weapon system
  • Interoperability shortfalls hamper C2 and Joint Fires
  • Lack of standard operating procedures (SOPs)
  • Lack of standard tactics, techniques, & procedures (TTPs)
  • Ad Hoc JTF activation and augmentation
  • No standards for JTF leadership or C2 personnel
  • No standard deployable JTF C2 facilities
  • Situation awareness shortfall across battlespace
  • Missing decision support & info management tools

Requires improvements in Joint Battle Management Command and Control (JBMC2) – (What IS That…?)

(From: JTF C2 Operational Concept Study)

UNCLASSIFIED

joint battle management command and control jbmc2 definition
Joint Battle Management Command and Control (JBMC2) Definition

JBMC2 consists of the processes, architectures, systems, standards, and command and control operational concepts employed by the Joint Force Commander. The Joint Force Commander executes joint operations by employing joint and component BMC2 capabilities during the planning, coordinating, directing, controlling, and assessing of joint force operations from interface with the strategic level through the tactical level.

Unifying construct -- Allows us to approach C2 from an integrated “weapon system” perspective

UNCLASSIFIED

vision for jbmc2 capabilities
Vision for JBMC2 Capabilities
  • JBMC2 aims at providing an integrated, interoperable, and networked joint force that will:
    • Ensure common shared situational awareness
    • Provide fused, precise and actionable intelligence
    • Support coherent distributed and dispersed operations, including forced entry into anti-access or area-denial environments
    • Ensure decision superiority enabling more agile, more lethal, and survivable joint operations

UNCLASSIFIED

jbmc2 components
JBMC2 Components

Joint

C2

Joint

ISR

Coalition

Joint

Fires

Interagency

Joint Battle Management Command and Control spans the continuum of Joint C2, Joint Intelligence (ISR), Joint Fires, Interagency, and Coalition

Fundamental Battlespace Process = The Kill Chain

UNCLASSIFIED

slide12

Command and Control Landscape

National

C2

GIG

National

STRATEGIC

C4ISR SUPPORT

Combatant

Commanders

Strategic

Command &

Control for

Joint

Warfighting

STRATCOM C2 for Strategic Missions

JBMC2

ARENA

Unified Command Structure

Operational

Tactical

JOINT

C2

UNCLASSIFIED

common capability requirements drive jbmc2 focus
Common Capability Requirements Drive JBMC2 Focus
  • For any crisis, all Combatant Commanders must:
    • Execute command and control functions
    • Plan and execute using the same forces provided
    • Coordinate with the same national agencies
    • Rely on the same ISR forces/sources/agencies
    • Receive guidance from same national authorities
    • Perform crisis action planning
    • Perform assessment functions
    • Execute force deployment/redeployment
    • Employ the same national strategic capabilities
    • Execute Information Operations
    • Employ same SOF forces / “special” capabilities
    • Coordinate with / employ multinational forces
    • Rely on same supporting commands
    • Be ready to execute Joint C2 (Train)

UNCLASSIFIED

slide14

New level of Interdependence & Mutual Dependence

  • Speed of Command – but only if we adapt
    • Organize, Train & Equip – vert & horiz
  • Quality of decisions – the importance of:
    • Shared Awareness
    • Large scale vert & horiz collaboration
    • Linking sensors to decision makers
  • Tactics, Techniques & Procedures - important as ever
  • Both a Capability and an Operational Concept
    • Means to an end – Effects Based C2
  • Knowledge Management will be key

Implications of Net-Centric Warfare

UNCLASSIFIED

slide15

Challenges

  • Exploiting new ways of doing business enabled by technical capabilities
    • We tend to adapt new technologies to old ways of doing business – inability to see
  • The science of decision-making
    • Peaking decision-making via info superiority
  • Linking activities in an Information Age Environment
    • The Virtual and the Live
  • A coherent roadmap for transforming the force
    • Migration & integration of legacy & net-centric
    • Ensuring capability as we transform
  • Training
    • Still the key to dominance in an IT “equalized” world

UNCLASSIFIED

slide16

War in 2010:

1.5 trillion wpm

Wideband Datalinks

We cantransmitthe entire

Gulf War:

192,000 wpm

Networked

Computers

Library ofCongresseachminute

Vietnam:

100 wpm

SATCOM

World War II:

60 wpm

Radio

JBMC2 Must EmbraceKnowledge Management Concept!

Data Overload meansInformation Camouflaged

World War I:

30 wpm

Field Phone

wpm - words per minute

UNCLASSIFIED

slide17

JBMC2 : What We Have to Do

  • Enable decision-making throughout the battlespace
    • (It’s a thing human beings do…)
    • (Decision aids do not make judgments)
  • Advance Effects Based Operations (EBO)
    • Deter/defeat wide range of adversaries
  • Master Knowledge Management
  • Exploit new ways of doing business enabled by technical capabilities
    • GIG provides options for JBMC2 – must exploit
    • Strike balance of net-enabled & autonomous capabilities
  • Accelerate interoperability efforts

“Objects In Mirror May Be Closer Than They Appear”

UNCLASSIFIED

slide18

Near Term Operational Arena

  • Operational Net Assessment (ONA)
  • Joint Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (JISR)
  • Decision Superiority

Knowledge

Centric

  • Effects-Based Operations (EBO)
  • Information Operations (IO)
  • Force Projection
  • Joint Tactical Actions (JTA)

Thinking

Differently

Coherently

Joint

Effects

Based

Fully

Networked

  • Standing Joint Force Headquarters (SJFHQ)
  • Joint Interagency Coordination Group (JIACG)
  • Collaborative Information Environment (CIE)

Legacy C2 will not meet this challenge

Commanders are moving out – building CIEs, altering C2 CONOPs, writing SOPs – attempting to solve shortfalls and already employing some concepts

UNCLASSIFIED

transformation leaders in jbmc2
Transformation Leaders in JBMC2
  • Standing Joint Force Headquarters
  • Collaborative Information Environments
  • Deployable Joint Command and Control
  • Netted Joint Forces
  • Integrated Joint Fires
  • Joint National Training Capability (JNTC)
  • Advanced Concepts
    • Effects Based Operations (EBO),
    • Operational Net Assessment (ONA)
    • Etc.

UNCLASSIFIED

jbmc2 value added
JBMC2 Value Added
  • More efficient and effective application of military power through a unified and interoperable command and control structure.
  • More info…To more users…In less time…at all levels
  • Better planning, situational awareness and decisions
  • Better info sharing with coalition partners (MNIS)…
  • Improved TST (joint fires)……more accurate BDA…..
  • Improved employment of capabilities… to deliver appropriate force on the right targets, at will, the first time, every time, and reduce fratricide … at all levels

UNCLASSIFIED

summary
SUMMARY
  • Humans and their processes are still the driving factors in warfighting capability
  • Key to Interoperability of Forces is C2
  • Net-Centric C2 Net-Centric Warfare
  • Coherent Roadmap to the Future is Key to Transforming the Force

UNCLASSIFIED

slide23

Command and Control Shortfalls

(Legacy)

People and Processes

Communication Capabilities

  • Ad hoc Joint Task Force HQ establishment
  • Lack of readiness - untrained HQ personnel
    • Individual
    • Collective – JFC/JTF/CTF/CC HQ staff level
  • Takes too long to stand up
  • Takes too long to organize
  • Nonstandard or nonexistent procedures
  • Too long to “gel” as a team
  • Too long to learn to use equip, software tools, rules, how a headquarters works
  • Too long to gain situational awareness
  • Lack of expertise in joint force planning
  • Too long to begin planning, produce COAs
  • Lack of doctrinal expertise / skills employing warfighting concepts in operations
  • Insufficient joint/multinational interoperability

Non-standard tools

Incoherent architectures

Legacy technology mixed with new

Modern C4I too complex to employ on “walk-in” basis

Lack of decision tools for Info Age

Varying standards

Incompatibility

Information stovepipes

Lack of ‘business rules”

Lack of database visibility

Non-responsive environment

Limited horiz & vert integration

(From Regional Combatant Command Survey)

UNCLASSIFIED

jbmc2 programs concepts initiatives portfolio

JBMC2

JBMC2 Programs, Concepts & Initiatives Portfolio

C2

ISR

Joint Fires

Interagency

Coalition

DJC2

SIAP SE

SIGP/SIMP

PE/TST

CIE

ONA

JISR/BISR

FIOP Systems Engineering Coordination

JFI

JIACG

DCTS

GCCS/JC2

GCSS

DCGS

GIG ES

Programs/Initiatives directed by MID 912

Programs/Initiatives currently being developed by USJFCOM

Programs/Initiatives proposed for expansion by MID 912

Programs/Initiatives recommended for inclusion as JBMC2 programs

UNCLASSIFIED

slide25

Achieving Future Joint Force Integration

  • Continuously work with Combatant Commanders, Services, and Agencies to identify joint interoperability requirements and standards
  • Enforce interoperability through validation of DoD requirements documents for information exchange requirements and interoperability key performance parameters consistent with approved Joint Requirements Oversight Council joint operational concepts and integrated architectures

UNCLASSIFIED

slide26

Addressing Legacy Joint Force Interoperability and Integration

  • UCP 2002 & DoD Directive 4630.5 &.8 established USJFCOM Joint Interoperability & Integration (JI&I)
  • Identify and prioritize Combatant Commanders warfighting shortfalls from operational to tactical level
  • Develop comprehensive Doctrinal, Organizational, Training, Materiel, Leadership, Personnel and Facilities (DOTMLPF) mission capability strategies
  • Provide rapid fielding of mission capable solutions via transition funds - bridge Service, Agency Program Objective Memorandum cycles

UNCLASSIFIED

slide27

JCIDS

FCBs

Commander

JFCOM

Joint Capabilities Development Process

Inputs

COCOM Capabilities Rqmts

outcomes

Lessons Learned

Real World Operations

Capabilities Gap

Joint Training & Exercises

Feedback

Warfighter Shortfalls

Experimentation

New Concepts

(e.g. EBO, ONA)

findings

Priorities

  • S & T
  • Acquisition
  • Experimentation
  • PPBS

Future

Req’ts

(TCPs)

Battlespace awareness

Analysis

&

Requirements

Development

Integration

&

Packaging

Force application

Policy, guidance

& transformational

issues

  • - TPG, DPG
  • JCS
  • - Services
  • - Allied Cmd Trans
  • - COCOMs
  • - Transformation
  • Roadmap Owners

Command & control

Protection

JFCOM Orgs

- JI&I

- Trainer

- CD&E

- JBC

- etc.

Services

Coalition

Analysis

Classification,

Correlation,

&

Requirements

Development

Logistics

  • - Near Term
  • Capabilities for
  • COCOMs
  • Limited Objective
  • Experiments
  • Joint Training
  • Initiatives

Direct

Action

Policy, guidance &

Transformational issues

Feedback

UNCLASSIFIED

slide28

JCIDS

FCBs

Commander

JFCOM

PDITs

?

Joint Capabilities Development Process

Inputs

COCOM Capabilities Rqmts

outcomes

Lessons Learned

Real World Operations

Capabilities Gap

Joint Training & Exercises

Feedback

Warfighter Shortfalls

Experimentation

New Concepts

(e.g. EBO, ONA)

findings

Priorities

  • S & T
  • Acquisition
  • Experimentation
  • PPBS

Future

Req’ts

(TCPs)

Battlespace awareness

Analysis

&

Requirements

Development

Integration

&

Packaging

Force application

Policy, guidance

& transformational

issues

  • - TPG, DPG
  • JCS
  • - Services
  • - Allied Cmd Trans
  • - COCOMs
  • - Transformation
  • Roadmap Owners

J8

Command & control

J8

Protection

JFCOM Orgs

- JI&I

- Trainer

- CD&E

- JBC

- etc.

Services

Coalition

Analysis

Classification,

Correlation,

&

Requirements

Development

Logistics

  • - Near Term
  • Capabilities for
  • COCOMs
  • Limited Objective
  • Experiments
  • Joint Training
  • Initiatives

Direct

Action

Policy, guidance &

Transformational issues

PDITs

Feedback

UNCLASSIFIED

slide29

JBMC2 Mandate

Secretary of Defense directed expanded responsibilities for USJFCOM to improve the Department of Defense ability to field Joint Battle Management Command and Control capabilities (MID 912)

“Strengthens the Department’s fielding of Joint Battle Management Command and Control capabilities by improving the Department’s ability to organize, train, and equip joint forces.”

UNCLASSIFIED

slide30

“Transformational” Vocabulary

Effects Based Operations (EBO) - A process for obtaining a desired strategic outcome or "effect" on the enemy, through the synergistic, multiplicative, and cumulative application of the full range of military and nonmilitary capabilities at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels.

UNCLASSIFIED

slide31

“Transformational” Vocabulary

Standing Joint Force Headquarters (SJFHQ) - Intended to provide each warfighting joint theater Commander with a trained and equipped standing, Joint Command and Control (C2) capability specifically organized to reduce the lag time involved in setting up a JTF headquarters ready to rapidly and decisively conduct operations in small-scale contingencies.

  • Weapon(s) system - A combination of one or more weapons with all related equipment, materials, services, personnel, and means of delivery and deployment (if applicable) required for self-sufficiency.

UNCLASSIFIED