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Energy Efficiency & New Technology Deployment in Indian Iron & Steel Sector S. K. Jain General Manager STEEL AUTHORITY OF INDIA LIMITED INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON INDUSTRIAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY – NEW DELHI SAIL Today A listed company, 86\% owned by GoI; one of the “Navratna” PSUs
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New Technology Deployment
Indian Iron & Steel Sector
S. K. Jain
STEEL AUTHORITY OF INDIA LIMITED
INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON INDUSTRIAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY – NEW DELHI
A listed company, 86% owned by GoI; one of the “Navratna” PSUs
Authorized Capital: Rs. 5000 Crore, Paid up capital: Rs 4130 Crore.
Largest Steel producer in India and 21st largest in the world (2008)
Highest ever turnover of Rs. 48,681 Crore in 2008-09 (equivalent to over $10 billion), 7% higher on YOY. (Rs. 20,481 Cr. in April-Sept. 09-10)
SAIL’s PBT was Rs 9,404 Crore and PAT of Rs.6,175 Crore in 2008-09 inspite of the economic downturn and higher input costs. (PBT Rs. 4529 Cr. & PAT Rs. 2994 Cr. in April- Sept. 09-10)
Highest PAT among all steel companies of the world in 1st half of January –June’09 (Rs. 2627 Crore)
Is the largest consumer of energy among all industrial sectors.
Consumes about 10% of total electricity and 27% of coal used by Indian industry.
Energy cost contributes nearly 30 – 35% of this sector’s production cost.
Coking coal accounts for 65 – 85% of primary source of energy.
Crude Steel Production 2004-05
Major steel plants & Energy Cons. level
Source: Joint Plant Committee, Govt. of India
Out dated technology in older plants set up in 60s and 70s
Inferior raw material quality
High alumina and high alumina & silica ratio in iron ore
High ash content in coking coal even after blending
Low rate of recycling
SAIL is the largest domestic steel player
India has emerged 3rd largest steel producer in the world in 9M ’09
Raw Material basin
Avail-ability of Iron Ore
USA / Canada
Other emerging Asian countries
Forecasted Growth rate 2005-15
Huge Potential for Demand
Growth factors for India
Abundant Iron Ore
Skilled Human Resources
Reserves 23 billion tonnes
Different projections for proposed capacity:
(In million tons)
India’s current population is - 1160 million
It is assumed that till 2051, population would be about : 1.4 bn.
Estimated Steel Production by 2020 = +200 MT
* - Also projected by National Steel Policy
Specific Energy Consumption for Steel Industry :
India: 6.9 GCal / tcs (07-08)
World: 4.5 GCal / tcs (2008)
Energy saving potential : 200x(6.9-4.5)
= + 484 million GCal / yr
To achieve this potential, Asia-Pacific partnership for clean development and climate has suggested adoption of Energy efficient “Best Available Technologies (BAT)” in
BOF/EAF Steel Making
Focus on reducing capital cost rather than being concerned about energy input
Difficulty in acquisition of energy-efficient technologies
Space constraints/retrofit ability problem in adoption of clean technologies in existing set up
There’s a little bit of SAIL in everybody’s life