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Shahzeeb Akhtar Goethe-University Frankfurt, Germany. Knowledge networks. Agenda. Conceptual Work Knowledge and its Forms Learning and Innovation Communities and Networks Knowledge and Problems Implementation. 1. Conceptual Work.

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Shahzeeb akhtar goethe university frankfurt germany

Shahzeeb Akhtar

Goethe-University Frankfurt, Germany

Knowledgenetworks


Agenda
Agenda

  • Conceptual Work

  • Knowledge andits Forms

  • Learning and Innovation

  • Communities and Networks

  • Knowledge and Problems

  • Implementation


1 conceptual work
1. Conceptual Work

  • Master´sthesis (2007) in thefieldofEconomicGeographywiththetopic

    „How do corporations in quicklychangingand knowledge intensive servicesectorenvironmentsoptimizetheirinformation- and knowledge flow?“


2 knowledge and its forms
2. Knowledge andits Forms

  • Codified vs. non-codified knowledge

  • Possessed vs. practised knowledge

  • Individual vs. collective knowledge

  • Genereral vs. specific knowledge


Acknowledgementof Knowledge in Organizations

  • Knowledge = Accumulationofinformation?

  • Can every knowledge becodified?

  • Knowledge only on individual basis?

  • Is thereonlypossessed knowledge?


Structuresof Knowledge transfer

  • Formalizedstructure

  • Informal structure

  • Infrastructure


3 learning and innovation
3. Learning and Innovation

RelationshipbetweenKnowlegde, Learning andInnovations

  • Active knowledge exchange

  • Learning effects (createnew knowledge)

  • Innovations (bynewpossiblecombinations)


Individual learning – in „Routines“

  • Talent

  • Intelligence

  • Intensity

  • Discipline


Collective learning – in „Communities“

  • Learning based on engagement

  • Learning based on alignment

  • Learning based on imagination


The JohariWindow


Seven Cs ofEffective Communication“

  • Completeness

  • Conciseness

  • Consideration

  • Concreteness

  • Correctness

  • Courtesy

  • Clarity


Innovations

„Sparks of Innovation are triggered by the confrontation, combination, fusion, transformation of different forms of knowledge.“

Amin/Cohendet, Architectures of Knowledge (2004)


  • Learning by searching(in an organizational search)

  • Learning by doing andlearning by using (in a trial-and-errorexperimentation)

  • Learning through training and learning by hiring (external job rotation)

  • Learning byinteracting(socialprocesseswithin a group)


4 communities and networks
4. Communities and Networks

Nonaka´s 4-step model of knowledge generation in „Communities of Practice“

  • Non-codified knowledge issharedamongeachotherwhilesocializing

  • Through articulation, non-codified knowledge becomescodified

  • New codified knowledge becomesstandardizedbycombiningitwiththeold

  • Codified knowledge becomes non-codifiedbyusingitandgettingusedtoit


Embedding knowledge in networks

  • Relational Embeddedness: 2 actors, developmentoftrust

  • StructuralEmbeddedness: Severalactors, developmentofreputationamongothers


Network structures

  • Open networks (not everyoneisconnectedtoeachother)

  • Closednetworks (everyoneisconnectedtoeachother)


5 knowledge and problems
5. Knowledge and Problems

  • Transfering knowledge overspatialdistances

  • Knowledge boundtopersons

  • Opportunism

  • Moral hazard

  • Political behavior


Nash-Pareto-Problem

  • Pareto-Equilibrium

  • Nash-Equilibrium

  • Nash-Pareto or Pareto-Nash


6 implementation
6. Implementation

Implementing a networklikeWikipediaand MindManager will avoidproblemslike:

  • Spatialdistances – technicalnetworks

  • Moral Hazard – informationubiquitious

  • Existanceoftoomuch non-codified knowledge – feedingthe knowledge base


Implementing a socialnetwork for knowledge transferislikelytoavoid:

  • Opportunism

  • Politics

  • Misunderstandings

    byinteraction


Using a proper implemented knowledge networkleadstohigherproductivitythrough

  • Saving

  • Extending

  • Governing

  • Sharing

Knowledge


Thank you for your attention
Thankyou for yourattention!


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