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Power Presentations CHAPTER 13

Explore the challenges and opportunities faced by settlers moving west, the trails they followed, and the impact of the California gold rush. Learn about the Texas Revolution and the acquisitions of new territories during this period of American expansion.

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Power Presentations CHAPTER 13

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  1. Power Presentations CHAPTER 13

  2. Image Expansion The year is 1844, and you live on a small rocky farm is Massachusetts. Your family had decided to move to Oregon to gain cheap, fertile land. Your father says this move will make your family better off—and give you a brighter future. What might you gainand lose by going west?

  3. • What do you think daily life on the trail west might be like? • What might be the greatest obstacles that you face?

  4. 1821Stephen Austin settles in Texas. 1824Jedediah Smith finds South Pass. 1836Texas declares independence. Battle of the Alamo fought. Republic of Texas established. 1844James Polk is elected president. 1846War with Mexico begins. 1847Mormons migrate to Utah. 1848War with Mexico ends. 1849California gold rush begins. To World 1853United States makes Gadsden Purchase.

  5. 1815Napoleon defeated at Waterloo. 1821Mexico gains independence from Spain. 1839Opium War fought in China. 1847Liberia, established by a former American slave, proclaimed an independent nation. Back to U.S. Image Back to Home

  6. Thousands of settlers followed trailsthrough the West to gain land and achance to make a fortune. Map Main Idea Why It Matters Now This migration brought Americans to the territories that became New Mexico, Oregon, and Utah.

  7. TRAILS WEST Santa Fe Trail:from Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico; attracted many traders Mormon Trail:followed Oregon Trail to Utah; taken by Mormons Oregon Trail:from Missouri to Oregon Territory; people went for land What were characteristics of each trail west?

  8. • How did the mountain men open up the West for later settlement? • What are two examples of pioneer groups who used cooperation to overcome hardship? • What were the different motives that drew people west?

  9. Think About • • the mountain men • • William Becknell • the Sagers • the Mormons Drawing Conclusions Of all the hardships faced by the people who went west, what do you think was the worst? Explain. Back to Home

  10. Main Idea American and Tejano citizens ledTexas to independence from Mexico. Why It Matters Now The diverse culture of Texas hasdeveloped from the contributions ofmany different groups.

  11. Changes in Mexican policy toward Americans Imprisonment of Austin Battle at Gonzales,Battle of the Alamo,or Battle of San Jacinto TEXANINDEPENDENCE Image What events led to Texas’s independence?In what order did they occur?

  12. • Why did Americans want to move to Texas? • How did the Mexican government respond to the Texas rebellion? • Why did Congress refuse to annex Texas?

  13. Think About • the Texans’ and Americans’ shock over the loss of the battle to the Mexicans • the need to recruit more forces to fight with the Texas army Recognizing Effects How did losing the Battle of the Alamo help the Texans win their independence? Back to Home

  14. The United States expanded itsterritory westward to stretch from theAtlantic to Pacific coast. Map Main Idea Why It Matters Now Today, one-third of all Americans live in the areas added to the United States in 1848.

  15. Attack at the Rio Grande Bear Flag Revolt Battle of Veracruz 1846 1848 Fall of New Mexico Battle of Buena Vista Battle of Chapultepec What key events occurred between1846 and 1848 in the War with Mexico?

  16. • How did the acquisitions of Oregon and the Mexican Cession relate to the idea of manifest destiny? • Why were some people opposed to the War with Mexico? • What does the phrase “sea to shining sea” mean?

  17. Think About • the acquisition of the Oregon territory • lands in the Southwest Comparing Compare the different ways land was acquired by the United States in the period of manifest destiny from 1844 to 1853. Back to Home

  18. Main Idea Gold was found in California, and thousands rushed to that territory. California quickly became a state. Why It Matters Now The gold rush made California grow rapidly and helped bring about California’scultural diversity.

  19. What hardships did the forty-niners face both in the camps and while mining? HARDSHIPS IN THE CAMPS WHILE MINING Image • poor food • cold streams • disease • accidents • exhaustion • swindlers and crooks

  20. • How did the California gold rush get started? • Why didn’t many forty-niners become rich? • How did California’s statehood affect the nation?

  21. Think About • changes in San Francisco • California’s bid for statehood Recognizing Effects What were some of the effectsof the California gold rush? Back to Home


  23. 1What were three reasons why people moved west? 2What were the three main trails that led to the West? 3How did the Mormons make the land in Utah productive? 4Why were Texans unhappy with Mexican rule? 5Why were the battles of the Alamo and San Jacinto important to the Texas Revolution?

  24. 6What areas did the United States gain as a result of Americans’ belief in manifest destiny? 7How is the Bear Flag Revolt related to the War with Mexico? 8What lands did the United States acquire as a result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo? 9Who were four groups of people who became forty-niners? 10What were three ways California changed because of the gold rush?

  25. Types of peoplewho traveled there Why theywent there Key events thatbrought the territoryinto the United States NEW MEXICO UTAH OREGON TEXAS CALIFORNIA Categorizing farmers and traders land or profit War with Mexico Mormons religious freedom War with Mexico farmers and traders land or profit agreement with Britain farmers and ranchers land Texas Revolution land or profit War with Mexico miners and traders Back to Home

  26. Use these buttons to go back to the previous slide, or to move forwardin the presentation. These labels let you knowwhere you are in the presentation. To reveal the content of a slide just press the space bar or click your mouse once. When you click on the arrow you will be linked to a related visual. To use a button, move your pointer over the button. When yourpointer becomes a hand,click your mouse. Map Image These buttons linkyou to special areas. Back to Previous

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