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Critical Issues in Education. Course Notes Charlie Skipper Fall, 2005. Friday, Class 1. Plan of Action Introductions and Housekeeping Syllabus Review Create the Presentation Teams Paige Emerich – Technology and the Writing Process at EA Review Charlie’s Questions/Add Others

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critical issues in education

Critical Issues in Education

Course Notes

Charlie Skipper

Fall, 2005

friday class 1
Friday, Class 1
  • Plan of Action
    • Introductions and Housekeeping
    • Syllabus Review
    • Create the Presentation Teams
    • Paige Emerich – Technology and the Writing Process at EA
    • Review Charlie’s Questions/Add Others
    • What is Unassailably True about Education?
    • Curing Presentism – Roots in Education
      • Philosophy and History
focusing questions
Focusing Questions
  • What is unassailably true about education?
  • What is the problem of presentism and why is it so pervasive?
roots in education
Roots in Education
  • Education – Educere (to draw or bring out) v Educare (to train or bring up)
  • Historical Overview
    • Pre-Greek
    • Greek Models – Socrates then Academies
    • Church and Monasteries
    • Middle Ages and Universities
    • Pre-University Education Until French Revolution
roots in education1
Roots in Education
  • Elements pre-French Revolution
    • Elite
    • Religious
    • Tutors
  • Post-French Revolution
    • European Model – Meritocracy, State-Sponsored Education to Secular Ends, Harkens to Chinese Civil Service approach of national testing to privileged education
roots in education2
Roots in Education
  • Post-American Revolution
    • Traditional
      • New England and Schools to learn to read bible
      • Southern tutors to train the elite for admission to universities
    • Thomas Jefferson and Horace Mann
      • TJ – Public education required for a democracy
      • Mann – Public education required for the workplace
roots in education3
Roots in Education
  • Industrial Revolution, Romanticism and Child Labor
    • Education comes to be seen as something other than an elite privilege
    • In the US, due to immigration, education comes to be seen as a mechanism for assimilation – tool of the melting pot
    • Labor gets organized and wants to move children out of the labor force
    • Romanticism and reformers seek to improve the lot of all, including children, and horror stories like those of Charles Dickens led to child labor laws AND a need for a place for children to be
roots in education4
Roots in Education
  • Public Schools, by the latter half of the 19th century, become the place that children should be.
  • 1st Curriculums based on elite notions of what a person should learn
  • African America divides on the question of education
    • Booker T. Washington – Vocational Ed
    • W.E.B. Dubois – Elite Education
roots in education5
Roots in Education
  • Work of John Dewey and Progressive Education
    • Students should be actively engaged in their learning
    • Students learn best when they study subjects or ideas related to their lives and world
    • Rejection of classical and elite model of learning
roots in education6
Roots in Education
  • Rise of Business Models and Interest in a “Trained Workforce”
    • Efficiency and effectiveness studies from Taylor’s work were applied to school settings
    • Schools as factories – students as products of managerial processes
    • Role of school is to rationalize the process of creating good workers
roots in education7
Roots in Education
  • The Great Depression Undermined much of the business orientation and outcomes focus – Why?
  • Rise of Professionalization of the Field
    • Accreditation of Schools
    • Ending Normal Schools and Rise of Required Degrees
    • Growth of Education Schools and Licensure