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Effects of Medicine Ball Training on Fitness Performance of High School Physical Education Students. Avery D. Faigenbaum Patrick Mediate Liberty Woodruff 14 December 2007. Background.

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effects of medicine ball training on fitness performance of high school physical education students

Effects of Medicine Ball Training on Fitness Performance of High School Physical Education Students

Avery D. FaigenbaumPatrick Mediate

Liberty Woodruff

14 December 2007

background
Background
  • High school students need to participate regularly in physical activities that enhance and maintain their cardiovascular and musculoskeletal health
  • Physical Education classes
  • Resistance Training
purpose of this study
Purpose of this study:
  • To examine the effects of medicine ball training on the fitness performance of high-school physical education students
subjects and setting
Subjects and Setting:
  • Setting: New England City high school
  • 118 students:

-69 subjects (42 male, 27 female) participated

-49 subjects (35 male, 14 female) acted as controls

  • Age 15-16
methods
Methods:

Tested Fitness Levels

  • Flexibility: sit and reach
  • Lower body power: standing long jump
  • Abdominal strength: medicine ball abdominal curl
  • Upper body strength: medicine ball push up
  • Upper body power: medicine ball toss
  • Speed & agility: medicine ball shuttle run
methods cont
Methods cont.

Medicine Ball Training Program

  • Exercise group trained twice per week on nonconsecutive days for 6 weeks
  • Took place first 10-15 mins of regular P.E. class
  • P.E. specialist demonstrated proper medicine ball training every class
training sessions
Training Sessions:

Warm Up:

Conditioning:

  • 3-5 min
  • 6 lb. med ball
  • Performed series of 6-10 low to moderate intensity exercises
  • 7-10 min
  • exercises progressed from simple to complex as skills and confidence improved
  • 7 conditioning exercises:
  • Lower body
  • Upper body
  • Stability
  • Reaction
  • Core
  • Specialty movements (lateral taps)
  • Flexibility
results
Results:
  • Medicine ball training program participants made significantly greater gains in each of the fitness tests compared to the control group
  • (p< .05)
discussion
Discussion
  • This study shows that regular participation in a progressive medicine ball training program produced greater magnitudes of improvement in muscular fitness and specific motor performances than traditional P.E. classes
  • Suggests that P.E. classes should incorporate medicine ball training into the curriculum
  • Safe and valid means to promote physical fitness
who cares
Who Cares?
  • Physical Education teachers and specialists
  • PT’s, AT’s and Fitness Trainers can implement medicine ball training programs to improve fitness
  • People looking for a new safe and easy way to improve their health
source
Source
  • Faigenbaum, A. & Mediate, P. Effects of Medicine Ball Training on Fitness Performance of High-School Physical Education Students. Physical Educator. 63. 3. 160-167.
  • http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/delivery?vid=3&hid=105&sid=adb55895-82ac-4193-8a25-f8d4b52dae08%40sessionmgr106