Career Advisement …Adult Career Pathways System Zelda Rogers Director, Adult Education ACE Conference
Welcome: The CareerDevelopment Process! • This session • Learn about high priority goal for adult education • Adult Career Pathways • An overview of the career development process and resources for you and your students.
New Goal for Adult Education • Increase the number of students prepared to enter and complete postsecondary education with a certificate, industry certification, or degree.
Building Adult Career Pathways for Postsecondary Transitions • Improve student transitions from developmental education, ABE, AHS, GED, and English literacy, to credit-bearing postsecondary programs particularly for the low-skilled adult workers. • Students move seamlessly from adult education into postsecondary education and training programs. • AND NOT HAVE TO TAKE REMEDIAL COURSES • Every adult education student will have a career plan that includes an adult career pathway
Earn Postsecondary Degree (BS, AS, AAS, AA, CTE Certification) CAREER LADDER CAREER LADDER Earn RNP Earn RNP EXIT EXIT Earn RN Earn RN EXIT EXIT Earn LPN Earn LPN EXIT EXIT Earn GED Diploma Earn Standard High School Diploma Earn CNA Certificate Earn CNA Certificate EXIT EXIT Enroll in CTE program CNA Enroll in GED Prep course Enroll in an Adult High School Enroll in CTE program CNA Applied Academics (VPI) Applied Academics (VPI) Adult Career Pathway Example Pre-GED 6.0 – 8.9 CAREER PLANNING COURSE (Student Career Plan)
Why Adult Career Pathways? • Adult career pathway systems are road maps that put students on the fast track to higher learning and higher earning
What are Adult Career Pathways? • Designed to enable adults with limited basic or English language skills to progress as quickly as possible through the continuum of education and training they need to reach their goals • Aligns adult education, postsecondary education and training, workforce development programs, supportive services and economic development programs
What are Adult Career Pathways? • Each step on a career pathway is designed to prepare the participant for the next level of employment and education • Adults have access to significant counseling and support services – including assistance in developing career plans and especially at points of transition
Why Focus on Postsecondary Transitions? • Projections that by 2018 almost 59% of Florida jobs will require some level of postsecondary education* • Adult Education students are the future workforce and postsecondary systems’ next students – • Adult education is one of the building blocks of Florida’s economic and workforce development efforts *Georgetown University Center on Education and Workforce
Overview…Development of Workforce Supply • Education forms foundation for workforce development • Workforce development drives economic growth • Workforce supply must meet business needs • Education and workforce systems must be connected • “Pipeline” of workforce supply takes years to grow • High Wage/ High Growth industries fuel economic growth
Levels of education for Florida residents, ages 25-64 • Less than ninth grade 4.2% • Ninth to 12th grade, no diploma 8.2 • High school graduate (including GED) 29% • Some college, no degree 21.8% • Associate degree 9.7% • Bachelor’s degree 18.2% • Graduate or professional degree 8.9% Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008 American Community Survey
NRS Follow-up Outcomes, 2008-09 N=8,439 N=5,170 N=16,198 N=5,363
What Outcomes Will We See? • Increased retention and persistence • Increased number of AE students that enter and complete at least one year postsecondary education • Reduced number of AE students that need remedial college prep classes • Increased number of prepared workers in the workplace
Adding the Career Planning Component to the classroom • Career Information Delivery System – Florida CHOICES • Motivate students to set goals and plan for the future • Career exploration • Orientation to career clusters/career pathways • Develop a career plan and select a career pathway plan
Today Success Requires Academic Skills & Career Direction
Career development is the Adult student’s job! No one can do it for the student. No one sees through the student’s eyes. No one feels as the student does. No one knows what the student really wants… EXCEPT THE STUDENT!!!
Career Coaches – Analogy of a Road trip and your role • Coach is passenger on this road trip • You consult map & directions • Listen to driver’s needs • Keep driver awake so he doesn’t fall asleep -Tunes the radio
Career Development Basics Not the role of teachers or counselors to tell students what they should or should not do. Role is to help them make the best decision they can. Help students make the best career decision they can based on what they know “now” about themselves & the world of work. If this is a good decision, the next decision will be even better.
Decision points for adding career development component to AE Programs • When will students participate in activities designed to help them identify several career options. • Orientation/Intake • Integrated into program/course • Establish when and how students will participate in activities that allow them to verify these choices, using the results to develop postsecondary plans. • Who will offer career advisement – counselor, teacher, transition specialist, volunteer
Definitions • Career development - on-going, lifelong process and you may re-cycle through various stages at different times in your life. • Career plan- A document (folder or electronic) for students to record their development in the areas of: • • self-knowledge (interests, values, aptitudes) • • career exploration (identify career cluster/career pathway • • career and education goals
Definitions Career portfolio - A repository (folder, electronic) for samples of student work/credentials; i.e., resume, test scores, awards, transcripts, recommendation letters. Career Planning process can help to motivate students to achieve high standards and to succeed in their adult and work life.
Career Management Skills • Can identify their values, skills, interests, passions, and goals • Can make connections with their self-knowledge • Have interpersonal communication skills • Have adequate self-esteem to take charge of their career planning and decision-making
Benefits of Career Development • Education and training errors cost: • Not choosing education and training that match abilities • Choosing areas in which interest and motivation are lost
Benefits of Career Development • 40% of earning power is explained through conventional measures (education, gender, parents’ education). • 60% is explained by motivation and personal characteristics (individual ability to manage, develop and use own talents).
Who needs Career Development? satisfied dissatisfied beginning continuing
HOW DOES ONE BEGIN THE PROCESS OF CAREER DEVELOPMENT? SOCIAL WORK ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT T E A C H C O M P U T E R S SUPERVISION SERVICE TECH
Career Planning • Who am I? • Where am I going? • How do I get there?
Career Exploration & Planning • Motivation to start • Self-exploration • Career exploration • Decision-making • Career planning action plan • Review & evaluate action plan
1. Motivation to Start Risk Taking Either you let your life slip away by not doing the things you want to do, or you get up and do them! -- R. von Gech Encourage the student to explore and to be assertive in planning his/her life
One right choice Too many or no interests Lack of skills Family responsibilities No options
2. Self-Exploration • Facilitate the exploration of: • Interests • Abilities • Values • Reflect on: • Personality • Preferences • Personal Needs • Family Influences
LIFE IS LIKE A TEN-SPEED BICYCLE MOST OF US HAVE GEARS THAT WE NEVER USE!
abilities values Knowledge of world of work work experience interests who am I
Self-AssessmentValues - What is important to you? • Most people who are in occupations that are compatible with their values feel successful. If people complain that "something is missing" from their jobs, it may be that they are not respecting/considering their values. • Is it important to you to help society and make a difference in peoples' lives? • Do you want a career that offers recognition, status, and independence? • Is living by the ocean and having free-time not a hope but a necessity?
Self-AssessmentInterests - What do you enjoy doing? • Working full-time, you may work over 2,000 hours per year. Wouldn’t you prefer to spend your time doing something you enjoy? • Imagine what your ideal work day would look like: • Do you prefer to work with people, data, things, or ideas? • Do you want to use your creative talents and work in an artistic environment? • Do you prefer tasks that require attention to detail and accuracy, and you can imagine yourself in an office environment?
Self-AssessmentSkills - What do you do well? • To determine your skills, explore your past jobs, volunteer positions, academic history, and personal activities. • Do not underestimate your skills - you probably have more than you realize! • For instance, if you ever worked in a restaurant, you may have developed strong customer service skills, the ability to work well under pressure, and impressive sales skills. These are all excellent transferable skills that many employers want in an employee.
Self-AssessmentSkills – Choices Planner • A brief Skills Inventory is available in Florida CHOICES • Research career and recreational information that matches your selected skills. • This on-line program offers a Transferable Work Content Skills checklist which groups skills into 25 clusters.
Self-AssessmentPersonality - Who are you now? • Personality is a key element in determining your satisfaction and success in an occupation. Your personality defines your preference for characteristics of a specific work environment. • Are you always “on-the-go” and prefer a fast-paced environment? Or do you prefer to work more methodically and don’t like a lot of surprises? • You will excel in environments that are compatible with your personality, so consider and be honest about who you are now, as opposed to who you think you “should” be.
Self-AssessmentPersonality • Keirsey Temperament Sorter II • www.keirsey.com/default.aspx Take this 71 question, on-line personality questionnaire to identify potential careers. • Personality type is just one factor to consider when selecting a career. Keep in mind that all “Types” are found in all occupations!
Values • Creativity • Economic Security • Recognition • Earnings • Independence • Responsibility • Variety • Working with people
3. Career Exploration • Once you have clarified your interests, values, skills and personality type, you have a better awareness of yourself. • The next step would be researching careers of interest. What are the job responsibilities, salary, educational requirements, and future outlook of potential careers?
Job Characteristics Employment Outlook Work Setting Work Hours Supervision of Others Unusual Pressure Risk of Physical Danger Travel Income Physical Strength Physical Capabilities Educational Level
CAREER EXPLORATION CAN GENERATE MANY OPTIONS
17 Career Clusters Energy (Florida)
What are Career Clusters? • Career Clusters are groupings of occupations and industries. • Organizes the occupations, within each cluster, into pathways that group the cluster occupations based on commonalities. • These groupings are used as an organizing tool for curriculum design. • Used as a career guidance tool
Cluster Pathways Occupations
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