Unit #1: Foundations of Government - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Unit #1: Foundations of Government

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  1. Unit #1: Foundations of Government THE STUDY OF GOVERNMENT AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

  2. 1. Why Study Government? • Government affects many aspects of our lives • Government decisions ( public policy & Nation Security policy ) touches almost every aspect of our lives… • The role of government has changed dramatically over the last 70-80 years • 1935, only 4% of the population paid any income tax • That 4% paid only 4% of their income AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

  3. 1. Enduring Political Questions • What is political power? • Who has (should have) the power ? • Who is the most fit to exercise power? • What persons, groups, or organizations truly exercise political power today? • How much power should government be given? • What limits should be placed on government? • What ultimate ends do (should) governments serve? • What “greater good” is government set up for? • Aristotle: governments should exist for some higher good. • What kinds of public policies should government adopt to achieve this greater good? AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

  4. 2. The Study Government • Aristotle… • Plato… • Philosopher-Kings • The Republic Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School

  5. 2. Theories of Government • Machiavelli… • The Prince… • “The ends justify the means” • John Locke… • Natural Rights… • “Life, Liberty, and property” AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

  6. 2. Theories of Government • “The government that governs least governs best“ • Thomas Jefferson • But what is government itself but the greatest of all reflections on human nature? If all men were angels, no government would be necessary. • James Madison, Federalist #51 AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

  7. Who Governs? AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School