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Imam Al-Husain

Imam Al-Husain. Quotes of Imam Husain and Western Writers A.S. Hashim, MD. What Parameters did affect Imam Husain?. Personal Spiritual What has been foretold See next 3 slides for detail. 1. Possible Personal Parameters affecting Al-Husain.

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Imam Al-Husain

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  1. Imam Al-Husain Quotes of Imam Husain and Western Writers A.S. Hashim, MD

  2. What Parameters did affect Imam Husain? • Personal • Spiritual • What has been foretold See next 3 slides for detail

  3. 1. Possible Personal Parameters affecting Al-Husain • The Ummah denying the Khilaafah to Ali after the Prophet’s death • The Ummah giving trouble to Imam Ali during his Khilaafah: Jamal, Siffin, Khariji • The misfortune or debacle of the short period of Al-Hasan’s Khilaafah • The deteriorating spiritual condition of the people at large during Al-Husain’s Imamah

  4. 2. Possible Spiritual Parameters affecting Al-Husain Al-Husain’s Experience Islam becoming Predominant during the Prophet’s time and a few years afterward Cracks in the Ummah showing up during Uthman’s rule, and accelerating afterwards Return of Jahiliya moors under the guise of Islam, accelerating to an alarming degree during Mu'awiya then Yazid’s time

  5. 3. Possible Parameter: What was foretold about him • Crying, the Prophet informed others about Husain’s dilemma, as had Gabriel told him • The family probably kept referring to al-Husain’s forthcoming events • Imam Ali stopping at Karbala and saying: It is here where they will be stopped, and it is here where their blood will be shed

  6. The Mount of Rahma (Mercy)

  7. The Mount of Rahma (Mercy)

  8. On Jabal Rahma Al-Husain Calls on God

  9. Thomas Carlyle:The spirit of Ashura’ “The best lesson which we get from the tragedy of Cerebella [Karbala] is that Husain and his companions were rigid believers in God. They illustrated that numerical superiority does not count when it comes to truth and falsehood. The victory of Husain, despite his minority, marvels me!”

  10. Al-Husain Pleads in his Supplication

  11. Sir Muhammad Iqbal:The spirit of Ashura’ “Imam Husain uprooted despotism forever until the Day of Judgment. He watered the dry garden of freedom with the surging wave of his blood, and indeed he awakened the sleeping Muslim nation. If Imam Husain had aimed at acquiring a worldly empire, he would not have traveled as he did. Husain weltered in blood and dust for the sake of truth. Verily he, therefore, became the bedrock foundation of the Muslim creed: ‘There is no deity but Allah.’ ”

  12. Al-Husain still reflecting

  13. Charles Dickens:The spirit of Ashura’ “If Husain had fought to quench his worldly desires, as alleged by certain Christian critics: then I do not understand why his sister, wife, and children accompanied him. It stands to reason therefore, that he sacrificed purely for Islam.”

  14. Al-Husain in his Appeal to God

  15. Edward Gibbon:The spirit of Ashura’ “In a distant age and climate, the tragic scene of the death of Husain will awaken the sympathy of the coldest reader.”

  16. Mohandas Gandhi:The spirit of Ashura’ • “I wanted to know the best of the life of one who holds today an undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind.... I became more than ever convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life. • It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self-effacement of Husain, the scrupulous regard for pledges, his intense devotion to his friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission to save Islam. These and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle.”

  17. Al-Husain professing before God

  18. William Muir:The spirit of Ashura’ “The tragedy of Karbala decided not only the fate of the Caliphate, but also of [Muslim] kingdoms long after the Caliphate had waned and disappeared.”

  19. Edward G. Browne:The spirit of Ashura’ “A reminder of that blood-stained field of Karbala, where the grandson of the Apostle of God fell, at length, tortured by thirst, and surrounded by the bodies of his murdered kinsmen, has been at anytime since then, sufficient to evoke, even in the most lukewarm and the heedless, the deepest emotion, the most frantic grief, and an exaltation of spirit before which pain, danger, and death shrink to unconsidered trifles.”

  20. Click for the answer Explain the value of Karbala. • Karbala saw the physical glory of Imam Husain. • Karbala gave birth to the voluptuous spiritual awakening for Islam. • b, + It was the beginning of the Islamic arousal all over, the rebirth of Islam. We owe our totality to Imam Husain. • a, + It was the very beginning of the Shi'a movement.

  21. Click for the answer What actually did Imam Husain accomplish? • He launched the beacon of Islam to illuminate Karbala. • a, + He launched the beacon of Islam to illuminate the Muslim World • b, + He launched the beacon of Islam for the global pursuit • a+b+c to be permanent.

  22. Click for the answer What was the Technique Imam Husain pursued? • Willfully at the sacrifice of himself • Willfully at sacrificing family and friends • Leave Zainul Abideen and Zainab to broadcast the event. • a+b+c leave a permanent imprint of Islam on the world

  23. Click for the answer How old was Al-Husain when he was designated to be the Imam? • 41 years old. • 46 years old. • 51 years old. • 66 years old.

  24. Click for the answer Describe people's feelings when Yazid was imposed on them. • There was anger, tension, and disapproval everywhere. • The calamities caused by Benu Umayya clan caused much discontent. • a, b, + Evidence of resistance began to show, as people could not swallow Yazid. • a, b, + Though Yazid had a rotten nature, most people in Syria welcomed him as their hero.

  25. Click for the answer What did the Governor of Medina do to take allegiance from Al-Husain for Yazid? • He visited Al-Husain at home and asked him for allegiance to Yazid. • He called upon Al-Husain to meet with him and ask for Husain's allegiance to Yazid. • He forced Al-Husain to give allegiance to Yazid. • He begged Al-Husain to give allegiance to Yazid.

  26. Click for the answer Why didn't Imam Husain perform the Haj but instead hastened toward Kufa? • Possibility of presence of underground agents of Yazid to kill Al-Husain while performing Haj, thus undo Al-Husain's challenge to Yazid and exposing Benu Umayya. • a, + Was advised against it since it was too dangerous. • A, + b, + Family members were sick at the time.

  27. Click for the answer Why did Imam Husain take his closest family with him? • So that they cannot be held as hostages, thus undo Al-Husain's plan. • a, + The remaining of his family can broadcast to the general public what happened in Karbala, thus divulge the atrocities of Yazid and Benu Umayya. • a, + He enjoyed the company of his family. • a, + He wanted to be close to his family to take care of him.

  28. Click for the answer Describe the feeling at camp of Husain the night before the forth coming confrontation. • The members of Husain's camp were preoccupied in exhilaration and anticipation. • The feeling was about how to meet their loved ones in Heaven. • Husain urged them to leave, since he was the one the enemy was after. • a, b, c, + They answered Husain's request by saying, “Never, by God never.”

  29. Click for the answer What did happen at noon time on the 10th of Muharram? • The fighting engagement was most severe. • Al-Husain stopped the fight to perform Salat Dhuhr. • b, + Two companions guarded the praying people from arrows of the enemy, and after Salat one of them fell dead from the wounds he received. • a, b, c, + The enemy prayed with Imam Husain leading the Salat.

  30. Click for the answer Describe the last moments of the fight of Imam Husain. • Al-Husain, bleeding and cut, rushed to his nephew, carrying him saying, “O beloved! it deeply hurts me that you call me and I cannot be of much help...” • Then, Imam Husain supplicated, “O' Lord! May I ask Thee to take away Thy bounty from these people! And if You, Lord, allow them a respite, may I ask Thee to sow difference among them and let them be divided!" • a, b, + Al-Husain confronted them again. No one dared to carry the burden of his blood. They heard him say: “It is my blood that you want, but I ask Allah Almighty to have me honored by disgracing you and humiliating you, and in ways you cannot imagine, take a full revenge from you.”

  31. Click for the answer Which of the following is incorrect? • Al-Husain was 57 Yr old in Karbala • Al-Abbas was 34 Yr old in Karbala • Zainab was 56 Yr old in Karbala • Zainul Abideen was 57 Yr old in Karbala • Umm Kulthoom was 55 Yr old in Karbala • Al-Qasim was 22 Yr old in Karbala

  32. Mohandas Gandhi:The spirit of Ashura’ “I have learned from Husain how to be oppressed yet victorious.”

  33. End of quiz • To get these slides go to Islamicbooks.info then click: Slide-show in PowerPoint • Other interesting subjects can be downloaded • Thank you and may Allah bless you!

  34. Be in Allah’s Care A.S. Hashim, MD

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