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The conditional tense

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The conditional tense. How to use the conditional tense The stem and the endings Some irregularities Constructing hypothetical sentences. S'il était dimanche aujourd'hui. Je ferais la grasse matinée. je regarderais un film à la télé. j’ irais me promener au parc.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
The conditional tense
  • How to use the conditional tense
  • The stem and the endings
  • Some irregularities
  • Constructing hypothetical sentences
slide2
S'il était dimanche aujourd'hui...

Je ferais la grasse matinée

je regarderais un film à la télé

j’irais me promener au parc

slide3
Si j'étais plus riche...

J’acheterais une nouvelle voiture

Je passerais mes vacances en Australie

slide4
Si je vivais en France...

je mangerais beaucoup de croissants

je parlerais français tous les jours

je boirais beaucoup d’Orangina rouge

slide5
What is the conditional tense?
  • The conditional tense corresponds with the use of “would” in English
  • Instead of putting an extra word in front of the verb, endings are used
  • EG Je jouerais = I would play
    • Je mangerais = I would eat
    • This is usually used in sentences beginning with SI (if) – If I was rich, I would be happy
slide6
How is it formed?

Stem

Take the infinitive. If it’s an RE verb, knock off the E

sortir

jouer

boire

Just the same as the Imperfect tense – can you remember?

Endings

Je

Tu

Il/elle

ais

ions

Nous

Vous

Ils/Elles

ais

iez

ait

aient

slide7
Choose the correct phrase

1) I would play

a) je jouais b) je jouerais

2) I would live

a) J’habiterais b) J’habitais

3) I would eat

a) je mangerais b) je mangeais

slide8
Il regarderait

il regardait

il regarderais

he would watch

She would listen

elle écoutait

elle écouterais

elle écouterait

slide9
We would visit

nous visiteraient

nous visiterions

nous visitons

nous boirions

nous buvons

nous buvions

We would drink

slide10
Irregular verbs

There are not many irregularities in the conditional tense. But the irregular stems are very common so you must learn them by heart!

ser

être

Hopefully you recognise these because they are also the stems for the FUTURE tense

avoir

aur

aller

ir

faire

fer

slide11
Conditional =

future stem +

Imperfect ending

ais

ais

je ser

j'ir

ais

ais

je fer

j'aur

slide12
SI clauses

You need one verb in the IMPERFECT and a second verb in the CONDITIONAL

slide13
If I won the lottery I would go to France

Si je gagnais la loterie, j’irais en France

If I had more money, I would buy a car

Si j’avais plus d’argent, j’acheterais une voiture

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