What is Artificial Intelligence? • Artificial intelligence (also known as machine intelligence and often abbreviated as AI) is intelligence exhibited by any manufactured (i.e. artificial) system. The term is often applied to general purpose computers and also in the field of scientific investigation into the theory and practical application of AI.
Alan Mathison Turing • (1912 – 1954) • Widely considered to be the father of computer science. • The Turing Test • 1950 paper "Computing Machinery and Intelligence" • Whether it will ever be possible to say that a machine is conscious and can think. • "
John McCarthy • Regarded as the a father of A.I. • “The Dartmouth summer research project on artificial intelligence” • (1956) • “Artificial Intelligence” • "making a machine behave in ways that would be called intelligent if a human were so behaving"
Herbert Simon Marvin Minsky Claude Shannon Allen Newell
Why Artificial Intelligence? • Unlike humans computers have trouble understanding specific situations. • Artificial Intelligence aims to improve machine behavior.
Different Branches • Pattern Recognition • Artificial Life • Evolutionary Computation
Strong Artificial Intelligence Scene from “A. I.” Hal’s Brain “2001 A Space Odyssey”
Dr Rosalind Picard • Author of “Affective Computing” • Director of Affective Computing Research • MIT Media Laboratory • Recognize, understand, to have and express emotions
Present Applications of A.I. • Game playing • Speech recognition • Understanding natural language • Computer vision • Expert systems
References • http://www.jnd.org • http://scientificamerican.com • http://AI-depot.com • http://technologyreview.com • http://www.theage.com • http://www.zdnet.com