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History of Video Games By : H é ctor Mu ñ oz-Avila Sources : Gamespot.com investor.about.com emuunlim.com designboom.com Wikipedia my own Introduction Some ideas in the 1948 First video game: Tennis game in an Oscilloscope Space game on DEC-1 In between:

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history of video games

History of Video Games

By: Héctor Muñoz-Avila

  • Sources:
  • Gamespot.com
  • investor.about.com
  • emuunlim.com
  • designboom.com
  • Wikipedia
  • my own
introduction
Introduction
  • Some ideas in the 1948
  • First video game:
    • Tennis game in an Oscilloscope
    • Space game on DEC-1
  • In between:
    • Space Invaders: http://www.spaceinvaders.de/
  • Current videogames:
    • Half Life 2
chess origins
Chess Origins
  • 1769 Fake chess machine
  • 1952 Turing design a chess algorithm
  • 1956 Maniac versus Human
origins of some companies
Origins of Some Companies
  • 1889company create card game:
  • 1932 COLECO (short for Connecticut Leather Company
  • 1947 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering Company:
  • 1954 David Rosen makes machines for GI’s in Japan

Nintendo (“leave luck to heaven”)

Sony

(Service Games)

SEGA

other origins
Other Origins
  • 1951 Ralph Baer (@Loral) suggest adding game to TV
    • May be considered the inventor of video games
    • Only until 1967 he realized his dream of an “intereactive television”
  • 1952 A.S.Douglas (@Cambridge): Interactive Tic Tac Toe
  • 1958 Willy Higinbotham (@brookhaven national laboratory): Oscilloscope
other origins ii
Other Origins (II)
  • 1961 Steve Russell (@MIT) creates space war

“If I hadn't done it, someone would've done something equally exciting if not better in the next six months. I just happened to get there first.

- Steve Russell

space war legacy

1972 Noland Bushnell and Ted Dabney (@Nutting Associates)

1972

Space War Legacy

1971 Bill Pitts and Hugh Tuck formed Computer Recreations

Galaxy Game

Cost: $20K

Play cost: 10 cent

Built: dozens

Galaxy Game

Built: 1.5K

PONG

Built: 10K

“Breaks down”

early games
Early Games
  • Pong (http://www.apn.gr/pong.html)
  • 1972 Magnavox builds Odyssey
early stages 1976 1977
Early Stages: 1976-1977
  • COLECO builds TELSTAR
  • Cartridges are born (Fairchild Camera & Instrument: Channel F)
  • Atari bought by Warner Communications ($28M)
    • Atari releases first console (later known as Atari 2600)
early stages 1977 78
Early Stages 1977-78
  • Nintendo releases Othello (http://www.mattelothello.com/)
  • Taito creates Space Invaders!
    • Midway bought license
  • Apple and Atari release PCs
    • But Atari is seen as a gaming company
the golden age 1979 1981
The Golden Age 1979-1981
  • Atari releases Asteroids!
  • Frogger, Konami/Sega, 1981
  • Pac-Man, Bally/Midway, 1980
  • Donkey Kong, Nintendo, 1981
  • Namco releases Pac-Man, 1982 (+300K machines sold)
    • Own television show
  • US Army commissions Atari for a tank simulation game
    • Start of a long enduring activity (Lehigh included!)
  • Nintendo releases first console in 1981
  • http://www.tripletsandus.com/80s/80s_games/
the great crash 1982 1984
The Great Crash 1982-1984
  • The Commodore 64 PC is released
  • Coleco releases the Adam PC
  • Too many competitors small and large saturate the market
    • 1982 Warner Corp. stock fell 32% after Atari announces les-that-expected sells of consoles
    • Atari sold to Jack Tramiel (owner of Commodore)
    • New company: Atari Corp. pulls from Console market
  • Bright spot: Nintendo releases famicon does well in Japan
the return of the video games 1985 1988
The Return of the Video Games 1985-1988
  • Nintendo releases NES
    • Met with skepticism by market observers
    • Turns out to be an instant hit
    • Legend of Zelda
      • http://www.nintendoland.com/zelda/home.htm
  • Apple releases the Mac, Atari releases 520ST
    • Who won?
  • Tetris is released!
    • http://www.miniclip.com/tetris.htm
  • Coleco files for bankruptcy
  • 1985 MS releases Windows
  • PC as a gaming platform
the story continues
The Story Continues
  • 1989 Nintendo releases Gameboy, Sega releases Genesis
  • 1991 Nintendo releases SNES, Sega releases Sonic
  • 1993 32-bit consoles
    • Nintendo releases Mortal Combat!
  • 1999-2001 Playstation 2, Gamecube, Xbox
what s left
What’s Left?
  • PC Games
    • We will cover these in coming classes but by Genre:
      • FPS
      • RTS
      • RPG (including MMO)