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Unit #1: Foundations of Government THE STUDY OF GOVERNMENT 1. Why Study Government? Government affects many aspects of our lives Government decisions ( public policy & Nation Security policy ) touches almost every aspect of our lives…

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unit 1 foundations of government

Unit #1: Foundations of Government

THE STUDY OF GOVERNMENT

AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

1 why study government
1. Why Study Government?
  • Government affects many aspects of our lives
    • Government decisions ( public policy & Nation Security policy ) touches almost every aspect of our lives…
    • The role of government has changed dramatically over the last 70-80 years
      • 1935, only 4% of the population paid any income tax
      • That 4% paid only 4% of their income

AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

1 enduring political questions
1. Enduring Political Questions
  • What is political power?
  • Who has (should have) the power ?
    • Who is the most fit to exercise power?
    • What persons, groups, or organizations truly exercise political power today?
    • How much power should government be given?
    • What limits should be placed on government?
  • What ultimate ends do (should) governments serve?
    • What “greater good” is government set up for?
      • Aristotle: governments should exist for some higher good.
    • What kinds of public policies should government adopt to achieve this greater good?

AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

2 the study government
2. The Study Government
  • Aristotle…
  • Plato…
    • Philosopher-Kings
    • The Republic

Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School

2 theories of government
2. Theories of Government
  • Machiavelli…
    • The Prince…
    • “The ends justify the means”
  • John Locke…
    • Natural Rights…
    • “Life, Liberty, and property”

AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

2 theories of government6
2. Theories of Government
  • “The government that governs least governs best“
        • Thomas Jefferson
  • But what is government itself but the greatest of all reflections on human nature? If all men were angels, no government would be necessary.
        • James Madison, Federalist #51

AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

who governs

Who Governs?

AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School