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Training Medical Professionals as Higher Education Professionals: Developing a Certification in Health Professions Education. Karen Hughes Miller, Ph.D. University of Louisville (Louisville, Kentucky, USA) . Presented at:.

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Training Medical Professionals as Higher Education Professionals:Developing a Certification in Health Professions Education

Karen Hughes Miller, Ph.D.

University of Louisville

(Louisville, Kentucky, USA)

Presented at
Presented at: Professionals:

Collaborating Across Boarders: An American- Canadian Dialogue on Interprofessional Health Education, October 24-26, 2007

University of Minnesota

Academic Health Center

Twin Cities Campus

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Background: Professionals:

  • Physicians, nurses, and other health sciences professionals who teach often find their knowledge of teaching is learned on the job.

  • Although professional development sessions on teaching are efficient, they may not always be an effective solution to addressing topics as complex as adult education theory or curriculum analysis.

Background Professionals::

  • Medical education is growing as a recognized discipline with its own grants, publications, and conferences.

  • For healthcare faculty to fully participate in what this discipline has to offer, they must not only be expert in their fields but also be educated in medical education (Eitel, Katz, and Tesche, 2000; and Benor, 2000).

Background: Professionals:

  • In 2003, the University of Louisville College of Education and School of Medicine Office of Medical Education joined forces to create a Certificate in Health Professions Education program.

    The objective of this presentation is to share our experience as a replicable model for other institutions.

Program overview
Program overview: Professionals:

  • The Certificate in Health Professions Education is awarded by the University’s Graduate School after participants complete four 3-credit hour graduate courses.

  • Participants must be admitted to the Graduate School and all courses are graded and taken for academic credit.

Program overview1
Program overview Professionals::

  • The curriculum allows participants to join in any term of any year rather than waiting for a two-year rotation.

  • Each course is grounded in a syllabus already approved for the College of Education and Human Development (CEHD), but is customized for health science professionals.

  • Courses include Research Methods, Program Evaluation and Planning, College Teaching, and Adult Education and Development.

Customized content for hsc
Customized content for HSC Professionals::

Examples of customized content include:

  • The course on Adult Education and Development includes clinical teaching issues such as bedside teaching and the protocols of teaching using both real and simulated patients.

  • Techniques for teaching psychomotor skills (i.e. intubation) are included along with techniques for teaching cognitive skills such as quick recall.

Customized content for hsc1
Customized content for HSC: Professionals:

  • The instructional design for the four courses is grounded on the principles of meeting instructional needs for working professionals such as described by Cheetham and Chivers (2001).

  • Faculty and participants represent the entire range of healthcare education at U of L including medicine, nursing, dentistry, and public health.

Customized content for hsc2
Customized content for HSC Professionals::

  • Courses apply a blended model of online and face-to-face instruction.

  • Class meetings are held on at the Health Sciences Campus.

  • Teaching teams include education and health sciences faculty and guest lecturers are often used.

  • Field trips to look at different teaching venues are built into the schedule.

Course calendar elfh 606 76 program evaluation and planning
Course Calendar ELFH 606- 76 Professionals:Program Evaluation and Planning

Program success
Program success Professionals::

  • The first course in the program, College Teaching, was offered in the fall of 2003. Fourteen students enrolled and 12 completed the course.

  • The next course offered, Introduction to Research Methods, also began with 14 and ended with 12.

  • However, we saw a “slump” in enrollment for the next course, Adult Development and Education; and by the spring of 2005, only four students enrolled in the Program Evaluation course. That group was combined with doctoral students taking the course in the College of Education.

Program revision
Program revision: Professionals:

  • Consensus among participants and faculty was that we may have been packing too much content into the courses. While the course participants were well grounded in scientific method and physical science research, the social science research methodologies of education were new.

  • This type of feedback was an essential component of the curriculum redesign for future courses.

    Courses had to be tailored to the specific

    needs of health science educators.

Program revision1
Program revision: Professionals:

  • An additional strategy for encouraging certificate completion was to analyze all course rosters since the beginning of the program and contact former participants who were still at U of L.

  • A formal letter on Office of Medical Education letterhead was sent reminding them which course(s) they needed to for certification and encouraging re-enrollment.

  • Response to this small campaign was very positive and several former participants returned in the fall 2006 or spring 2007 semesters.

Program support
Program support: Professionals:

  • To encourage new students to enter the program, lunchtime open house sessions are now held at the end of each semester to introduce the next course being offered and to introduce potential students to participating faculty.

  • Over the past several semesters, these sessions have become informal get “together’s” so all sorts of questions and concerns can be addressed.

Program outcomes
Program outcomes: Professionals:

  • The Certificate in Health Professions Education at the University of Louisville is not a large project; but by using a cycle of course delivery, reflection, and refinement along with some consistent participant recruiting strategies, the program is growing.

  • By the end of the spring 2007 semester, we had awarded 10 certificates.

  • For the fall 2007 semester, we have seven new enrollees in the program, and eight who are active returnees.

Program outcomes1
Program outcomes: Professionals:

  • One unexpected positive outcome is that two Certificate participants have recently enrolled in the College of Education in order to complete Master of Education degrees to add to their M.D.s.

  • An additional positive outcome, beginning this year, is that new faculty in Public Health are being required to take the College Teaching course. (If we do our job right, they will take the remaining courses for certification!)

Program outcomes2
Program outcomes: Professionals:

And the most recent positive outcome:

ELFH 606-76, Program Evaluation and Planning, won a 2007 Kentuckiana Metroversity Award for Instructional Innovation

Limitations of our model
Limitations of our model: Professionals:

  • Students in the certificate program are self selected and highly motivated. Grades in any given course are usually A or A+. This may seem intimidating to new faculty considering the program.

  • It is a serious commitment of time and effort for already busy healthcare professionals. They must be perceive real value for the program.

Our three major challenges
Our three major challenges Professionals::

  • Making the course work load realistic and appropriate for working professionals while maintaining academic integrity.

  • Retaining participants once the enter the program.

  • Maintaining diversity among program faculty to insure an interdisciplinary approach.

Ongoing program objectives

Objective: Professionals:

Continuous assessment and course improvement.


Collect and analyze course and faculty evaluation data, review course content and design each time the course is offered.

Ongoing program objectives:

Ongoing program objectives1

Objective: Professionals:

Active recruitment of new participants and faculty.

Recognition of the Certificate as an academic credential of value.


Information sessions, email and list serve, word of mouth.

Publications and presentations.

Ongoing program objectives:

References and resources
References and resources: Professionals:

Benor, D. E. (2000). Faculty development, teacher training and teacher accreditation in medical education: twenty years from now. Medical Teacher, 22(5), 503-512.

Cheetham, G. and Chivers, G. (2001). Part I, How professionals learn: the theory. Journal of European Industrial Training, 25(5), 250-269.

Cheetham G. and Chivers, G. (2001). Part 2, How professionals learn, the practice. What the empirical research found. Journal of European Industrial Training, 25(5), 270- 292.

Eitel, F., Kanz, K-G., and Tesche, A. (2000). Training and certification of teachers and trainers: The professionalization of medical education. Medical Teacher, 22(5), 517-526.

References and resources1
References and resources: Professionals:

Miller, K.H. and Greenberg, R. (2007). Training Medical Professionals to be Educators: Developing a Certification in Health Professions Education. Journal of the International Association of Medical Science Educators (JIAMSE), special supplement, October, 2007, in press.

Muller, J.H., and Irby, D.M. Developing educational

leaders: the teaching scholars program at the University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine. Academic Medicine. 2006: 81:11, 959-964.

Robins, L, Ambrozy, D., and Pinsky, L.E. Promoting academic excellence through leadership development at the University of Washington: the teaching scholars program. Academic Medicine. 2006:81:11, 979-983.

Wilkerson, L.A., Uijtdehaaghe, S. and Relan, A. Increasing the pool of educational leaders for UCLA. Academic Medicine. 2006:81:11, 954-958.

A closing note
A closing note…. Professionals:

In addition to articles on the UCLA, UC San Francisco, and University of Washington models, the November 2006 issue of Academic Medicine includes several more articles on medicaleducation fellowships.