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A BRIEF HISTORY OF PROTEST MUSIC PowerPoint Presentation
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A BRIEF HISTORY OF PROTEST MUSIC

A BRIEF HISTORY OF PROTEST MUSIC

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A BRIEF HISTORY OF PROTEST MUSIC

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  1. A BRIEF HISTORY OF PROTEST MUSIC

  2. I've got tapesI've got CD'sI've got my Public EnemyMy lily white assIs tickled pinkWhen I listen to the musicThat makes me think – Anthony Kiedis, Red Hot Chilli Peppers song: Power of Equality album: Blood Sugar Sex Magik (1991)

  3. ISSUES • PURPOSE • VIETNAM WAR • NORTH IRELAND • WOMEN’S ISSUES • BY GENRE (ROCK, METAL, PUNK, COUNTRY/FOLK, POP, AUSTRALIAN, ROOTS) • PROTEST MUSIC IN FILM • MUSIC EVENTS • CRITICISM • GET INVOLVED

  4. Anti-war • Social issues eg. Racism, class, inequality, labour movements, human rights, wrongful imprisonment, police brutality, women’s rights, indigenous rights, injustice • Anti-Government • Anti-Corporate / Anti-Globalisation • Environmental / Conservatism / Anti - Nuclear

  5. Criticise • Raise awareness • Issues you don’t hear on the news • Question the info you do get – find out more for yourself • Incite action • Or is it just good material for writing music? • Can be literal or metaphorical • INTERPRETING LYRICS IS NEVER CONCRETE – EVERYONE CAN TAKE A DIFFERENT MEANING (N.B - Meanings listed herein have been taken from interviews and quotes from musicians)

  6. 1960s – Time of social upheaval and dissent • Flower Power – hippie movement • Woodstock Festival • My Lai Massacre • Student Protests • GREAT MUSIC !

  7. Bob Dylan – Blowin’ In the Wind (1963) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=ced8o50G9kg • Bob Dylan – Masters Of War (1963) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=iWkWSLEW-Ds • Jimi Hendrix (written by Dylan) – All Along The Watchtower (1968) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=BCwCBh0z3Hs • The Doors – Unknown Soldier (1968) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=TdfkYe3c5XI • Country Joe – I feel like I’m fixin’ to die (1969) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=s5btZWbViPA • Edwin Starr – War (1969) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=I5GE5AsPOBo&feature=related • Creedence Clearwater Revival - Fortunate Son (1970) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=JBfjU3_XOaA • Jefferson Airplane - Volunteers (1970) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=SboRijhWFDU&feature=related

  8. Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – Ohio (1970) about Kent State Shootings. http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=JCS-g3HwXdc&feature=related • John Lennon – Give Peace a Chance (1969) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=I-NRriHlLUk • John Lennon – Imagine (1971) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=jEOkxRLzBf0 • Bruce Springsteen – Born In the USA (1984) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=BjwzxKzvWUE Also deals with treatment of veterans and unemployment under Reagan in the 80s

  9. U2 – Sunday Bloody Sunday (1983) from the album ‘War’ http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=JFM7Ty1EEvs • The Cranberries – Zombie (1994) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=HJEySrDerj0

  10. eg. RACISM / POVERTY / INEQUALITY / POLICE BRUTALITY • Marvin Gaye – What’s Goin’ On (1971) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=Y9KC7uhMY9s&feature=related • Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five – The Message (1982) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=k3kRuJhIVIo&feature=related • Public Enemy – Fight The Power(1989) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=CuTi9UZtPbw&feature=related • NWA – Fuck Tha Police (1988) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=WiX7GTelTPM&feature=related • Body Count – Cop Killer (1992) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=BSvD5SM_uI4 “I’m a cop killer / Fuck police brutality” – Ice T

  11. Ani DiFranco - Lost Woman Song (1993) – Abortion http://www.last.fm/music/Ani+DiFranco/_/Lost+Woman+Song • Sonic Youth – Swimsuit Issue (1992) - Women as objects, sexual harassment http://www.last.fm/music/Sonic+Youth/_/Swimsuit+Issue “Don't touch my breast / I'm just working at my desk Don't put me to the test / I'm just doing my best” - Kim Gordon, Sonic Youth

  12. Bob Marley – Get up Stand Up (1973) – about Rastafarian religion http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=DgTD0QS4dO0 • Billy Bragg – Between The Wars (1985) – poverty, plight of the working class in UK http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=lj2Sp11m_xk&feature=related "I'll give my consent to any government who will not deny a man a living wage.“ – Billy Bragg

  13. “Music has the power to cross borders, to break military sieges and to establish real dialogue. There's two things to do: you can either take an escapist pill, or you can deal with music which deals with the realities of the situation." - Tom Morello, Rage Against The Machine

  14. RATM – Killing In The Name (1992) - Police and Klu Klux Klan (KKK) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=fkuOAY-S6OY • RATM - Freedom (1992) - massacre of American Indians by FBI, jailing of Leonard Peltier, AIM leader http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=vqcM5lVoteQ • RATM - People Of The Sun (1996) - poverty and persecution of Zapatistas in Mexico (also see Battle Of Mexico City DVD) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=7hQgCJGNspI&feature=related

  15. System Of A Down – BOOM! (2002) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=K7yAO-QCSWA&feature=related • SOAD also publicise the Armenian genocide by Turkey (1915 – 1917), prison rates, Iraq war, bias media coverage, war profiteering • Axis Of Justice (Tom Morello – RATM and Serj Tankian – SOAD) www.axisofjustice.org “During times of universal deceit, telling the truth becomes a revolutionary act.” – George Orwell, Author

  16. Alice in Chains – Rooster (1993) - Vietnam war, ‘democracy’ http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=vpH5i3xD7tA • Pearl Jam – Bushleaguer (2002) - anti-Bush http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=5nhyhlzLwIw • Pearl Jam – Do the Evolution (1998) - technology, ‘progress’ http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=FS69fuCOhTM&feature=related • Pearl Jam – World Wide Suicide (2006) - Iraq war, Afghanistan War, death of football player turned soldier Pat Tillman by ‘friendly fire’ got plenty of coverage – what about regular people dying? ‘collateral damage’ http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=RAY-4V_DdsM “Democracy might have a chance at working if people educate themselves on these issues and make their opinions known” – Eddie Vedder, Pearl Jam

  17. Black Sabbath – War Pigs (1970) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=_4cx1pk0P3o • Megadeth – Symphony of Destruction (1993) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=67bTpVQfB6U • Megadeth – Holy Wars (1991) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=-YczYC2yHTM&feature=related • Megadeth – Peace Sells But Who’s Buying? (1986) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=1DWoJBHibhM&feature=related

  18. Metallica – One (1988) – soldier badly injured in WW1 http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=JwW9L_qzqp8&feature=related • Soundgarden – Hands All Over (1989) – environment damage http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=tiZ2wg1ZBxc • Sepultura – Territory (1993) – Palestine/Israel conflict http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=fba9Nllm9x0 “Bad presidents make good music.” - Max Cavalera (ex-Sepultura, Soulfly, Cavalera Conspiracy)

  19. The Clash – White Riot (1977) - class and race issues in UK http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=y_C78zw5i8U • Sex Pistols – God Save the Queen (1977) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=8z2M_hpoPwk • Crass – Nagasaki Nightmare (1981) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=8aHFRwGD47M&feature=related • The Exploited – Fuck The USA (1982) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=lqpoWkG_pYI&feature=related

  20. The Ramones – Bonzo Goes To Bitburg (1986) - anti-Reagan http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=cDUFyvTAHUA&feature=related • Dead Kennedys – Stars And Stripes Of Corruption (1985) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=lfGXF3gXXKw&feature=related "Rednecks and bombs don't make us strong/ We loot the world, yet we can't even feed ourselves“- Jello Biafra , Dead Kennedys • Pennywise - Fuck Authority (2001) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=SXZVc0h8Gok • Propagandhi - Today's Empires, Tomorrow's Ashes (2001) http://www.last.fm/music/Propagandhi/_/Today's+Empires,+Tomorrow's+Ashes • Bad Religion – Los Angeles is Burning (2004) from Empire Strikes First http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=BxoD9zWY9Rg • Green Day – American Idiot (2004) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=M5mjN32G1iI Also see: Black Flag / Henry Rollins, NoFX, Raised Fist , Anti-Flag, Rise Against

  21. Punk Voter http://www.punkvoter.com/ • Rock Against Bush by Fat Wreck Chords (2004) compilation with a huge list of punk bands, didn’t work Bush was re-elected

  22. Dixie Chicks – Not ready To Make Nice (2006) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=fwc5YSAc-7g Made anti Bush comments - CDs crushed, death threats, banned from radio • Neil Young – Let’s Impeach the President (2006) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=k4kTnP5VJ1k Anti-Bush, Hurricane Katrina, Iraq - won a Grammy

  23. George Michael – Shoot The Dog (2002) – UK PM Blair lap dog to Bush http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=ji3XgKTziUQ • Pink – Dear Mr. President (2006) - war, homosexuality, abortion, homelessness http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=4eRApNHSRRk • Black Eyed Peas – Where is the Love (2003) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=MJpyskHMwRs • Outkast – Bombs Over Baghdad (2000) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=-XBgXBvI8a0 NOT A PROTEST SONG – Andre 3000 just liked the phrase

  24. Eric Bogle – And The Band Was Playing Waltzing Matilda (1972) – Gallipoli http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=WG48Ftsr3OI • Red Gum – I was only 19 (1983) –Vietnam, psychological and Agent Orange http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=Urtiyp-G6jY&feature=related • The Herd – I was only 19 (2005) – hip hop cover http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=ns82tHhJOr0&feature=related • Paul Kelly – From Little Things Big Things Grow (1991) - first land rights case http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=_tHEGo-g3mw • Midnight Oil – Beds Are Burning (1987) – land rights, Howard’s favourite http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=td1ZLqrEpXI • Yothu Yindi – Treaty (1991) - reconciliation http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=S7cbkxn4G8U

  25. JBT - Something’s Gotta Give (2004) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=fxP8utX3Xrw • Xavier Rudd – Better People (2007) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=IxZijEeTCXY • Kora – Politician (2004) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=SxdPi3jS634 • Blue King Brown – Stand Up (2005) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=lUOC2o8XR6Y&feature=related • Blue King Brown – Check Your Head (2007) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=zuagzdTXqLA&feature=related “There is this real awakening happening .” - Natalie Pa’apa’a, Blue King Brown

  26. Heavy Metal In Baghdad http://www.heavymetalinbaghdad.com/ • Soundtrack To War http://www.soundtracktowar.com/ • See also: Apocalypse Now, Full Metal Jacket, Platoon, Casualties of War, Forrest Gump, Fahrenheit 9/11

  27. BAND AID (1984, 1989, 2004) • LIVE AID (1985) • WAVE AID (2003) • MAKE POVERTY HISTORY (2006)

  28. Naomi Klein - author / journalist , part of anti-globalisation movement, has attacked the “Bono-isation” of protests saying events aren’t as dangerous as grass roots campaigns. • Many artists get behind political parties (eg. US election) - can turn people off – some would rather artists stick to playing music. • BUT acts like RATM or JBT gain loyal following because people feel they are making a difference - even if they are doing nothing more than listening to the music. • Some artists jumping on the bandwagon? • Against Me – White people For Peace (2007) http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=eU0d2hWaSZc - questioning the validity of bands’ anti-war stance

  29. Freeza http://www.freeza.vic.gov.au/ • The Push http://www.thepush.asn.au/ • Muso Network (Dandenong Freeza Group) http://www.greaterdandenong.com/

  30. VUT www.vu.edu.au • RMIT www.rmit.edu.au • NMIT www.nmit.vic.edu.au/ • Box Hill Tafe www.bhtafe.edu.au/ Also many other courses eg. Music, Sound Engineering, Event Management plus double degrees incorporating law, marketing etc