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Canadian Culture (A Quick Look). By Cathy Chang. Background Information (1). Canada's culture - influenced by European culture and traditions, especially British and French A country composed mainly of immigrants Themes and Symbols : pioneers , trappers , and traders

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Canadian Culture (A Quick Look)


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    1. Canadian Culture(A Quick Look) By Cathy Chang

    2. Background Information (1) • Canada's culture - influenced by European culture and traditions, especially British and French • A country composed mainly of immigrants • Themes and Symbols: pioneers, trappers, and traders • Official symbols – maple leaf, beaver, and the Canadian horse • Jacques Viger (first mayor of Montreal): "the king of our forest; ... the symbol of the Canadian people." • Louis XIV: sent horses to Canada (late 17th century) • in connection with images of red-coated Mounties

    3. Background Information (2) • Ethnic groups: Anglophone 28%, Francophone 23%, other European 15%, Asian/Arab/African 6%, indigenous Amerindian 2%, mixed background 26% • Languages: English, French • "Canada" comes from the Huron and Iroquois word "Kanata" meaning "village"

    4. Quick Facts • Canada's birthday is on the first of July (1867) • Canada is the second largest country in the world (9,971,000 square kilometres of land) • there are six time zones • Canada is in the top five producers of natural gas, copper, zinc, nickel, aluminum, and gold • Canada has the fourth lowest population density in the world with only three people per square kilometer • Motto - "From sea to sea" • Hockey is the national sport of Canada

    5. Territories and Provinces • Provinces (10) - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan • Territories (3) - Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon • A province receives relatively greater power and authority directly from the Crown, whereas territories derive their mandates from the federal government

    6. 10 Provinces

    7. Alberta • Alberta was named after Princess Louise Caroline Alberta of Britain • Capital city – Edmonton • Alberta's motto - "strong and free" • It is known as Canada's "energy province" • Immigrants - Britain, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, the East and Southeast Asia • It is the main producer of coal, oil and natural gas in Canada

    8. British Columbia • Capital city – Victoria on Vancouver Island • Motto - "Splendour without diminishment" • Immigrants - from Britain, Western Europe, East and Southeast Asia, Bangladesh, and Pakistan • B.C. has the largest Chinese community in Canada • Largest industry - Forestry • B.C. has the largest fishing industry in Canada

    9. Manitoba • It is located in the center of Canada • "Manitoba" - a Cree name meaning "the place where the spirit (manitou) speaks" • Capital city – Winnipeg • Motto-"Glorious and Free" • Manitoba is home to many native peoples • Immigrants - Britain, Europe, Europe, East and Southeast Asia • Manitoba - the land of 100,000 lakes • Important industry - Hydro-electric power

    10. New Brunswick • Capital city – Fredericton • It is the third-smallest province • Motto - "Hope was restored" • Many people are of French, British, Scottish and Irish origin • N.B. - the main producer of lead, zinc, copper, and bismuth • Main industry is forestry • Paper, newspaper, magazines, tissue, wooden doors and windows • Main crop - potatoes

    11. Newfoundland and Labrador • Capital city - St. John's • Motto - "Seek ye first the Kingdom of God" • People live in small fishing villages near the coast • Immigrants - Britain, Western Europe, East and Southeast Asian • Nfld. is the main producer of iron ore • Main exports - oil, fish products, newsprint, iron ore and electricity

    12. Novo Scotia • Capital city - Halifax • Halifax is an international seaport and transportation center • "Nova Scotia" means "New Scotland" in Latin • Motto: “One defends and the other conquers” • Immigrants - Britain, Western Europe, and Southern Europe • N.S. - Canada's oldest African-Canadian community • Major industries - Coal mining and fishing/fish processing (now less)

    13. Ontario • Capital city – Toronto • Toronto has a large financial district and the stock exchange • Ottawa - the capital of Canada is in southern Ontario • The Iroquoians - Ontario = "Kanadario" = "sparkling water" • Motto - "Loyal she began, loyal she remains“ • Immigrants - Italian, German, Chinese, Portuguese, Indian, Polish and Caribbean origin • Niagara Falls • Main producer - nickel, cobalt, salt, and magnesium • Leading producer of fruit and vegetables

    14. Prince Edward Island • It is the smallest province • Capital city – Charlottetown • The "birthplace of Canada" where leaders met in 1864 to discuss the formation of the country • Named "Prince Edward" in honor of the father of Queen Victoria in 1799 • Motto: "the small under the protection of the great" • About 75 percent are of Scottish and Irish origin • Red soil - made of red sandstone • Largest industry – agriculture • Second largest industry – tourism • Third largest industry - fishing

    15. Quebec • The largest province • Capital city - Quebec City • Quebec - a French-speaking province • Algonquin - Quebec = "Kebe" = "the place where the river narrows“ • Motto - "Je me souviens" = "I remember" • Montreal - 67% mother tongue is French • Immigrants - France, Britain, Southern Europe, and East and Southeast Asia • Largest industry - dairy • Main producer of maple syrup

    16. Saskatchewan • Capital city – Regina • Motto: "From many peoples strength“ • Immigrants - Germany, Ukraine, Scandinavia, Poland, Russia, Britain, France • Wheat crop - over 54 percent • Leading exporter of potash ( fertilizer )

    17. 3 Territories

    18. Northwest Territories • Second-largest • Population - Almost half are aboriginal (Dene, Inuvialuit and Metis) • Capital city – Yellowknife • Hunts and Traps - beaver, lynx, fox, marten, muskrat, polar bear • Tourism - people come to see the wildlife and natural beauty

    19. Nunavut • The largest territory and has one-fifth of the land in Canada • Capital city – Iqaluit • Canada's most northern capital • Motto - Nunavut, our strength • Nunavut means our land • Population – 85% are the Inuit, the aborigines • The land and water are frozen most of the year • Tourism: People come to fish, hike, camp, hunt, to see the  wildlife

    20. Yukon • The smallest territory • Capital city – Whitehorse • Yukon = Great River • Mount Logan - the highest mountain in Canada (6000 m.) • Tourism - People visit the Yukon to hike, raft, camp, rock climb, fish, see wildlife, and hunt • The largest industry - mining (gold, lead, zinc and silver)

    21. Inventions and Discoveries • Cirque du Soleil (Clip 1) • Montréal: first home for circus arts education in Canada more than 25 years ago • National Circus School at TOHU (La Cité des Arts du Cirque) • Superman - created by Canadian Joe Shuster • Chocolate bars - in 1910, Arthur Ganong and George Ensor, factory superintendents, wanted to take chocolate along with them on fishing trips so they created nut-bars • Insulin - In 1923, Frederick Banting, a Canadian medical student was awarded the Nobel Prize for discovering a successful method of extracting the hormone from the organ • Basketball - invented by James Naismith in 1891, in the city of Montréal, Quebec

    22. Compose 組成,構成 Theme 論題,話題,題目 Symbol 象徵,標誌 Pioneers 拓荒者 Traders 商人 Trappers 設陷阱捕獸者 Ethnic 種族 Producers 生產者,製造者 Natural gas 天然瓦斯 Coal 煤 Copper 銅 Lead 鉛 Zinc 鋅 Nickel 鎳 Aluminum 鋁 Iron Ore鐵礦石 Bismuth 鉍 Dairy 牛奶及乳品業 Potash (工農業上用的)鉀;鉀化合物 Density 密集(度),稠密(度) Motto 座右銘;格言;訓言 Hockey 曲棍球 Provinces 省,州 Territories 未正式成為省的地區 Derive 衍生出,導出 Mandates 命令,指令 Federal 聯邦(制)的 Splendor 壯麗;壯觀 Diminish 縮減,失勢,被貶低 Forestry 林業 Industry 工業;企業;行業 Glorious 榮耀的;輝煌的 Hydro-electric 水力電氣的 Crop 一熟,一次收穫(量),收成 Agriculture 農業 Exporter 出口商 Insulin 胰島素 Vocabulary

    23. References • Culture Online: Made in Canada • http://www.culture.ca/english.jsp • Culture of Canada • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Canada • Canadian Culture • http://www.vec.ca/english/2/culture.cfm • Get the facts about…Canada • http://www.saskschools.ca/~gregory/canada/facts.html