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The Beatles

The Beatles

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The Beatles

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  1. The Beatles

  2. Brian Epstein • Bob Wooler and My Bonnie by the Beatles • Pride in his ability • Decca, Brian Poole and the Tremeloes • Stu Sutcliffe dies

  3. George Martin and the Parlophone • June 1962, Beatles audition • Pete Best • Richard Starkey and Ringo

  4. The Heroes of Liverpool • Radio, television and tour appearances

  5. Beatlemania—American Style • Real Rock ‘n’ Roll was not exclusively American music • Ed Sullivan

  6. I Want to Hold Your Hand • Recorded in October 1963 • Opening a compendium of 50s Rock and Roll • First two musical phrases demonstrate this

  7. Beatlemania—American Style • Mass popularity in America • Top 5 April 4, 1964 • International popularity • Lifestyle • Drugs • Third tour to the United States

  8. The Middle Period: Experimentation

  9. Yesterday • Written January 1964 but recorded June 1965 • Pre-rock pop song • Melody develops from a short, simple riff • Six sections in AABABA pattern • 32-measure AABA form

  10. Yesterday • McCartney’s singing • Simple acoustic guitar accompaniment outlines a delicate eight-beat rhythm • String accompaniment updated • Gone is the nuclear rock band of 2 guitars, bass and drums • Stronger connection between words and music

  11. Rubber Soul Drive My Car

  12. Rubber Soul Drive My Car • Cinematic • Sexual tension • Humorous possibility • Accompaniment shows collaboration • McCartney, all the details in place

  13. Rubber Soul Drive My Car • Otis Redding’s Respect • No rhythm guitar • Only chorus has solid chords (heard on piano) • Sounds like soul music

  14. Yesterday andToday

  15. Revolver Eleanor Rigby

  16. Revolver Eleanor Rigby • Unprecedented topic • Broke sharply with pop song conventions • Detached delivery • Time passes, without apparent purpose

  17. Revolver Eleanor Rigby • Musical setting as bleak as the words • String octet (four violins, two violas, two cellos) • String sound is sparse

  18. Revolver Eleanor Rigby • Chord progressions emulate rock accompaniment • Static melody and harmony • Repetitive rhythm of accompaniment

  19. Revolver Eleanor Rigby • Pop becoming Art? • Classical-style string accompaniment • Comparable to Schubert’s art songs

  20. Penny Lane and Strawberry Fields

  21. The Later Beatles: Revolution

  22. Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band

  23. Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds • Verse creates dreamy state • Lyrics contain numerous psychedelic images (marmalade skies) • Music floats in waltz time

  24. Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds • Impression of a person in the middle of an acid trip • Chorus is straight-ahead Rock and Roll • Conveys normalcy

  25. A Day in the Life • Mundane vs. elevated consciousness • Music with words vs. instrumental

  26. A Day in the Life Four Scenes • Lennon’s response to a man who dies in his car while, Lennon suspects, he was tripping • Lennon attending a film • Lennon in modern life—work is mundane and competitive • Lennon’s commentary on counting potholes

  27. A Day in the Life • Starts with soloist and guitar • Other instruments layer • Juxtaposed to massive orchestral block of sound • Echoes of Pendercki’s Threnody for Victims of Hiroshima (1960)

  28. A Day in the Life • Well-known vs. obscure music • Tasteful drumming: inventive bass lines • Doubling of the tempo in the “Woke up” section • Trills on “Laugh” and “photograph” • Transition to the acid trip

  29. A Day in the Life • Melodic leap followed by trill blends seamlessly into orchestral texture • Final chord • An “OM” • Striking ending

  30. The White Album

  31. Abbey Road

  32. The “Death” of Paul and the Beatles Break-Up • Back masking • The Paul-is-Dead hoax • By 1970, it was clear that the Beatles were each going separate ways

  33. Summary • Their influence on the music is undeniable • Other influences • Hard mainstream rock, avant-garde rock, psychedelic rock, symphonic rock, and light-hearted rock

  34. Summary • No longer was Rock simply fun music; it was serious • Four directions • John Lennon in the 1970s • Superstitions • Beatlemania end?