“Major” debates in Psychology. NATURE NURTURE. Learning Objectives. To introduce the nature and nurture debate To examine the significance of this debate to Psychological theory. “Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them”
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“Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them”
William Shakespeare, Twelfth night: act II, Scene V
The group on the left are all words which describe ways in which we develop because of the way we are brought up. The words on the right are all used to describe the way behaviour can be inborn or comes from our parents (44 words)
Genetics, biochemistry and physiology
Socialisation, learning and experience.
NATURE vs. NURTURE
…are probably due to a mixture of both
…are definitely a product of nature
…are definitely a product of nurture
PRACTISING PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
Focuses on genetic, physiological, hormonal and neurochemical explanations of behaviour
Focuses on instinctual drives of sex and aggression, expressed within the restrictions imposed by society via the ego and superego
Focuses on innate information processing abilities or schemata that are constantly refined by experience
While accepting basic psychological needs, the focus is upon the person’s experience of their social and physical environment.
Focuses on the acquisition of virtually all behaviour from the environment via conditioning.
Against Nurture/For Nature
NATURE NURTURE DEBATE