Health Benefits of Yoga - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

benjamin
health benefits of yoga l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Health Benefits of Yoga PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Health Benefits of Yoga

play fullscreen
1 / 20
Download Presentation
Health Benefits of Yoga
931 Views
Download Presentation

Health Benefits of Yoga

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Health Benefits of Yoga Candace Martens February 16, 2006 PAS 645 Division of Physician Assistant Studies College of Health Science University of Kentucky

  2. Yoga • Sanskrit for “yoke” or “union” • Mind • Body • Spirit

  3. Elements of Yoga • Asanas – poses • Pranayama – breathing • Meditation • Kriyas – cleansing processes

  4. Brief History • Stone seals excavated from Indus Valley carbon date to 3000 BC • Vedas, ancient texts record Yogic teachings, 1800 – 300 BC • Pre-classical yoga • Buddhist – meditation and ethical thought • Jainism – “liberation of the spirit” • Hinduism – “physical purification process”

  5. Brief History, cont’d • Classical yoga – 2nd century AD • 8 paths to be memorized • Wisdom would be internalized • Post classical yoga – 1800 • The body should be treated as a temple • Physical fitness • Mental health

  6. Clinical Relevance • Complimentary and Alternative Medicine • Mind/body • Prevention • General health • Rehabilitation

  7. Health Benefits • Musculoskeletal System • Nervous System • Cardiovascular System

  8. Musculoskeletal System • Exercise • Increased muscle strength • Flexibility • Stable joints • Osteoarthritis • Osteoporosis

  9. Washington State University Research • Therapeutic intervention of cervical spondylosis • Degenerative disorder of cervical intervertebral discs • Nerve root irritation • Neck pain • Brachial neuralgia • Vertebro-basilar insufficiency

  10. Washington State University Research, cont’d • 102 patients, ages 18-60 • Pain assessment pre-therapy • 39% reported moderate pain • 60% reported severe pain • Performed specific asanas twice daily for 8 weeks • After 8 weeks re-assessment of pain • 100% patients reported NO pain

  11. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome • 42 patients with CTS • Randomized • Treatment group (22) • Control group (20) • 11 asanas, twice weekly for 8 weeks • Pre-and-post therapy grip strength, pain intensity, sleep disturbance, Phalen sign, Tinel sign, and median nerve motor and sensory conduction time were measured

  12. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome • Results • Yoga group showed significant improvement in grip strength, Phalen sign and a reduction in pain • Improvement was seen in other symptoms however, not significantly greater than control group

  13. Cardiovascular System • Cedars-Sinai Preventive and Rehabilitative Cardiac Center • Preventative • “Stress management techniques” • Rehabilitation • Integral yoga – Hatha yoga

  14. Hypertension • Two studies using head-down-body up postural exercises • Baroreceptor reflex • Carotid sinus • Short term blood pressure regulator • Negative “g” sensitizes baroreceptor

  15. Hypertension, cont’d • Pilot study on baroreceptor reflex • 20 male patients with essential hypertension • Patients discontinued drug therapy • Group I – tilt table • Group II – yoga poses

  16. Hypertension, cont’d • 30 minutes daily • 3 weeks • Assessment measuring • Blood pressure • Blood catecholamines • Plasma renin activity • Results • Significant reduction (P<0.001)

  17. Additional Benefits • Stress • Suppresses immune system • Cardiac risk factor • Insomnia • Asthma

  18. References • ABC of Yoga.Com. 2005. History of Yoga - A Complete Overview of the Yoga [online] http://www.abc-of-yoga.com/beginnersguide/yogahistory.asp • Adams, Jeanne. 2003. Exploring yoga to relieve menopausal symptoms. Holistic Nursing Practice. 17: 166-167. • American Yoga Association. 2005. General yoga information [online] http://www.americanyogaassociation.org/contents.html • Carpenter, Charles et al. 2004. CECIL Essentials of Medicine Sixth Edition. Philidelphia: W. B. Saunders Company. • Chabner, Davi-Ellen. 2001. The Language of Medicine, 6th Edition. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company. • Cohen, Lorenzo, et al. 2004. Psychological adjustment and sleep quality in a randomized trial of the effects of Tibetan yoga intervention in patients with lymphoma. Wiley InterScience 100/10: 2253-2260. • Collins, Clare. 1998. Yoga: intuition, preventive medicine and treatment. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecolic and Neonatal Nursing. 27: 563-568. • Dean, Sharon, et al. 2000. Time Life: Health and Wellness Handbook. Nashville: The Southwestern Company. • Garfinkel, Marian S. et al. 1998. Yoga-based intervention for carpal tunnel syndrome: a randomized trial. JAMA 280: 1601-1603. • Heriza, Nirmala. 2004. Dr. Yoga A Complete Program for Discovering the Head-to-Toe Health Benefits of Yoga. New York: Penguin Group Inc. • Jayasinghe, Satyajit R. 2004. Yoga in cardiac health. European Society of Cardiology 11:369-375. • Konar, D. et al. 2000. Cardiovascular response to head-down-body-up postural exercise (Sarvangasana). Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. 44:392-400.

  19. References • Kumar, Vinay, Abul K. Abbas, and Nelson Fausto. 2005. Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease, 7th Edition. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders. • Lalvani, Vilma. 2004. The Power of Yoga. New Jersey: Basic Health Publications, Inc. • Mamtani, Ravinder. 2005. Ayurveda and yoga in cardiovascular diseases. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc. 13: 155-162. • NCCAM: National Center for Complimentary and Alternative Medicine. 2005. Mind-Body Medicine: An Overview [online]. Maryland: NCCAM [cited 13 July 2005]. Available from World Wide Web: (http://www.nccam.nih.gov/health/backgrounds/mindbody.htm). • Raman, K and Blank, S.E. 2001. Yoga as a therapeutic intervention for cervical spondylosis. Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine. 33: S37. • Selvamuthy, W. et al. 1998. A new physiological approach to control essential hypertension. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. 42:205-213. • Smith, Patti. 2005. A Path to Wellness. Better Health and Living. 1: 18-19. • Tortora, Gerard J. 1999. Principles of Human Anatomy. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. • Vijayalakshmi, P. Et al. 2004. Modulation of stress induced by isometric handgrip test in hypertensive patients following yogic relaxation training. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. 44:392-400. • Widmaier, Eric P. et al. 2004. Human Physiology The Mechanisms of Body Function, Ninth edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Company, Inc. • Wikipedia. 2005. Swami Satchidananda [online]. (http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swami_Satchidananda) • Yoga Gets Hearts Healthy. 2004. Yoga and Meditation 3 Times a Week Improves Heart Disease Risk [online]. (http://www.webmd.com/content/Article/96/103877.htm)

  20. Thank you