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A Familiar Chinese StoryA poor man asked a wise man to give him a fish because his family was starving. But, the wise man refused. Instead he offered to teach the poor man to fish because then his family would be fed everyday, not just one day.
What the wise man offered the poor man was a paradigm shift- a different way to view his problem.
This workshop will offer a paradigm shift in the approach to learning in your classroom.
Generating and Testing HypothesesOne of the most powerful and analytic of cognitive operations.Anytime we use “if-then” reasoning, we enter the realm of generating and testing hypotheses.
By definition, the process of generating and testing hypotheses involves the application of knowledge.
Students first discover principles and then generate hypotheses based on these principles.
(This approach produces better results.)
Create a Gadget Conclusions
Educational Research ConclusionsActivation of prior knowledge is critical to learning of all typesBackground knowledge can even influence what we perceiveCues, questions, and graphic organizers are techniques that call on students’ prior knowledge
The “ACTIVE QUESTIONING” process is most effective when teachers start teaching for questions instead of answers.
Students need a knowledge base about the topic and a knowledge base about questioning.
We teach kids to answer. We don’t teach them to question.
Asking questions, not just answering them, is a life support skill, maybe even a survival skill.
It is connected to decision making and problem solving.
According to J.T. Dillon, teachers ask 80 questions per hour compared to only 2 questions per hour from all the students combined.
It is time to change that picture. It is time to teach kids how to ask question, not just to answer them.
PASSIVE Conclusions Questions
Are those Answered
By the Student
Are Those Asked
By the Student
Generating and Testing Hypotheses
-involves applying knowledge to a specific situation
Cues, Questions, and Advance Organizers
-help students use what they already know about a topic to learn new information
As you go back to your classrooms,
We invite you
To set aside any preconceived ideas,
Open your mind and your heart
Put on your professional thinking cap,
And explore the many ways to generate and test hypotheses,
Utilize cues, questions, and advance organizers
And “Catch the Questioning Bug”!
HOLLYWOOD SQUARES Conclusions