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Intel 64-bit Server Technology. Philip King Solution Specialist Intel Corporation May 24, 2014. Agenda. Intel ® Server Processors Intel ® Xeon™ and Itanium™ Platforms Extended Memory 64 Technology Micro-architecture comparisons Performance and Scalability Dual and Multi-core plans

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intel 64 bit server technology
Intel 64-bit Server Technology

Philip King

Solution Specialist

Intel Corporation

May 24, 2014

agenda
Agenda
  • Intel® Server Processors
  • Intel® Xeon™ and Itanium™ Platforms
  • Extended Memory 64 Technology
  • Micro-architecture comparisons
  • Performance and Scalability
  • Dual and Multi-core plans
  • 64-bit Platform selection guidance
slide3

Intel® Server Processor Roadmap

. . .

  • 90nm
  • 24MB iL3 cache
  • Dual-core
  • Future Direction:
  • Larger Caches
  • 65nm process
  • Multiple cores
  • Multi-threading
  • Virtualization
  • >1 billion trans.

Montecito

(Q3’05)

  • .13µ
  • 9MB iL3 cache

Itanium 2

Processor

(Madison Refresh)

. . .

  • .13µ
  • 6MB iL3 cache

Performance , RAS, Scalability

Potomac

(Q2’05)

Itanium 2

Processor

(Madison)

  • .18µ
  • 3MB iL3 cache

Nocona

(8/6/04)

Itanium® 2

Processor

  • HT; EM64T
  • 4MB+ iL3 cache
  • > 3 Ghz; 90nm;

Xeon™

Processor

  • HT; EM64T
  • 1MB iL2 cache
  • > 3.6 Ghz; 90nm;
  • HT
  • .13µ
  • 2MB iL3 cache

2006-Beyond

2005

2002

2004

2003

®

intel xeon platform
Intel® Xeon™ Platform

2003 & Prior Enhancements

  • Hyper-Threading Technology
  • Intel® Netburst® micro-architecture
  • SSE & SSE2 instructions

Future Enhancement

  • Virtualization
  • User defined power thresholds
  • Dual core CPUs
  • Fully buffered DIMMs

2004 Enhancements

  • New SSE3 instructions
  • PCI Express*
  • 800MHz FSB
  • 64-bit extension technology
  • Power management technology
    • Demand Based Switching (DBS)
  • DDR2 memory
    • Higher capacity & performance w/ lower power

Intel, Netburst and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries.

* Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.

intel itanium platform
Intel® Itanium® Platform

Future Enhancements

2004 & Prior Enhancements

  • Multi-core
  • Virtualization
  • I/O and memory
  • Enhanced RAS
  • Cost parity with Xeon processor based platforms (via common platform infrastructure)
  • Up to 2X higher performance than Xeon based platforms
  • EPIC architecture
  • Enhanced Machine Check Architecture
  • FMAC for floating-point leadership
  • Largest on-die resources for demanding workloads

2005 Planned Enhancements

  • Dual-core
  • Multi-threading
  • Power management technology
    • Demand Based Switching (DBS)
    • Automatic Control Power Consumption (ACPC)
  • Enhanced system bus Bandwidth
  • Foxton Technology (performance feature)
  • Pellston Technology (cache reliability)
  • PCI Express*
  • Fully-buffered DIMMS (FBD) , DDR2

And lower power than today

what is intel e xtended m emory 64 t echnology
What is Intel®Extended Memory 64Technology?

Features

Modes

Extended Memory

Addressability

64-bit Pointers, 64-bit Registers

Legacy Mode

32 OS / 32 Apps

=

+

+

Additional Registers

8-SSE & 8-Gen Purpose

Compatibility Mode

64 OS / 32 Apps

64-bit Mode

64 OS / 64 Apps

64-bit Integer Support

(Double Length)

64-bit

64/64

With Intel® EM64T

Support for flat virtual

Address space

Evolutionary IA-32 architectural enhancements to support extended memory past 4 GB

slide7
Intel Itanium architecture built from the ground up to meet the needs of the most demanding applications

Intel®

Itanium® Processor

Age : 2+

Next Enterprise Architecture

  • Largest, most demanding workloads requires new approach
  • Benefits from the experience of past architectures
  • A convergence of the best minds in the industry

EPIC

IBM PowerPC*

Age : 9+

Superscalar

Sun SPARC, MIPS R4000*

Age : 10-15+

RISC

Performance

IBM 370, VAX 11*

Age : 20+

CISC

* Source: Computer Organization and Architecture, 1999 W. Stallings

Time

Performance through parallelism

Massive on-chip resources

Scalable

  • Maximizes instructions executed in parallel
  • Multiple execution units and issue ports
  • Large and fast on-die cache
  • 128 general registers, 128 floating point registers, 8 branch
  • Efficient management engine
    • Register stack engine
    • 4 GB page size
  • Modular
  • Able to seamlessly add execution resources, issue ports
slide8

72 Registers

2 / 4 MB page size

16 MB

page size

Characteristics of High-end ProcessorsHigh-end Processors Require Significant Resources, Capabilities

Itanium® 2 processor

6 MB  9 MB

on-die cache

IBM Power* 4

Sun UltraSPARC IIIi*

264

Registers

AMD Opteron*

Up to

1.5 MB

on-die

cache

160

Registers

4 GB page size

1 MB on-die

cache

1 MB

on-die

cache

72 Registers

4 MB

page size

Source: IBM.com

Source: sun.com

Source: AMD.com,

intel enterprise micro architectures

Memory Addressing

System Bus Bandwidth

20

On-die multi-thread

6

7

8

9

10

11

On-die Registers

1

2

3

4

5

Execution Units

Issue Ports

Core Frequency

Instructions / Clk

Intel Enterprise Micro-Architectures

Xeon™ EM64T

Itanium® 2 Processor 6M

1024 TB

1TB 40 bit

Performance via Megahertz

6.4 GB/s

6.4 GB/s

1 MB

On-die Cache

6 MB

Hyper-Threading

Technology

Hyper-Threading

Technology

8

Pipeline Stages

264 Application Registers

+ 64 Predicate Registers*

1

2

3

4

24 Registers

2 2x Integer

1 1x Integer,

1 MMx & SSE

2

Floating

Point

2 FP,

1 SIMD

2 Load and

2 Store

6 Integer,

3 Branch

1.5 GHz

~3.6 GHz

3 Instructions / Cycle

6 Instructions / Cycle

Performance via Parallelism

* Intel’s EPIC technology includes 64 single-bit predicate registers to accelerate loop unrolling and branch intensive code execution.

intel server processor platforms

+50%-100%

in ’07+

+30%-60% or

higher in ’04

+30%-50%

in ‘04

+0% in ’07+

‘04

’07+

‘04

’07+

Intel® Server Processor Platforms

Performance 1

Platform Cost2

On track to deliver 1.5-2X better performance than Intel® Xeon™ processor

While achieving platform cost parity

via common platform infrastructure

1 Data based on Intel projections.

2 ‘04 Price based on comparable OEM systems, HW only for enterprise and technical computing applications.

Source : www.ioncomputers.com, www.dell.com

ION SR4004, (4) Xeon processors 2.8 GHz, 2MB cache, 24 GB system memory, 36 GB HDD, no OS - $34,616

ION I2X4, (4) Itanium 2 processors 1.5 GHz, 6 MB cache, 24 GB system memory, 36 GB HDD, no OS - $44, 950

Dell PowerEdge 2650, (2) Xeon processors 3.2 GHz, 1 MB cache, 4 GB system memory, 36 GB HDD, no OS - $6,143

Dell PowerEdge 3250, (2) Itanium 2 processors 1.4 GHz, 1.5 MB cache, 4 GB system memory, 36 GB HDD, no OS - $9,499

All products, dates and information are

preliminary and subject to change without notice.

multi core technology
Multi-Core Technology

2004 2005 2007

Single Core Dual Core Multi-Core

  • Intel™ manufacturing leadership (90nm, 65nm) enables leading multi-core
  • Itanium™ architecture has smaller core size – enabling up to 2x more cores per die than IA-32 for higher performance at same cost

4 or more cores

Cache

2X more

cores

+ Cache

+ Cache

Core

2 or more cores

Cache

+

Cache

Core

+ Cache

Itanium® architecture expected to enable up to 2x more cores per processor than Xeon processors by 2007

All products, dates and features are preliminary and subject to change without notice

which is the right architecture

Intel Xeon Processor

Intel Itanium 2 Processor

  • Best Price/performance
  • High availability
  • Scalable
  • Broadest 32bit S/W availability
  • Large install base, but all 32bit
  • 64bit addressability only
  • Performance leadership now and getting greater in the future
  • Mainframe class reliability features
  • Best scalability
  • Over 1600 Applications ported
  • End to end 64 bit computing
Which is the right Architecture?

Intel® Xeon™ Processor*

Intel® Itanium® 2 Processor Family

32bit Architecture

64bit Architecture

64 bit Addressability

64 bit Addressability

don’t need 64bit addressability

need 64bit addressability

High Compute

Servers

Legacy Apps

Port to EM64T or Port to IPF

Leave applications as 32Bit

*By 2005 all Xeon processors will have memory extensions

other 64 bit platform considerations
Some tools available and will grow over time

Effort needed to porting to 64 bit is the same regardless of architecture

Strong 32-bit eco-systems in place, but needs to expand to EM64T

OEMs are ramping volume quickly

Best price point for servers

Native 32 bit environment (drivers still need be ported to 64bit environment)

Mature Tools and large selection

Porting effort is about the same as on EM64T

Eco-system in place and still growing

OEMs shipping in volume

Processor price delta between Xeon and IPF (top speed) is <$400 per CPU

IA32-EL provides 32-bit execution environment – perf. 50% of Xeon top speed

Other 64-bit platform considerations

Xeon Processor with EM64T

Itanium 2 Processor

slide18

IA Scalability Performance Comparison: Transaction Processing (TPC-C)

+100%

Xeon™ Processor MP

3GHz 4MB L3

tpmC in thousands

Itanium® 2 Processor

1.5GHz 6MB L3

+33%

Itanium® 2 processor 6M scales better than Xeon™ processor MP 3GHz

  • 4P: Source www.tpc.org: IBM x365 102,667.42 tpmC, $3.52/tpmC, available: 3/31/2004, with 4 Intel® Xeon processors MP at 3GHz, each with 4MB iL3 cache, running, Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Server, Microsoft SQL Server 2000 EE SP3, 32GB memory. Itanium® 2 processor results of 136,111 tpmC at $4.09/tpmC on HP Integrity Server rx5670 with 4 Itanium® 2 processors 6M at 1.5GHz, each with 6MB L3 cache, 96GB memory, Red Hat Enterprise Linux Advanced Server 3 and Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition; TPC-C availability date 3/5/04.
  • 32P: Source www.tpc.org: Unisys ES7000 Orion 540 Enterprise Server 304,148.50 tpmC @ $6.18/tpmC, availability 4/28/04 with 32 Intel® Xeon™ processors MP at 3GHz, each with 4MB iL3 cache, running Microsoft* Windows* Server 2003 Datacenter Edition, Microsoft* SQL Server 2000 Enterprise Edition. Itanium® 2 processor 6M results on NEC Express5800/1320Xd C/S w/Express5800/120Rf-2, 609,467tpmC, $6.78/tpmC, with thirty two (32) Intel Itanium® 2 processors 6M at 1.5 GHz, running SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server 9 and Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition, with 512 GB RAM; Available: 9/1/2004.
  • Results as of 4/29/04.
  • Performance tests and ratings are measured using specific computer systems and/or components and reflect the approximate performance of Intel products as measured by those tests. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance. Buyers should consult other sources of information to evaluate the performance of systems or components they are considering purchasing. For more information on performance tests and on the performance of Intel products, reference www.intel.com/procs/perf/limits.htm or call (U.S.) 1-800-628-8686 or 1-916-356-3104

*Other names and brands may be claimed as property of others