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How to make the World Aware that the Party is Over Kjell Aleklett Uppsala University Sweden International Workshop On Oil Depletion IWOOD2002 Uppsala, Sweden, May 23-25, 2002

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How to make the World

Aware that the Party is Over

Kjell Aleklett

Uppsala University


international workshop on oil depletion iwood2002
International Workshop On Oil DepletionIWOOD2002

Uppsala, Sweden, May 23-25, 2002

The ASPO Statistical Review of Oil and Gas:

Statement by Matthew Simmons, energy adviser for President Bush:  “We need a wake up call. We need it desperately. We need basically a new form of energy. I don’t know that there is one.”  (TV4, Sweden)



”Gated Eden”



”The fall of

the Empire”



needed for a good party
Needed for a good party

Good music

Plenty of food

Champagne, Champagne and Champagne

needed for a good energy party
Needed for a good energy party

Easy to move energy

Abundance without limits

Methods to transform bound energy into something useful

The name of the game has been oil!

how much energy is bound in oil
How much energy is bound in oil?

1 litre of oil contain 10 kWh

What can you do with 10 kWh?

You can move 10 small cars to the top of the Eiffel tower!

reported giant elephants from 1870 till 2000
Reported Giant Elephants from 1870 till 2000





About 70% of all oil we have discovered can be found in 371 giant oilfields,

the giant elephants.

opec s numbers according to oil gas journal
OPEC:s numbers according to Oil & Gas journal.

Production in the OPEC countries in the table is 6 Gb/year

middle east
Middle East

Difference between the Uppsala model and BP

Saudi Arabia 194,4 (261.8) Gb

Iraq 95.0 (112,5) Gb

Iran 70,5 (89,7) Gb

Kuwait 55,4 (96,5) Gb

N. Zone 8,45

Abu Dubai 59,4 (97,8) Gb

Oman 6,74 (5,5) Gb

Qatar 5,73 (5,5) Gb

Yemen 1,36 (4,0) Gb

Syria 2,01 (2,8) Gb

Sum 499 (676.1) Gb

It looks as 177 Gb oil is missing


Production and reserves

Oil & Gas J. 2001-12-31

back dating
Back dating
  • An oilfield contains what it contains because it was filled in the geological past
  • An oilfield is found by the first successful borehole drilled into it.
    • All the oil, ever to be produced from it under any circumstance, is logically attributable to the original discovery
  • Date is as important as Amount
predicting the future
Predicting the future

231 production wells



realety and illusion
Realety and Illusion




Inflexion due to

falling discovery

OPEC “quota war”


colin campbell
Colin Campbell

"Understanding depletion is simple. Think of an Irish pub. The glass starts full and ends empty. There are only so many more drinks to closing time. It’s the same with oil. We have to find the bar before we can drink what’s in it."

published estimates of ultimate recovery
Published Estimates of Ultimate recovery

Average of 65 estimates is 1.93 Tb

usa oil and usgs 2000
USA oil and USGS 2000

USGS numbers for USA year 2025:

F95 = 345 Gb

Mean = 362 Gb

F5 = 383 Gb

Dvs mean +/- 5%

world r p for oil and gas
World R/P for oil and gas

R/P is claiming that current reserves of 1000 Gb could support current production at 27 Gb/a for 37 years.

R/P is a poor indicator and should be ignored.

world conventional oil ultimate 1900 gb to date 2002 927 gb

Peak Discovery 1964

World - conventional oilUltimate : 1900 Gb To-date 2002: 927 Gb



High Prices

Curb Demand

h j longwell exxon mobil world energy vol 5 nr3 2002
H.J. Longwell, Exxon MobilWorld Energy Vol 5, Nr3, 2002

In closing, let me say that I believe industry has the resources to meet future global energy demand for some considerable time. I base this in part on my belief that technological advances will continue in exploration, development and production, just as they have in the past. This is the one major component in our success equation that we can control, and we must be relentless in its pursuit.

Such advances will be critical to meeting energy demand after 2010. I think it is well within the realm of possibility that many of our future discoveries will come not just from new frontier areas, but also from proven areas, as evolving technology improves our ability to virtually "see" and distinguish the oil and gas before we drill.


Norway: crude oil production of all fields including 2001 (52 Felder)




6 Gb + 3 Gb

17 Gb

Monthly data

1/99 - 10/02


Source: NPD

Professor Kenneth S DeffeyesPrincton University, USAHubbert’s Peak, The Impending World Oil Shortage

I have some advice for my granddaughter

Emma, age two:

“Learn something about thermodynamics.

By the time you reach retirement age the

world production of oil, the kind that’s fun

to drill for, will be down to a fifth of its

present size. Get into renewable energy.”


There is one bottle in Iraq and if we pore the content into four glasses each glass represent the global consumption per year.


From the beginning the nature had put two bottles in the ground in USA. They have just started to sip on the last glass.


If we have 11 bottles to empty and it takes 4 years to empty one everyone should be aware of the the party is over and that we need to do something!!!!


Aristoteles, 340“The Earth is round!”ASPO 2003, “We will have a peak and decline and we have to fight against the “flat earth” people”.