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The International Drugs Trade in World Politics: An Overview Eradicating the Drugs Trade? Policies and Solutions PowerPoint Presentation
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The International Drugs Trade in World Politics: An Overview Eradicating the Drugs Trade? Policies and Solutions The International Drugs Trade in World Politics An Overview A New Issue or Not? Anglo-Chinese War 1839-1842 – more commonly known as the Opium War

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
The International Drugs Trade in World Politics: An Overview
  • Eradicating the Drugs Trade? Policies and Solutions
a new issue or not
A New Issue or Not?
  • Anglo-Chinese War 1839-1842 – more commonly known as the Opium War
  • Various issues involved but main one was the UK flooding Chinese market with Indian Opium
a new issue or not4
A New Issue or Not?
  • November 1839 – Chinese junks try to stop UK vessels approaching Chinese harbours
  • 1842 Treaty of Nanking
a new issue or not5
A New Issue or Not?
  • 1960s –counterculture in California but particularly in San Francisco
  • 1970s the big issue in US was cocaine
size scale of the drugs industry
Size/Scale of the Drugs Industry
  • Estimates put worth at $400b a year – equivelevent of world tourist industry
  • Many jobs involved in drugs industry and not just clandestine ones – also farmers/bankers/shop owners etc
  • Profits – in year 2000 1kg of opium worth $50 in Afghanistan but 2000 times this in London
why are drugs produced where they are
Why Are Drugs Produced Where They Are?
  • Geography/Geology Vital
  • Require a region that has warm temperatures and soil full of nutrients –Latin America/Afghanistan/Burma etc
slide9
Yes but much more money can be made from growing coca than legal crops
  • Mono-economies – Bolivia 1964 & world tin price
  • Debt crisis
  • Globalisation
colombia
Colombia

Ideally located:

  • (1) between growing region and the US
  • (2)Atlantic/Pacific coastlines
  • (3) forest region – good for hiding labs/private airfields
  • (4) traditionally been difficult to govern since La Violencia

Traditional role of coca in Andean Societies

geography
Geography

Mexico

  • (1) massive border with the US
  • (2) North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
  • Caribbean are transit countries –Jamaica/Haiti/Puerto Rico
geography13
Geography

Afghanistan

  • Weak border controls especially since

the end of the Cold War – route into

former Soviet Republics then Russia

and then into Europe

history of drugs industry
History of Drugs Industry
  • 1960s -Original Transportation carried out by Cuban gangsters
  • 1970s and this changing – Colombian taking over both production & supply
colombia15
Colombia
  • Entrepreneurial spirit
  • Large Colombian community in the US
  • “open window” policy by banks
  • Saw drugs problem as a “gringo problem”
colombia16
Colombia
  • Medellin & Cali cartels to the fore
  • Medellin – 1/2hour flight from Bogota but 8 hours by road
  • Supplied 80% of cocaine to North America in the 1980s
pablo escobar
Pablo Escobar
  • Most famous/”infamous”
  • Flamboyant/violent – nouveux riche
  • Seen as Robin Hood Figure
  • 1984 offered to pay national debt ($12b) in return for amnesty
affects of drugs trade on producer countries
Affects of Drugs Trade on Producer Countries
  • Pushes prices/inflation up
  • No taxes
  • Money spent on policing and not education/health
  • Violence discourages foreign investment
  • Own Internal market created – busaco
  • Boom towns – real estate – clothes/cars
affects of drugs trade on producer countries19
Affects of Drugs Trade on Producer Countries

Conversely can offset world economic problems & effects of globalisation – Colombia

affects of drugs trade on consumer countries
Affects of Drugs Trade on Consumer Countries
  • 1988 6.6m US citizens using drugs once a week and 66m tried drugs – Bill Clinton
  • Rise in crime
  • Health problems
  • Money being spent on this and not other things
  • Subculture
  • In 2000 22,300 drug offenders in New York City
  • 800 UK citizens in jails abroad for drug smuggling
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Worldwide problem and not just 1 or 2 countries
  • Massive amounts of money involved
  • Geography vital
  • Poverty/globalisation – debt crisis
  • Massive affects on producer/transit/consumer countries