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AGSC 381 Hunter Education Big Game Animals In Texas Objectives Identify game species in Texas Elk, White-Tailed, & Mule Deer Determine: Description Range Habitat/Habits Description: Large, hoofed mammal Cream colored rump patch Small cream colored tail

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agsc 381 hunter education

AGSC 381 Hunter Education

Big Game Animals In Texas

objectives
Objectives
  • Identify game species in Texas
    • Elk, White-Tailed, & Mule Deer
  • Determine:
      • Description
      • Range
      • Habitat/Habits
elk wapiti
Description:

Large, hoofed mammal

Cream colored rump patch

Small cream colored tail

General reddish-brown body with chestnut brown neck (mane in males)

Huge spreading antlers on males in summer and autumn

Range:

In Texas, free roaming elk are limited to the trans-pecos region

Some private herds are not considered game animals located in Central and South Texas regions

Elk (WAPITI)
elk wapiti4
Habitat/Habits

Lives in semi-open forest, mountains, meadows, foothills plains, and valleys

Herbivorous- eats grasses, forbs, some brush, twigs/bark

Usually migrate to higher elevations in spring

Live 14 years and males are polygamous (breeds more than one female)

Ruts start in September – calves born in May-June – normally one calf per cow - spotted

Elk (WAPITI)
white tailed deer
White–Tailed Deer
  • Description:
    • Small to medium hoofed mammal with reddish brown to blue-gray or tan colorings
    • Underside of tail is white
    • Antlers on male consist mainly of main beam with tines growing from it
  • Range:
    • Texas has the most white-tailed deer of any state (over four million)
    • Texas hill country is most densely populated area in the country
    • West Texas and the Panhandle are the only spotty areas with whitetails
white tailed deer7
White-Tailed Deer
  • Habitat/Habits
    • Lives in forest, swamps, open brushy areas, foothills plains and river bottoms
    • Herbivorous- eats forbs, browse, wigs, shrubs, acorns, fungi and some grasses
    • Limited movement (rarely more than one to two miles)
    • Lives to 16 years in the wild
    • Male is polygamous (breeds more than one female)
    • Rut starts in October through December, spotted twin fawns are normal
mule deer
Mule Deer
  • Description:
    • Medium to large hoofed mammal with reddish (summer) to blue-gray (winter) coloring
    • Rump patch is cream colored with black-tipped
    • Cream colored tail
    • Ears are larger than white-tailed deer
    • Antlers are dichotomous (branches equally---not all from one beam)
  • Range:
    • Located primarily in the High Plains and Trans-Pecos regions (west)
    • Some Mule Deer overlap with ranges of Whitetail deer
mule deer10
Mule Deer
  • Habitat/Habits:
    • Live in forest, desert shrubs, chaparral, grasslands, plains, foothills and river bottoms
    • Herbivorous- eats forbs, browse, shrubs, twigs, and some grasses
    • Migrate similar to elk, but in Texas limited movement may occur
    • Lives to 16 years in the wild
    • Male is polygamous (breeds more than female)
    • Rut starts in October through December
    • One to two fawns are typical - spotted
work sheet activity
Work Sheet Activity
  • Use the work sheet provided and identify the specie.
  • List one or more physical descriptions
  • Name the range/area
  • Name habitat or habits