Octocorals in the Gulf Kaveh Samimi Namin Department of Marine Sciences, Khoram-Shahr University of Marine Sciences and Technology, Khuzestan province, Iran Phylum Cnidaria Class Anthozoa Subclass Octocorallia Order Alcyonacea Introduction : Specific characteristic of soft coral:
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Kaveh Samimi Namin
Department of Marine Sciences, Khoram-Shahr University of Marine Sciences and Technology, Khuzestan province, Iran
East coast of Kish island during summer and autumn 2005 . ( Why east coast ? Because nobody fund this project, so east coast was easily accessible .)
All around this island is about 50 km .Every 1-2 km will be checked. Now, north and west coasts are finished.
Underwater surveys is do with SCUBA diving. Each survey start from seashore to depth around 40 .(Depends on the sea floor profile)
What data recorded :
Some new records !
Colony shape: Branched and whip like
Sclerites: The characteristic sclerites form is leaf scale with tuberculate structure at one tip. the thorn scales of calyces with single ,long spine from warty base.
Habitat: Depth around 12, clear water, sandy rocky substratum.
Junceella sp. Valenciennes,1855
Sclerites: Surface have club shape Habitat :Sandy and muddy bottoms
Echinomuricea sp. Verrill,1869
Sclerites : The major are the thorn scales of the calyces with single, long spine from warty base.
Habitat : Depth was around 12 m, with clear water ( visibility 8 m)
Dendronepthya sp. Kukenthal, 1905
Polyps: Monomorphic and not retractile
Colony shape: bushy
Habitat : depth above 10 , with clear water ( visibility 8 m)
And also Dr. Leen Ofwegen
for all of his supports