Ch. 1 – Rethinking Computers and Instruction Hl 311 Conceptions of Technology
b.Tutorials; attempts to teach the learner new info.; ranges from simple to complex strategies which allows for branching and adaptation to individual differences.c.Educational games; provide an interesting theme, are often variations of drill-and-practice software, sometimes adding a time variable.
Computers are used differently in the workplace than they are used in the schools. Computers are used as a tool to solve problems in the work-place; applications include spreadsheets, databases, word-processing, graphic programs, desktop publishing tools, e-mail, the Internet, etc…
The NTeQ model involves 10 steps for creating a lesson that integrates technology into the classroom
4.Data Manipulation: the teacher plans/decides how the student will manipulate the data they’ve gathered through observation/experimentation/Internet research, etc…; this decision directly relates to the computer functions and objectives
5. Results Presentation: the teacher plans/decides how the students will present the knowledge they’ve gained through observation/experimentation/Internet research, etc…; written/oral reports, newspapers/magazines, posters, web pages, books, PowerPoint presentations, etc…
6. Activities During Computer Use: the teacher plans/decides what activities the students will complete at the computer; have clear expectations of how the students will use the technology
7. Activities Before Computer Use: the teacher plans/decides the activities the students need to complete to make the computer time efficient and effective
8. Activities After Computer Use: this step needs to engage students in reflective, higher-level thinking about the data they have collected and manipulated; the teacher should develop questions and a plan for encouraging the students to reflect and analyze (ex. – Think Sheet)
9. Supporting Activities: these are activities that do not require the use of the computer but are essential to the lesson; silent reading, group discussion, teacher-led discussion, use of manipulatives, etc…
10. Assessment: alternative (authentic) types of assessments may be needed for integrated lessons; paper-and-pencil (traditional) types of assessment may not be adequate to assess student’s learning when integrating computer technology into the lesson.
Teacher – need to experience using the computer as a tool, need to understand the relationship between basic computer functions and student learning, and need to use their knowledge of student learning and technology to take on the role of the designer, manager, & facilitator of a student-centered environment
Student – actively engages in the learning process, acts as researcher, & become technologically competent
Computer – used as a TOOL to enhance learning, uses real-world data to solve problems; the computer is not the point of emphasis
Lesson– student-centered, problem-based, technology is integrated; NTeQ model is not intended for EVERY lesson
Environment – classroom consists of multiple, resource-rich activitiesNTeQ Philosophy
Five Basic Components:
Teacher’s must address 2 types of standards while planning and teaching.