Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder (OCD) by Jerry Sagrero
Definition • The disorder known as obsessive- compulsive disorder (OCD) involves both components of recurrent obsession and compulsion that interfere significantly with an individuals daily life.
Associated features • Most of the time there is avoidance of situations that involve the contact of the obsession, such as dirt or contamination. • For example, a person with obsession about dirt may avoid public restrooms or shaking hand with strangers .
Associated features • There’s also people that would check to see if you locked the door which is normal; checking 10 times is not. Washing your hands is normal; washing so often that your skin becomes raw is not • You could imagine how distressing it is for people whose thoughts are filled with concerns about contamination, doubts or aggression.
Associated features • The symptoms of OCD are time-consuming, irrational, and distracting, and the individual may desperately wish to stop them. • The most common compulsion involve the repetition of a specific behavior.
Etiology • OCD is increasingly being understood as a genetic disorder, reflecting abnormalities in the basal ganglia, subcritical areas of brain involved in the control of motor movements. • Most of it is in your head, the way you think about thinks but people with OCD over think it and stared getting anxiety for little thing.
Prevalence • At some time during their lives, often during their later teens or twenties, 2 to 3 percent of people cross that line from normal preoccupations and fussiness to debilitating disorder. • OCD is more common among teens and young adults than among older people.
Prevalence • In adults, this disorder is equally common in males and females. • Yet, in kids the disorder is more common in boys than in girls. • community studies have estimated a lifetime prevalence of 2.5% and 1-year prevalence of 0.5%-2.1 in adults.
Treatment • Currently one of the most effective treatments for OCD is a therapy known as exposure and response prevention. • The second line therapies fro OCD patients are SRIs. The drugs typically take 8 to 12 weeks to start working.
Prognosis • Common obsessions:(repetitive thoughts) • Concern with dirt, germs, or toxins • Something terrible happening(fire,death,illness) • Symmetry, order, or exactness.
Prognosis • Compulsions (repetitive behaviors) • Excessive hand washing, bathing, tooth brushing, etz. • Repeating rituals • Checking doors, locks, appliances, car brakes, etz.
References Halgin, R.P. & Whitbourne, S.K. (2005). Aphycology: clinical perspectives on psychological disorders. New york, NY: Mcgrow-hill Myers, D.G.(2011). Myers’ psychology for AP. New york, NY: Worth publishers. Wenner, M.(jun 2011). Obsessions revisited. Retriever from <web.ebscohost.com/scirc/detail?vid=4&hid=107&sid=53edca0b-9231-45a9-adfc-0b4788117e0c%40sessionmgr113&bdata=JnNpdGU9c2NpcmMtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=sch&AN=60530735>
Discussion question Do you know anyone that you think or has obsessive compulsive disorder(OCD)?