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The Future Navigation Systems: Galileo and GPSIII. N a v S A S. Paolo Mulassano member of the NavSAS Group. 1. Osservatorio ICT del Piemonte, November 2005. Outline. 1 – Why Galileo?. 2 – New Opportunities around Galileo. 3 –Galileo Performance. 4 – Galileo and GPS III Status.
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The Future Navigation Systems: Galileo and GPSIII N a v S A S Paolo Mulassanomember of the NavSAS Group 1 Osservatorio ICT del Piemonte, November 2005
Outline 1 – Why Galileo? 2 – New Opportunities around Galileo 3 –Galileo Performance 4 – Galileo and GPS III Status 5 - Conclusions
Go on with GPS: an European Question • Realized for military purposes • it was not biult for civil applications • Under military control • there is no guarantee about the quality and continuity of service • Only the USA can control the system • economical benefits manly for USA • Security and services assurance • who pays for the system fault or errors?
EGNOS Galileo: the European GNSS Europe planned its involvement inGlobal Navigation Satellite Systems in two steps: Step 1: EGNOS (European Geostationary Navigation Overlay System) development and deployment • EGNOS will provide civil augmentation to GPS and GLONASS • EGNOS will be into operations in 2006 • It is a project of European Commission, Eurocontrol and ESA
Galileo: the European GNSS Step 2: GALILEO development and deployment • It is a civil system under civil control • It assures independence and sovereignty to Europe • It offers guaranteed services • It is designed to have improved performance It will starts its operations by 2010 Galileo is an initiative of EC and ESA
OS (Open Service) Free-access signal (free-of-charge) for generic applications (for example, mass market, road, ...) CS (Commercial Service) Controlled-access signal (commercial encryption) with additional information, for commercial applications SOL (Safety-Of-Life Service) Controlled-access signal with additional integrity information, for critical applications PRS (Public Regulated Service) Controlled- and restricted-access signal (governmental encryption) for governmental applications Galileo Services and Signals Over 250 million by 2020
Galileo Stand-Alone Accuracy Courtesy of ESA Vertical (L1) Horizontal (L1) Horizontal accuracy with L1 and E5b frequencies
Combined GNSS Accuracy • GPS + EGNOS on Europe (and also on Africa) lowers the vertical accuracy to less than 5 m
R&D Opportunities New Galileo services and new SIS format (BOC) on different frequencies imply • New HW/SW for the receivers • New interoperable schemes (future GPS+Galileo RX) • Interoperability between NAV and COM systems • Integrity to be managed • Network synchronization • New application concepts • …..
GalileoExp. SV (*1) FOC Phase GSTBV1 GSTBV2 IOV Phase Galileo Status 2003 2005 2008 2010 GPS Constellation Galileo In Orbit ValidationConst. (*4) Galileo Full Operation Const. (30) Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4
Galileo Status Galileo (GSTB-V2) Giove Satellite presented November the 9th
GPS Modernization GPS III addresses multiple needs: • Improved accuracy • Driven by evolving needs (new applications) • Significantly increased integrity (different approach from EU) • Crucial for SoL applications • High level of signal availability (dual systems GPSIII + Galileo) • Increased power for anti-jam (as in EU with interference) Same keywords as for Galileo!
GPS Modernization: Performance GPS expected improvements (after 2015)
Galileo in Piedmont Comitato Promotore Programma Galileo a Torino Education Istituto Superiore Mario BoellaISMB Politecnico di Torino Terminali Galileo Industries Servizi e Applicazioni PMI Operators Torino polo industriale e PMI IEN Galileo Ferraris Galileo Time Fondazione Torino Wireless
NavSAS Main Projects • GARDA Galileo User Receiver Preliminary Development Activities • SDR design of GNSS receivers • NAV/COM integration and hybridization • GILT Galileo Initiatives for Local Technologies • Interference detection monitoring and identification • GR-POSTER Galileo User Mass Market Receiver Development • SDR design of GNSS receivers • NAV/COM integration and hybridization for multipath mitigation • ARTUS Galileo User Professional Receiver Development • Interference detection mitigation • GNSS signal Quality Control • Mutlipath mitigation over E5a/E5b bands (AltBOC) • GIRASOLE Galileo User Safety of Life Receiver Development • Interference detection mitigation in maritime environment • GNSS signal Quality Control • Mutlipath mitigation over E5a/E5b bands (AltBOC) • GREHDA Galileo Receiver for High Dynamics Applications • Integrated GPS/Galileo RX for small LEO satellites • POPART Development of a monitoring system for rescue teams • PROGENY Creation of a network of experts for navigation applications • NASIA Localisation technologies for Localisation Applications in Airports • DANGER Dangerous goods transport monitoring GJU 1st call GJU 2nd call ASI
United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs Master On Navigation A joint initiative of Politecnico di Torino and Istituto Superiore Mario Boella with the cooperation of IEN Galileo Ferraris and UN OOSA The objective is to disseminate knowledge, a key element for the future exploitation of Galileo First edition in 2004 – 2005 academic year with 16 participants from 8 countries
Conclusions • Galileo is an opportunity in different areas • New technological products • New potential services • The GPS modernization plan the drivers are similar to Galileo requirements • At the Piemonte Level there are many initiatives to support companies in developing a strong know-how in the field • Specific training offers have been set-up in order to create “the Galileo Culture”
Contact Information • Paolo MulassanoNavigation Lab – ISMBpaolo.firstname.lastname@example.org www.navsas.ismb.it