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ASP Tutorial HTML Form to Database Connectivity Database Connectivity (1 of 3) You can connect to the database in two ways. (You can access the following info to discuss the two options. http://www.powerasp.com/content/database/dsn_vs_dnsless.asp

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database connectivity 1 of 3
Database Connectivity(1 of 3)
  • You can connect to the database in two ways. (You can access the following info to discuss the two options.

http://www.powerasp.com/content/database/dsn_vs_dnsless.asp

http://www.4guysfromrolla.com/webtech/070399-1.shtml

http://www.powerasp.com/content/hintstips/permissions.asp -One more

    • DSN connection (DSN stands for Data Source Name – this method can be used if you already have a server set up for the web pages via ODBC)
    • DSN-less connection (this is an easier way to connect to your database – you do not have to configure your computer to set this up)
  • The following code shows you how to connect to your access database with a DSN-less connection.

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create a database 2 of 3
Create a Database(2 of 3)
  • First create a database named “comments.mdb” using Microsoft Access.
  • Then create a table and name it “commentadd”.
  • Include the following fields in the table:
    • name
    • comments
    • email

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connecting to a database 1 of 5
Connecting to a Database(1 of 5)
  • Next, create a form with the fields you require.
  • Name the file anything you want. Ex: contact.htm
  • In the

<form method="POST" action="addrecord.asp"> area in the form, change the action=“addrecord.asp” to whatever name you want and include the .asp extension.

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creating the html form 2 of 5
Creating the HTML Form(2 of 5)
  • <html>
  • <head>
  • <title>Feedback Form</title>
  • </head>
  • <body>
  • <p><b><font size="6" face="Century Gothic">Feedback Form</font></b></p>
  • <p><font size="4" face="Century Gothic">Please fill out this form to help us

improve our site.</font></p>

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slide7
(3 of 5)
  • <form method="POST" action="addrecord2.asp">
  • <p><b>Name: </b>
  • <input name="name" type="text" size="32"></p>
  • <p><b>Comments: </b>
  • <textarea rows="4" name="comments" cols="30"></textarea></p>
  • <p><b>Email Address: </b>
  • <input type="text" name="email" size="26"></font></p>

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slide8
(4 of 5)
  • <p>&nbsp;</p>
  • <p>
  • <input type="submit" value="Submit Your Entries" name="B1"><input type="reset" value="Clear Your Entries" name="B2">
  • </p>
  • </form>
  • </body>
  • </html>

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connecting to a database 1 of 8
Connecting to a Database(1 of 8)
  • Next create the ASP response pageand give it the same name as is found in the form in “action=…..”
  • The following slides contain the ASP code to connect to the database.
  • Lines 3 – 6 declare all the variables required.
  • Line 10 - sets up the connection to the database and opens the connection with the database

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code explanation 2 of 8
Code Explanation(2 of 8)
  • Line 19 opens the table in the database using the rs.open method.
  • Line 20 - 24 adds new data from the form tothe table using the rs.addnew method.
  • Line 25 - 27 updates the table and moves to end of the record.
  • Lines 28 - 30 closes all the connections to the database.

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connecting to a database 3 of 8
Connecting to a Database(3 of 8)
  • <%@ Language="VBScript"%>
  • <%
  • 'Declare all local variables
  • dim rs
  • dim strconn
  • dim strID

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slide13
(4 of 8)

7. ‘Sets up the connection to the database(The entire line 9 must be on one line)

  • set strconn=server.createobject("adodb.connection")
  • strConn.Open "DRIVER={Microsoft Access Driver (*.mdb)}; DBQ=" & Server.MapPath("database.mdb")
  • 'Create an ADO recordset object
  • set rs = server.createobject("adodb.recordset")
  • 'Initialise the strID variable with an SQL statement to query the database
  • strID = "SELECT commentadd.Name, commentadd.comments, commentadd.email FROM commentadd;“
  • 'Set the cursor type we are using so we can navigate through the recordset
  • rs.CursorType = 2
  • 'Set the lock type so that the record is locked by ADO when it is updated
  • rs.lockType = 3
  • 'Open the recordset with the SQL query(the 2,2 deals with writing and locking the table)
  • rs.Open strID, strconn, 2,2

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slide14
(5 of 8)

20. ‘Adds new data from the Form to the Table

21. rs.addnew

22. rs("name") = request("name")

23. rs("comments") = request("comments")

24. rs("email") = request("email")

25. ‘Updates the Table and Moves to end of record

26. rs.update

27. rs.movelast

28. ‘Closes all the connections to the Database

29. set rs = nothing

30. set conn = nothing

31. %>

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slide15
(6 of 8)

32. <html>

33. <head>

34. <title>Thank you</title>

35. </head>

36. <body>

37. <center>Thank you</center><br>

38. <center>Please click <a href="/index.html">here</a>

39. to return to the home page.</center>

40. </body>

41. </html>

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asp response page 7 of 8
ASP Response Page(7 of 8)

This is the response page that is displayed once the form is submitted. This page is generated by the ASP code shown in the previous slides. The message displayed above can be changed to show your own message.

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access database 8 of 8
Access Database(8 of 8)

This is what the database will look like after the form is submitted. The data from the form is saved in the database.

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components and objects these are different than the ado objects
Components and Objects(These are different than the ADO Objects)
  • ASP consists of five primarybuilt in objects
    • Application – manages Web application's information
    • Request – retrieves information from a browser for processing at the server
    • Response – transmits information from a Web server to browser
    • Server – controls behavior of a Web server
    • Session – tracks and manages individual user sessions within particular Web application

The built-in objects are special because they are built into ASP and need not to be declared or created before they can be used in scripts.

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