Chapter 12. Gender. What is Gender?. Sex is being biologically male or female Gender is the social psychological dimension of sex Gender role – set of expectations of how a person will act, think & feel because of their sex Gender typing – how a person acquires appropriate gender behavior.
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Williams & Best (1982) 30 countries
Second International Conference on Transgender Law and Employment Policy, Houston, Texas, 1993
“All human beings carry within themselves an ever-unfolding idea of who they are and what they are capable of achieving. The individual’s sense of self is not determined by chromosomal sex, genitalia, assigned birth sex, or initial gender role. Thus the individual’s identity and capabilities cannot be circumscribed by what society deems to be masculine or feminine behavior.
It is fundamental that individuals have the right to define, and to redefine as their lives unfold, their own gender identity, without regard to chromosomal sex, genitalia, assigned birth sex, or initial gender role.”