the conditional tense and subjunctive mood
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The Conditional Tense and subjunctive mood. Conditional. This used to say what would happen under certain circumstances or if not for other circumstances The conditional tense consists of a form of werden followed by the infinative ich würde wir würden du würdest ihr würdet

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conditional
Conditional
  • This used to say what would happen under certain circumstances or if not for other circumstances
  • The conditional tense consists of a form of werden followed by the infinative

ichwürdewirwürden

du würdestihrwürdet

er/siewürdesie/Siewürden

WirwürdenmehrZeitvordemFernseherverbringen

when to use it
When to use it?
  • The conditional tense is being used increasingly in the place of the subjunctive.
  • Siewürden das Hausnichtkaufen- they would not buy the house
  • The conditional is also used as a polite request

WürdenSiebittewarten?

NOTE: The conditional is never used for haben or sein!!

the subjunctive mood
The Subjunctive Mood
  • We all already use this in the modal verbs without realising it
  • Ichmöchte (would like)- this is a form of the subjunctive verb
  • The subjunctive is not a tense as it can be used throughout the tenses
  • The subjunctive is used as an alternative to the conditional tense and is mostly used with modals or in indirect speech and haben/sein
subjunctive
Subjunctive
  • Ichhabe Geld- this sentence indicates what?
  • The subjunctive does the opposite
  • It tells the reader what they would have done had they had the money
  • Hätteich das Geld, würdeichnachEuropafahren

A Fact

how is the subjunctive formed
How is the subjunctive formed?
  • Usually formed by putting the verb in to the imperfect tense and adding an umlaut (if possible) and adding an ‘e’ if there is already not one.
  • *** Exception is sollen and wollen- no umlaut is added
most commonly used with
Most commonly used with
  • They often include clauses with ‘wenn’
  • haben/sein and modal verbs
  • Ichhätte das Besser machenkönnen
  • WennichZeitgehabthätte, wäreich ins Kino gegangen
  • Ichmöchte das machen
  • All other Verbs generally used the conditional instead
  • Wenn das Wetter schönwäre, würdenwirzum Strand gehen
subjunctive in other tenses
Subjunctive in other tenses
  • Hättest du Lust, mitunszugehen?
  • Ichwäregernmiteuchgegangen

= present

= past

can you tell the difference
Can you tell the difference?
  • Ichwürdeeskaufen, wennichgenug Geld habe
  • IchhättemeinHausaufgabengemacht, wennichgenugZeithätte
  • Es wäre besser fürmichgewesen, wennichhätteabsagenkönnen
  • Wenn das Wetter schönwäre, würdenwirwanderngehen

= conditional

= subjunctive

= subjunctive

= conditional and subjunctive

your turn
Your turn
  • If I had not seen it with my own eyes, I would not have believed it
  • If we had time, we would be able to go to the movies
  • If I won 2,000 Euro, I would fly to London

WennichesnichtmiteingnenAugengesehenhätte, hätteichesnichtgeglaubt

WennwirZeithätte, würdenwir ins Kino gehen

Wennich 2,000 Euro winnenwürde, würdeichsofortnach London fliegen

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