Creative cities of future Possibilities for Action
Our Cities, Our Homes • Cities are a hub of activity, transition and living. • For the first time in history, the majority people of the world are living in the cities; • cities are now home to more than half of the world’s population and by the year 2020 it is estimated to reach 80% of the total population; • Today cities account for more than 80% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions and the cost of adaptation to climate change estimated around 80-100 billion per year
Costs of infrastructure renewals • (OECD) estimates $71 trillion, or about 3.5 percent of the global GDP, is needed through 2030 to improve the basic infrastructure of the cities including road, rail, telecoms, electricity and water infrastructure;
Challenges,.. • Cities are incubators and transmitters of ideas and engine of economic growth. • MAJOR CHALLENGE FOR cities is their need for cultural recognition that affirms their identity in a globalized world. • Every city is unique and needs to assert itself on the global stage and,has to compete to attract global investment and skilled professionals. • The future of any city must adequately serve the needs of its communities and must be rooted in its own individual identity and its own model of urban environment shaped by its heritage.
How to save our cities? • emphasize the environment, since a rise in CO2 emissions can cause an increase in temperature, entailing CLIMATE CHANGE, SEA LEVEL RISE, STORMS AND CYCLONS, MASSIVE LOSSES IN VEGETATION AND extinction of SPECIES. • infrastructure renewal by transforming urban centers into efficient, sustainable cities using integrated water system, green economy, reuse and smart grid infrastructure and fast urban transportation systems
Challenge,… • better quality of life by concentrating on innovations and better designs. Focus on rebuilding new structures, tools and buildings. The vivid example of this are some European and Chinese cities who seek, A balance between human beings, nature and development.
What is creative city? • Notion of Creative city applies to an urban complex where cultural activities are an integral components of the city economic and social functioning. • Every city is unique and needs to assert itself on the global stage. There is no one-size-fits-all approach. The future of any city must adequately serve the needs of its communities and must be rooted in its own individual identity and its own model of urban environment, shaped by its heritage.
Culture and the city • Culture is the core of a city. A city without culture is a city without soul. • The cultural heritage of a city is embodied in its monuments, landscape, festivals, and customs, the shape of its streets or houses • Cultural diversity is an important factor in promoting economic, social and cultural development
Cities should not stay just a spot on the map In a globalized world, they should become a crossroad where the local interacts with the global communities.
Objectives of CNN • Cultural development • Social development • Economic development • provides for sharing best practices on economic, cultural and social developmentwith other cities
Uneven Geographics • 14 cities from Europe, all from Western Europe • 1 current application (Krakow) from Eastern Europe. • 4 countries only – China, Japan, South Korea and Australia from Asia and Pacific region • The African continent is represented by only one namely, Egyptian city
Creative economies • Creative economies cannot function without key infrastructures as comprehensive enabling environment. Urban centres have to provide and maintain infrastructures not only as material and economic foundations for development, but also provide the soft infrastructure namely the services relating to the social, educational, cultural and intellectual fabric of a city.
Education as the key • Education is one of the key areas, both at the national and the municipal levels, • a knowledge-intensive economy is simply impossible without massive investments in quality education. • Education is a basic need for the producers as well as the consumers of cultural products and services.
Categories of CCN • Literature, • Film, • Music, • Crafts • Folk Art, • Design, • Media Arts • Gastronomy
29 countries members of CCN • Literature: Edinburgh, Melbourne, Iowa City, Dublin, Reykjavik • Cinema: Bradford, Sydney • Music: Seville, Bologna, Glasgow, Ghent • Crafts and Folk Arts Santa Fe, Aswan, Kanazawa, Itchen • Design: Buenos Aires, Berlin, Montreal, Nagoya, Kobe, Shenzhen, Shanghai, • Seoul, Saint-Etienne, Graz • Media Arts: Lyon • Gastronomy: Popayan, Chengdu, Oestrum