SSgt Jason F. Seibel • 341 SSPTS/SFTC DSN: 7582 • COURSE: M4 TRQC • DATE: 23 N0v 04 04 • TIME: 0500 Hours 1. CLEAR WEAPONS AND PLACE ON TABLE WITH EJECTION PORT UP. 2. YOU MUST HAVE THE FOLLOWING EQUIPMENT WITH YOU IN THE CLASSROOM. - Working RED Lens Flashlight. - Gas Mask/Chem Gloves w/inserts - Web Gear/Flak Vest/Helmet/Ear Plugs - Cold/Wet Weather Gear if Needed.
Raise your hand if these apply • If you are pregnant, or think you may be • If you are on a profile or medication • If you feel ill, and need to go see a doctor • If you are off of PRP, or on the ‘Do Not Arm’ list • If you feel you’re not rested enough to handle a firearm • If you have consumed alcohol within the last 8 hours • If you are retiring or separating within the next 120 days • If you are PCSing within the next 90 days
AF Form 522 341 SSPTS/SFTC 632-6422 LEAVE BLANK You Sign Today’s Date LEAVE BLANK M4 TRQC LEAVE BLANK SSgt Jason F. Seibel LEAVE BLANK LEAVE BLANK
Overview • Documentation • Weapons Safety • Classroom Safety / Clearing Procedures • Arming, Use of Force, and ROE • Clearing Barrel Attendant Training • M4 Description • M4 Characteristics • M68 Close Combat Optic • CWDE Firing Techniques
Overview • Marksmanship Fundamentals • Rapid Fire • Automatic Fire • Disassemble / Inspection / Assemble • Operating Weapons at Night • Target Detection at Night • Principles of Night Vision
Target Engagement at Night Night Vision Equipment Immediate & Remedial Actions Marksmanship Fundamentals Course of Fire & Range Safety Briefing Overview
Weapons Safety • Treat all weapons as if they were loaded • Keep rifle pointed level & down range • Obey all range commands / Do not anticipate • If not sure of commands, ASK an Instructor • STOP shooting on “Cease Fire” command • This is your only warning. Failure to comply will be means for immediate dismissal
Weapons Safety • Identify your target and what is beyond it • Keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to engage the target • Always ensure to properly clear your weapon after completing a phase of fire • During reduced visibility phases of fire, clear your weapon with a flashlight
Classroom Safety • Don’t point your weapon at anyone in the classroom • Handle weapons only when told to do so • No HORSEPLAY of any kind • Don’t anticipate instructions • If you do not understand a set of instructions, ASK an instructor
Clearing Procedures • Attempt to place selector lever on safe • Remove magazine • Inspect chamber and upper receiver • Lock bolt to the rear if in forward position • Ensure your weapon is on safe
Overview • Clearing Barrel Attendant Responsibilities • Clearing Barrel Attendant Procedures • M16 Series • M9 • M203 • M240 • M249
Clearing Barrel Attendant Responsibilities • Ensure individuals desiring to clear weapons enter and exit the clearing zone only upon his or her direction • Ensure individuals proceed directly to the clearing barrel after receiving their weapon from the armorer • Ensure all personnel approach the clearing barrel with “shoulder weapons” are at PORT ARMS and pistols are at RAISED PISTOL
Clearing Barrel Attendant Responsibilities • Ensure individuals keep the muzzle of their weapon in the clearing barrel aiming point during all weapons loading and clearing procedures • Ensuring weapons, munitions and related equipment issued, are returned to the armorer NOTE SAFETY GLASSES ARE AVAILABLE BUT ARE NOT REQUIRED
Clearing Barrel Attendant Procedures • The clearing procedures for all weapons are posted on the wall behind the clearing barrel • When in doubt, LOOK UP • Ensure personnel stand by and wait for the order to “PROCEED” before entering the clearing area • Do not allow unauthorized personnel to walk through the clearing area while weapon clearing is in progress
Clearing Barrel Attendant Procedures • Ensure all weapons are CLEAR before allowing personnel to LOAD or TURN IN. • REMEMBER– AN UNAUTHORIZED DISCHARGE MAY FALL ON YOU AS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY – ENSURE THE WEAPON IS SAFE AND CLEAR
Proper Clearing Barrel Configuration RAISED PISTOL PORT ARMS
Proper Clearing Barrel Configuration CLEARING PROCEDURES FOR ALL WEAPONS CLEARING PROCEDURES
Conclusion • All information contained in this briefing is IAW AFMAN 31-229 Dated 12 May 2004
Arming, Use of Force, and Rules of Engagement
Overview • USAF Use of Force • Use of Force Policy • Special Considerations • Rules for the Use of Force • Rules of Engagement • Theater Specific ROE (OIF/OEF) • Scenarios
USAF Use of Force Policy • Reference AFI 31-207, “Arming and Use of Force by AF Personnel” • In cases warranting the use of force, you must use only that force reasonably necessary to reach your objective • You must base your use of force option on the actions of the individual with whom you are in contact
Special Considerationsfor the Use of Force • Persons who use excessive force may be subject to disciplinary action for violation of Article 92, of the UCMJ and LOAC • When possible give an order to “HALT” (in the local language) before firing a shot • Do not fire shots if they are likely to endanger innocent bystanders
Special Considerationsfor the Use of Force (con’t) • Under hostile attack in protection and recovery operations involving nuclear weapons or lethal chemical agents, the presence of innocent bystanders or hostages must not deter you from stopping the attack through all means at your disposal • When you fire a firearm, fire it with the intent of rendering the targeted person or persons incapable of continuing the activity or course of behavior that led you to shoot
Rules for the Use of Force • ESCALATION OF FORCE: When possible, use the following degrees of force against hostile actors: • SHOUT: Verbal warnings for “HALT” IN NATIVE LANGUAGE WHEN DEPLOYED • SHOVE: Physically restrain, block access, or detain • SHOW: Your weapon and demonstrate intent to use it • SHOOT: To remove the threat of death/serious bodily injury or to protect designated property
Rules of Engagement • Directives issued by competent military authority which delineate the circumstances and limitations under which United States forces will initiate, or continue combat engagement with other forces encountered • Self-defense is an inherent right • Rules of engagement differ from country to country based on the operation mission
Rules of Engagement • Reference CJCSI 3121.01A “Standing Rules of Engagement for US Forces” and AFMAN 10-100, “Airman’s Manual” • Command authorities issue ROE that describe circumstances and limitations for military operations • ROE are incorporated in every operations plan and operations order
Rules of Engagement • ROE ensure operations follow national policy goals, mission, requirements, and the rule of law • Understand, remember and apply the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC) and ROE • ROE questions and concerns are elevated up the chain of command for resolution • Failure to comply with ROE may be punishable IAW UCMJ
Rules of Engagment • In armed conflict, LOAC and ROE specifically tailored for each mission or area of responsibility (AOR) provide guidance on the use of force • US standing ROE is to implement guidance for use of force application in mission and self defense • Specific ROE are briefed in the AOR
Theater Specific ROE(OIF/OEF) • HOSTILE ACTORS: You may engage persons who commit hostile acts or show hostile intent with the minimum force necessary to counter the hostile act or demonstrated hostile intent and to protect US Forces • You may use force, up to and including deadly force, against hostile actors: • In self-defense • To protect others as designated • In defense of your unit, or other US Forces • To prevent the theft, damage, or destruction of firearms, explosives, ammunition, or property designated by your commander as vital to national security
ROE Scenario #1 • Scenario: While monitoring the flight line, you see an unidentified individual running toward one of the parked aircraft. He is carrying (what looks like) a large backpack. What should you do? What force are you authorized to use to stop the individual and protect the aircraft?
ROE Scenario #1 • Answer: You should use a graduated response (shout, shove, show, shoot) employing the minimum amount of force necessary to stop and detain the unidentified individual trespassing on the flight line. If the individual does not respond to shouting or showing your weapon, deadly force may be used to prevent him from sabotaging the parked aircraft (resource vital to national security).
ROE Scenario #2 • Scenario: While at the main gate, an angry mob of local nationals approaches. They are chanting anti-Western slogans and waving signs. They stop short of the base gate and appear content to demonstrate at a distance. What, if anything, should you do?
ROE Scenario #2 • Answer: Given the facts, there is no evidence the crowd intends to do anything other than demonstrate peacefully. This may be a good time to alert command and make sure local authorities are aware of the situation if things get out of hand. At this time, there is no need to exercise any level of force to disperse or otherwise control the crowd.
ROE Scenario #3 • Scenario: Same facts as Scenario #2, but suddenly the crowd stars forward toward your gate with the apparent intent to force their way onto the base. The crowd includes women and school aged children. Now, what do you do?
ROE Scenario #3 • Answer: Whenever faced with a situation requiring the use of force, if able, try to use a graduated response (shout, shove, show, shoot) to counter the threat. Time permitting, you should be able to disperse the crowd using non-lethal means without resorting to the use of deadly force. If riot control agents (RCA) are approved for use in your AO, they may be used to disperse the crowd.
Summary • USAF Use of Force • Use of Force Policy • Special Considerations • Rules for the Use of Force • Rules of Engagement • Theater Specific ROE (OIF/OEF) • Scenarios
M4 Description • Light Weight – 6.43 lbs. Unloaded w/o sling • 6.68 lbs Unloaded w/sling • 7.50 lbs Loaded w/o sling • 7.75 lbs. Loaded w/sling • Gas Operated • Air-Cooled • Magazine Fed • Shoulder Fired Weapon • Fired in Semi-Automatic or Three Rd Burst
M4 Description • Length – 33.0 inches w/buttstock extended • 29.75 inches w/buttstock closed • Barrel Length – 14.5 inches w/o compensator • 15.5 inches w/compensator • Rifling – 1 twist per 7 inches • Chamber pressure – 52,000 psi • Constructed of: Steel, Fiberglass/Nylon, Aluminum
M4 Characteristics • Muzzle Velocity – 2970 fps • Rates of Fire • Sustained – 12 to 15 rds per minute • Rapid (Semi) – 45 rds per minute • Rapid (Burst) – 90 rds per minute • Cyclic – 700 to 970 rds per minute • Maximum range – 3600 meters • Max. Effective range – Point Target – 500 meters Area Target – 600 meters
M4 Characteristics • - Buttstock • - Closed: Close Quarters Battle (CQB) • - ¼ Open: Use with Second Chance Vest AND Cold Weather Gear • - ¾ Open: Use with Second Chance Vest OR Cold Weather Gear • - Fully Open: Normal Operations • - Back Up Iron Sight (BUIS) • - Same as M16A2, EXCEPT for elevation knob
M68 Close Combat Optic • Reflex (non-telescopic) sight • Two eyes open method of sighting • No centering or focusing required BEYOND 50 METERS WITHIN 50 METERS BEYOND 50 METERS
M68 Close Combat Optic • - Anti-reflective coated lens system • - Length (sight): 4.9 inches • - Weight (sight): 6.2 ounces • - Weight (quick release): 3.5 ounces • - Battery Life: 75 to 500 hour average • - Dot Diameter: 3 MOA (Minute Of Angle) • 2.2 cm at 25M • 8.8 cm at 100M • 26.4 cm at 300M
M68 Close Combat Optic • - Torque Knob • - Mount • - Front Lens Cover • - Rear Lens Cover • - Rotary Switch (10 Positions: 1=Off, 2=Night, 3-10=Day) • - Electric Red Dot • - Battery Cap • - Battery
M68 Close Combat Optic ELEVATION/WINDAGE CAP & SCREW ROTARY SWITCH BATTERY CAP REAR LENS COVER FRONT LENS COVER
CWDE Firing Techniques • Vision/Stock Weld is impaired • Simple tasks become more difficult • Attempt to keep weapon sight vertical • Canting will change strike of bullet on target • Minimum effects at 75m or less • Greater distances require adjusted aiming point • All other fundamentals still apply
Rapid Fire Fundamentals • Rapid Fire • Used to engage multiple targets quickly • Provides suppressive fire • Some degree of accuracy will be sacrificed for speed • Magazine changes done quickly (3-5 seconds) to maintain fire superiority • Tactical situation will always determine the rate of fire
Burst Fire Fundamentals • Burst Fire • Used to gain initial fire superiority • Engage multiple targets at a close range • Usually only the first shot will hit the exact aiming point • Use support when possible, sandbags/bi-pods • Grip weapon firmly • Pull rifle tight into shoulder
Burst Fire Fundamentals • Rules Against Burst Fire • Ammo is in short supply • Engaging single targets when time allows for 1-2 well aimed shots • Engaging widely spaced multiple targets • Distance to single target is beyond 50 meters • Cannot fire from stable support • IF YOU DON’T NEED IT, DON’T USE IT