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Welcome to English 9 Pre-AP. Collect summer assignment Due today – Late work = 25% reduction Assessment Review sheet Rationale for summer reading assignment John Steinbeck and texts Reflection. Rationale for Summer Reading Assignment. Theme – Overcoming Adversity

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welcome to english 9 pre ap
Welcome to English 9 Pre-AP
  • Collect summer assignment
    • Due today – Late work = 25% reduction
  • Assessment
    • Review sheet
  • Rationale for summer reading assignment
  • John Steinbeck and texts
  • Reflection
rationale for summer reading assignment
Rationale for Summer Reading Assignment
  • Theme – Overcoming Adversity
    • What kinds of circumstances are truly beyond an individual’s control and what options are truly within the realm of personal choice?
rationale for summer reading assignment1
Rationale for Summer Reading Assignment
  • John Steinbeck
    • Pulitzer Prize winning American author
    • Novels, novellas, non-fiction, short stories
    • Plight of the migrant worker, effects of the environment on man, hardships of common people
    • Rich with symbolism and imagery
    • “John Steinbeck brings together the human heart and the land." - Author Barry Lopez
rationale for summer reading assignment2
Rationale for Summer Reading Assignment
  • Classic author study
    • Read and analyze text
    • Research biographical information
    • Literary criticism
    • Paper and presentation
of mice and men
Of Mice and Men

Published in 1937 as a novella

Adapted into a play

Filmed in 1939, 1981, and 1992

Pre-Pulitzer (1940 for Grapes of Wrath)

American dream, migrant workers, male relationships

flight
“Flight”
  • Published in 1938 in The Long Valley – short stories set in Salinas Valley in California
    • Three years after first critically acclaimed novel (Tortilla Flat)
  • Maturity, manhood, accepting responsibility
the pearl
The Pearl
  • Published in 1945 in Woman’s Home Companion magazine
  • Published in 1947 as a novella
  • Greed as a destructive force, societies oppression of native cultures, role of fate in shaping lives
questions reflection
Questions/Reflection
  • Questions or clarification before exam?
  • Separate sheet of paper
    • One statement about each text
    • One paragraph on summer reading experience
essential question
Essential Question
  • What kinds of circumstances are truly beyond an individual’s control and what options are truly within the realm of personal choice?
the pearl1
The Pearl
  • Published in 1945 in Woman’s Home Companion magazine
  • Published in 1947 as a novella
  • Native culture oppressed by Spanish colonizers for over 400 years
naturalism
Naturalism
  • Realism – 1870’s – 1880’s
    • Middle class America
    • Exposed hardships and ugliness of human existence
    • Life depicted as it really is
  • Naturalism – literary movement 1880’s – 1940’s
    • Reaction from World Wars and Great Depression
    • Similar to realism but addressed taboo topics
    • Reveal lives of America's lower-class
    • The naturalistic view of humans is that they respond to the natural world much like animals, reacting to natural forces they neither understand nor control
    • Human beings are often portrayed as victims of destiny or fate
    • Naturalistic writers portray nature as indifferent
    • Naturalists are pessimistic about human capabilities
    • Life is a trap
    • Naturalists portray humans as animalistic, driven by fear or hunger
parable
Parable

A simple story that relays a moral message

What’s the moral message in The Pearl?

novella
Novella

Novella – a shortened form of fictional development lying between novel and short story

32,000-50,000 words

Limited action

Few conflicts

Usually not divided into chapters

setting and point of view
Setting and Point of View

Mexican-Indian coastal village – La Paz on the Baja peninsula – Gulf of California

Late 19th or early 20th century

Third person omniscient

symbols
Symbols
  • What is a symbol?
  • The pearl
    • greed, hope, evil
  • The canoe
    • livelihood
  • The scorpion
    • evil
  • The doctor
    • ????
themes
Themes

Greed as a destructive force

Societies oppression of native cultures

The role of fate in shaping lives

Good vs. Evil

The importance of family

imagery
Imagery
  • Imagery – use of words and phrases that address the senses, suggesting mental pictures of sights, sounds, smells, tastes, feelings, or actions
  • Animal imagery
  • Nature imagery
    • Kino’s existence connected to nature
discussion questions
Discussion Questions

How does the novella’s conclusion complete Steinbeck’s moral argument? Could the novella have ended in any other way? Is it wise of Kino to throw the pearl back into the sea, or should he have searched for another option?

What role does family play in The Pearl? How does the loyalty of Kino’s family members (especially Juana and Juan Tomás) affect his actions? Was Juan Tomás correct to shield Kino from the law after he had committed murder? Is Juana correct to be so submissive to him? Does either character have a choice?

Some critics read The Pearl as a very specific critique of the American dream of wealth and success. Is this reading plausible, or does it limit it unnecessarily? If the story is about the American dream, why is it set in a colonial Mexican society?

flight1
“Flight”
  • Published in 1938 in The Long Valley – short stories set in Salinas Valley in California
  • Three years after first critically acclaimed novel
setting and point of view1
Setting and Point of View

Mid-California coast about 15 miles south of Monterey

1920’s-1930’s

Third – person limited

symbols1
Symbols
  • Black = death
    • Hair, knife handle
    • Coat – literally covering self with death
    • Path – well-worn black path is the road to death
  • Water = life
    • Water bag
    • Journey – moves farther away from the river
of mice and men1
Of Mice and Men
  • Published in 1937 as a novella
  • Adapted into a play
  • Filmed in 1939
  • Television movie in 1981 and 1992
setting and point of view2
Setting and Point of View

Setting – 1930’s in southern California

Point of View – third person omniscient

symbols2
Symbols
  • George and Lennie’s farm
    • The American Dream
  • Rabbits
    • Innocence
  • Candy’s dog
    • Quality of life
  • Lennie’s puppy
    • Strong vs. weak
themes2
Themes

Broken Plans

The American Dream

Male Friendship

The Weak and the Strong

Women

Loneliness

imagery2
Imagery

Setting

Mood

essential question1
Essential Question

What kinds of circumstances are truly beyond an individual’s control and what options are truly within the realm of personal choice?

Respond referencing all three texts