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Chapter 10. Maintaining Appropriate Behavior. Chapter 10 Key Points. Children Moving follows a positive approach, employing techniques that: Create appropriate behavior Reduce inappropriate behavior

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chapter 10

Chapter 10

Maintaining Appropriate Behavior

chapter 10 key points
Chapter 10 Key Points
  • Children Moving follows a positive approach, employing techniques that:
      • Create appropriate behavior
      • Reduce inappropriate behavior
  • Siedentop (1991) defines appropriate behavior as positive behavior that is consistent with the educational goals of a specific education setting
chapter 10 key points3
Chapter 10 Key Points
  • Despite effective managerial and instructional task systems, some children have difficulty adhering to behavioral boundaries established
  • When inappropriate behavior occurs, teachers should examine:
    • His/her own behavior
    • Appropriateness of lesson
    • His/her own performance as teacher
  • Children like teachers who are fair, consistent, accurate and unemotionally involved
chapter 10 key points4
Chapter 10 Key Points
  • Six techniques for increasing appropriate behaviors:
    • Proactive Strategies (3) increase the likelihood that appropriate behavior will continue
    • Reactive Strategies(3) are used after the inappropriate behavior has occurred
six techniques to increase appropriate behavior
Six Techniques to Increase Appropriate Behavior
  • Proactive Techniques
    • Positive interaction: verbal and nonverbal interaction
    • Eliminating differential treatment: not singling out children with a reprimand each time they display inappropriate behavior
    • Prompting: reminding students what is expected of them
  • Reactive Techniques
    • Ignoring inappropriate behavior: when it is of short duration, a minor deviation, reacting to it would cause interruption
    • Nonverbal teacher interactions: simple nonverbal techniques, such as close physical proximity, borrowing equipment, eye contact, simple signal
    • Person‑to‑person dialogue: talking with student outside of physical education class
chapter 10 key points6
Chapter 10 Key Points
  • Techniques for decreasing inappropriate behaviors
    • Employed when strategies for increasing appropriate behavior do not work
    • Should always be accompanied by techniques to increase appropriate behavior
techniques to decrease inappropriate behavior
Techniques to Decrease Inappropriate Behavior
  • Desists: a verbal statement that tells a child to stop doing something
  • Time‑outs: withdrawals from class for a specified amount of time
  • Planning time: resolving conflicts with another person
  • Behavior contracts: formal agreement between teacher and student
  • Letters to parents: listing specific violations
  • Involving the principal: as a last resort
techniques for maintaining appropriate behavior in entire classes
Techniques for Maintaining Appropriate Behavior in Entire Classes
  • Incorporating a system for developing student responsibility—Hellison’s Social Responsibility Model
  • Class rewards—class as a whole can earn rewards for abiding by class rules
  • Token systems—rewards desirable behavior by giving tokens that can be exchanged for various rewards
  • Behavior games—teaching appropriate behavior via a game
chapter 10 key points9
Chapter 10 Key Points
  • The Social Responsibility Model in Physical Education (Hellison)
    • Focuses on empowering students to
      • take responsibility for their own bodies and lives
      • be sensitive to right, feelings and needs of others
    • Is a philosophical approach to teaching, focusing on creating personal and social responsibility through physical activity
other teaching skills that promote a positive learning environment
Other Teaching Skills that Promote a Positive Learning Environment
  • Move throughout the class in an unpredictable pattern
  • Scan the class frequently
  • Be seen and heard by all children
  • Provide clear, concise directions
  • Check for understanding
  • Maintain with-it-ness
  • Practice overlapping
  • Avoid dangles
  • Avoid flipflopping
  • Use targeting