MINE AWARENESS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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MINE AWARENESS

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  1. MINE AWARENESS INSTRUCTOR

  2. PURPOSE To increase individual soldier understanding of the mine and unexploded ordnance (UXO) threat in the former Republic of Yugoslavia and develop countermine skills in order to protect the force while conducting all operations during operation Joint Endeavor.

  3. TRAINING OBJECTIVES“WHAT YOU WANT TO WALK AWAY WITH” • STEPS TO TAKE WHEN YOU ENCOUNTER A MINE OR UXO • KNOW THE INDICATORS OF MINES AND BOOBYTRAPS • KNOW THE V CORPS CONVOY MINE STRIKE DRILL

  4. CONTROLS HAZARD RISK MANAGEMENT & REDUCTION HAZARD IDENTIFICATION: -1 MILLION MINES RISK MANAGEMENT & REDUCTION: EXTREMELY HIGH • STAY ON APPROVED ROUTES • STOP, AVOID, REPORT, MARK • SITUATIONAL AWARENESS • LAND NAVIGATION • DEVELOP MINE SENSE ONE MILLION UNCLEARED MINES

  5. MINE AWARENESS “A SOLDIER WHO IS NOT ENGAGED WITH DIRECT OR INDIRECT FIRE SHOULD NEVER BECOME A CASUALTY” “MINE WARFARE DURING PEACE SUPPORT OPERATIONS”, DISPATCHES, LFC HQ (CDN)

  6. ACTIONS UPON DETECTION • STOP • AVOID • REPORT • MARK • CONTINUE MISSION?

  7. EXAMPLE REPORTING FORMAT GREEN 1 1. DTG OBSTACLE LOCATED 2. UNIT LOCATING OBSTACLE 3. OBSTACLE TYPE 4. GRID LOCATION 5. TRIP WIRES (YES OR NO) 6. ANTI-HANDING DEVICES (YES OR NO) 7. LOCATION OF BYPASS/BREACH 8. MINEFIELD MARKED (YES OR NO) 9. REMARKS

  8. ESTIMATED NUMBER OFUNCLEARED MINES IN THEATRES LOCATIONLANDMINES (MILLIONS) AFGHANISTAN 9 -10 KUWAIT - IRAQ 5 - 7 + 5 -10 ANGOLA 9 SOMALIA 1 - 1.5 RWANDA UNK - EST THOUSANDS MOZAMBIQUE 2 BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA 1 CROATIA 1 CAMBODIA 4-7 STATISTICS FROM US DEPT OF STATE POLITICAL - MILITARY AFFAIRS REPORT (1993) “MINE WARFARE DURING PEACE SUPPORT OPERATIONS”, DISPATCHES, LFC HQ (CDN)

  9. CAUSE MINES & UXO INDIRECT FIRE DIRECT FIRE WOUNDED 131 162 111 KILLED 12 8 18 WAR RELATED CASUALTIESIN IFOR (DEC 1995) “MINE WARFARE DURING PEACE SUPPORT OPERATIONS”, DISPATCHES, LFC HQ (CDN)

  10. MINE TYPES • ANTI-PERSONNEL-DESIGNED TO KILL OR MAIM DISMOUNTED TROOPS • ANTI-TANK- DESIGNED TO DESTROY OR DISABLE TRACK OR WHEELED VEHICLES • CHEMICAL- DESIGNED TO DISPENSE SMOKE, CS OR MORE DANGEROUS BIOLOGICAL OR CHEMICAL AGENTS

  11. FUZE TYPES • PRESSURE • OVER PRESSURE/DELAY • SEISMIC • MAGNETIC • CHEMICAL • TRIP WIRE (PUSH/PULL) • COMMAND DETONATED

  12. MINE REMOVAL US ARMY DOCTRINE ON HANDLING MINES AND UNEXPLODED ORDNANCE: US FORCES SHOULD NOT ATTEMPT TO DISARM OR PHYSICALLY MOVE ENEMY OR UNOBSERVED US MINES. OUR GOAL IS TO DESTROY MINES IN PLACE.

  13. VISUAL DETECTION • SURFACE LAID MINES ARE USUALLY VISIBLE • SIGNS OF ROAD REPAIR (NEW FILL, PAVING, ROAD PATCHES, DITCHING OR CULVERT WORK) • WIRES LEADING AWAY FROM THE ROAD • ODD FEATURES OR PATTERNS • PIECES OR WOOD OR DEBRIS ON ROAD. • SIGNS TREES, POSTS OR STAKES. • DAMAGED VEHICLES OR DEAD ANIMALS.

  14. LIKELY LOCATIONS FORMINES AND BOOBYTRAPS • MOUNTAIN PASSES AND NARROW ROADS WITH NO SHOULDERS OR BYPASSES • OLD CHECK POINTS AND BATTLEFIELDS • ALONG OBSTACLE BYPASSES • OBVIOUS REST AREAS/CLEARINGS ALONG ROADS • ABANDONED BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES • ABANDONED WEAPONS AND TRINKETS ATTRACTIVE TO SOUVENIR HUNTERS

  15. OTHER DETECTION METHODS • LOCAL CIVILIANS MAY KNOW WHERE MINES AND BOOBYTRAPS ARE LOCATED IN THE AO. • LOCAL MILITIA FORCES MAY BE ABLE TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE IN LOCATING TACTICAL MINEFIELDS. • LOCALLY KNOWN MARKING SYSTEMS (ROCK PILES, BROKEN BRANCHES ON TREES, CROSSED STICKS ON ROADS)

  16. MINEFIELD MARKING IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA MINIRANO MNHE MINE MINEFIELD WARNING SIGNS

  17. EXPEDIENT MARKING IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA Three hash marks. This symbol can be painted on, with or without the triangle.

  18. FORMER YUGOSLAVIANMINE EMPLOYMENT MINEFIELD PROTECTING A MUNITIONS DUMP PMR 2 MRUDs 50 cm PMA 2s 1 M MRUD Command Firing Position

  19. Berm Cross Section TMA3 1.5 M 2 M FORMER YUGOSLAVIAN MINE EMPLOYMENT ROAD OBSTACLES Buried TMA3s Blocking Bypass Small Road Berm Across Road with 4 TMA3s. Roadway

  20. FORMER YUGOSLAVIAN MINE EMPLOYMENT RURAL ROADBLOCK BURIED TMA 3s PMR 2s IN SERIES X X X X X X SURFACE LAID TMA 3s FABRICATED DRAGONS TEETH

  21. CMTC LESSONS LEARNED • ATTACH TOW CABLE TO THE BACK OF VEHICLES TO EASE EXTRACTION OF CASUALTIES AND DISABLED VEHICLES • EVERY VEHICLE CARRIES A MINE/UXO MARKING KIT • LEAD CONVOYS WITH A HARDENED OR MINE RESISTANT VEHICLE • TIE DOWN EQUIPMENT IN THE VEHICLE

  22. SMALL UNIT METHODS TO DECREASE VULNERABILITY • CHECK WITH HIGHER TO CONFIRM ROUTE IS CLEARED BEFORE MOVING • AVOID PREDICTABILITY • SAND BAG AND HARDEN SOFT SKIN VEHICLES • KNOW UNIT SOP FOR MINE RECON • MARK AND REPORT!!!

  23. MARKING RULES • CLEARLY VISIBLE FROM ALL DIRECTIONS OF TRAVEL • SEMI-PERMANENT • MARKING TECHNIQUE DOES NOT JEOPARDIZE MARKING CREW • REPORT MARKING TO HIGHER EXPEDIENT MARKING MINES

  24. MINE STRIKE • IF A VEHICLE IN A CONVOY ON A PREVIOUSLY CLEARED ROUTE STRIKES A MINE, ALL OTHER VEHICLES IN THE CONVOY IMMEDIATELY STOP. • MOVING OFF THE ROAD OR TOWARDS THE SHOULDERS (HERRING BONE) COULD EXPOSE MORE VEHICLES TO MINES. • SECURITY IS PROVIDED BY MAINTAINING VEHICLE SPACING AND ALTERNATING VEHICLE MOUNTED WEAPONS. • DISMOUNTED MOVEMENT SHOULD BE RESTRICTED UNTIL A PATH TO THE DISABLED VEHICLE IS CLEARED AND MARKED. • METT-T WILL DICTATE WHEN THE CONVOY CAN CONTINUE MOVEMENT.

  25. V CORPS MINE STRIKE PROCEDURESWITH ENGINEERS IN THE CONVOY • CONVOY CDR HALTS CONVOY AND REPORTS TO HIGHER • NO VEHICLE MOVEMENT OR DISMOUNTING SOLDIERS • 360 DEGREE SECURITY PROVIDED FROM VEHICLES • SENIOR ENGINEER DIRECTS CLEARANCE OPERATIONS THROUGH CONVOY COMMANDER • SWEEP TEAM CLEARS FOOTPATH TO INJURED PERSONNEL; BEGIN FIRST AID • SWEEP TEAM CLEARS AN LZ • LOCATED MINES CLEARLY MARKED • UNIT CLEARS WRECKAGE AND FILLS MINE CRATER • ROAD GUARDS GUIDE VEHICLES AROUND MINES • MINES CLEARED AFTER CONVOY MOVES OUT OF AREA • UNIT CONTINUES MISSION

  26. SELF/UNIT EXTRACTION • FREEZE (STOP ALL MOVEMENT IN AREA) • LEADER REPORTS TO HIGHER AND DESIGNATES PATH TO CLEAR THROUGH MINEFIELD • EXTRACTION ELEMENT PROBES AND MARKS A CLEARED PATH; CHECKS FOR TRIP WIRES AND BURIED MINES; MARKS PATH AND MINES • OTHER ELEMENTS PROBE TO CLEARED PATH • EVACUATE CASUALTIES BY PROBING; DRAG TO PATH AND EVACUATE AS REQUIRED.

  27. MINE AWARENESSTACTICAL HINT REGARDLESS OF THE ARMORED VEHICLE, WHEN THE MINE THREAT IS HIGHER THAN THE DIRECT FIRE THREAT, KEEP YOUR HATCHES “CRACKED” OPEN AN INCH OR TWO. THAT WAY, IF YOU DRIVE OVER A MINE, THE OVERPRESSURE FROM THE EXPLOSION WILL HAVE AN ESCAPE IF THE HULL IS PENETRATED. “MINE WARFARE DURING PEACE SUPPORT OPERATIONS”, DISPATCHES, LFC HQ (CDN)

  28. 20- 40 M Former YugoslavianMine Employment AT (Full Width) Minefields 9-12 M

  29. 20- 40 M 4-5.5 M Former YugoslavianMine Employment AT (Pressure) Minefields

  30. FORMER YUGOSLAVIAN MINE EMPLOYMENT URBAN ROADBLOCK PMR-2s TRIP WIRE CONNECTING MINES TOGETHER FABRICATED DRAGONS TEETH X X X SURFACE LAID TMA 3s

  31. REVIEW Understand the mine threat risk reduction measures. Know the indicators of mines and booby traps. Steps to take when you encounter mines, UXO, or booby traps. Understand expedient marking systems. Be familiar with the V Corps convoy mine strike drill.