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C P R. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. A person complains of chest pain and you suspect a heart attack. You should get immediate medical help and place the person in the most comfortable position which is usually:. a. On their back, with legs elevated b. Seated leaning forward and supported

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c p r

C P R

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

slide2

A person complains of chest pain and you suspect a heart attack. You should get immediate medical help and place the person in the most comfortable position which is usually:

  • a. On their back, with legs elevated
  • b. Seated leaning forward and supported
  • c. Semi sitting and supported
  • d. In the recovery position
which one of the following is a cardiac risk factor that may go unnoticed
Which one of the following is a cardiac risk factor that may go unnoticed?
  • a. Lack of exercise
  • b. Low blood pressure
  • c. Rapid weight gain
  • d. High blood pressure
a heart attack occurs when
A heart attack occurs when?
  • a. Part of the cardiac tissue dies because of a lack of oxygen
  • b. The casualty is unable to breathe
  • c. The casualty has no pulse
  • d. There is a blockage of blood flow to a portion of the brain
which one of the following is a controllable cardiovascular risk factor
Which one of the following is a controllable cardiovascular risk factor?
  • a. Family history
  • b. Gender
  • c. Cigarette smoking
  • d. Age
it doesn t hurt to help
It Doesn’t Hurt to Help
  • Ontario Law is clear whether you have medical training or not, the court expects you to use only common sense
  • The Law does expect you to be cautious when your actions could affect others
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
  • Cardio = heart
  • Pulmonary = carrying oxygenated blood to living tissue in the body, including the heart.
    • It is important to get blood pumping to the brain to prevent brain damage when the heart stops
  • Resuscitation = Artificially moving oxygenated blood
what you can do
What You Can Do
  • Identify yourself and qualifications
  • If the person is conscious ask if he/she wants help
  • If a young child requires medical help and a parent is not available you can provide emergency aid
chain of survival 5 steps
CHAIN OF SURVIVAL (5 STEPS)
  • Early recognition
  • Early access 911
  • Early CPR
  • Early defibrillation
  • Early advanced paramedics
the 4 r s
THE 4 R’s
  • Risk
  • Recognize
  • React
  • Resuscitate
major risk factors
Major RISK FACTORS
  • Cigarettes
  • Cholesterol
  • Blood Pressure
  • Diabetes
minor risk factors
Minor RISK FACTORS
  • Obesity
  • No exercise
  • Stress
signals of a heart attack
SIGNALS OF A HEART ATTACK
  • Pain
  • Pale
  • Puking
  • Puffing
  • Pooped

THE 5 P’S

hazards and holler call 911
Hazards and Holler “CALL 911”
  • Position The Person
  • Loosen Clothing
  • Talk to the Person

P L T

april love
“April Love”
  • A llergies
  • P ast history
  • Rx … treatment
  • I ncident … What happened
  • L ast ate
  • L ights
  • O bstacles
  • V ehicles
  • E ntrances -Exits -Elevators
steps for ar cpr
Steps for AR CPR
  • Scene survey – take charge, call for help, check for hazards, and identify yourself
  • Assess response from victim
    • A. Airway
    • B. Breathing
    • C. Circulation

cont…

ar cpr cont
AR CPR (cont)
  • Send for EMS
  • Open Airway
    • Chin lift and listen for opening of airway
  • Assess breathing (approx. 5 sec.)
    • Look, listen, feel

cont…

ar cpr cont1
AR CPR (cont)
  • Check Pulse (10 seconds)
    • Carotid (jugular) pulse
bleeding
Bleeding
  • Restrict blood flow by putting pressure on wound
cardiopulmonary resuscitation1
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
  • Cardio = heart
  • Pulmonary = carrying oxygenated blood to living tissue in the body, including the heart.
    • It is important to get blood pumping to the brain to prevent brain damage when the heart stops
  • Resuscitation = Artificially moving oxygenated blood