Section A. Are Moral Values Objective? . 1. Morality Grounded in Unchanging Spiritual Forms: Plato 2. Moral Relativism: Sextus, Montaigne, and Mackie 3. The Case Against Moral Relativism: James Rachels. Optimist (objectivist) view of morality.. Objective: moral values are based on some spiritual component of the universe, which is independent of human activity.Absolute/eternal: they don\'t change.Universal: apply to all people..