Los Angeles County Probation Department. AB 109 Public Safety Realignment December 5, 2013 . Margarita Perez Assistant Chief Probation Officer. Los Angeles County Probation Department. Outline. Federal Three Judge Panel -- Prison Reduction Plan AB 109, Public Safety Realignment Act of 2011
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Los Angeles County Probation Department AB 109 Public Safety Realignment December 5, 2013 Margarita Perez Assistant Chief Probation Officer
Los Angeles County Probation Department Outline • Federal Three Judge Panel -- Prison Reduction Plan • AB 109, Public Safety Realignment Act of 2011 • Los Angeles County’s Management of Post Released Supervised Persons
Los Angeles County Probation Department Federal Three Judge Panel -Prison Reduction Plan • The prison population ballooned to twice the size of what it was designed to house. • A Federal three-judge panel ruled that the level of mental health care and medical services provided were unconstitutional in violation of the eighth amendment (cruel and unusual punishment) • The State of California was ordered to reduce the prison population to 137.5% of design capacity – roughly 110,000 inmates – by December 31, 2013. • This order led to numerous prison reduction efforts throughout the years, to include AB 109.
Los Angeles County Probation Department AB 109 – Public Safety Realignment Act of 2011 • Effective October 1, 2011 • AB 109 is NOT an “early release program” of State inmates, nor did it result in the “transfer” of inmates or parolees from State to local jurisdiction pre-realignment. • Five (5) significant changes: • Redefined criteria with respect to who serves their time in the county jail as opposed to State prison. • State inmates whose current conviction is serious or violent, Mentally Disordered Offenders, High Risk Sex Offenders, and Lifers are released to the supervision of State Parole, WHILE the remainder are released to the supervision of the counties, i.e., N-3s or Post Release Supervised Persons (PSPs). • Under Penal Code 1170(h), allows judges to impose a split sentence. • Transferred the state parole revocation process to the courts. • Mandates that parole violators serve their revocation time under local jurisdiction.
Los Angeles County Probation Department Post-Release Supervised Person (PSP) • Under the jurisdiction of the Los Angeles County Probation Department • Prison inmates whose last sentence was of a non-serious, non-violent, non-sexual nature, irrespective of prior criminal history. • Three-year PSP Supervision Condition. • Mandatory termination from supervision after a 12-month period without a custodial sanction. • Approximately 60% are assessed at high to very high risk.
Los Angeles County Probation Department PSP Case Management & Community Supervision • Pre-release planning • Risk/needs assessment • Case plan tailored to the specific needs of the PSP • Where appropriate, referrals are made to the appropriate rehabilitative service(s): • Mental Health • Substance Abuse • Medical Services • Housing • Employment Services • Etc.
Los Angeles County Probation Department PSP Case Management & Community Supervision • Ongoing Collaboration with County Partners, to include Community/Faith Based Organizations and PSP’s Family • Unannounced Home Visits • Unannounced Narcotic Testing • Unannounced Compliance Checks • Office Visits • Enforcement of Conditions of Supervision • Follow-up on Referrals for Services • Modification of Case Management Plans • Motivational Interviewing • Cognitive Behavioral Treatment
Los Angeles County Probation Department GENDER SPECIFIC FOCUS • Community/Faith Based Organization Advisory Committee • Community Transition Unit • In Reach Re-Entry Services • Sober Living with Child and Transitional Living with Child • Educational Courses (parenting, pregnancy) • Gender Specific Employment Services • Gender Specific Substance Abuse Treatment
Los Angeles County Probation Department PSP Case Management & Community Supervision What if a PSP does not comply with their Conditions of Supervision? • Graduated Sanctions • Flash Incarceration (up to ten days in County Jail) • Revocation up to 180-days in County Jail - with automatic half-time.
Los Angeles County Probation Department PSP PopulationOctober 2011 through November 30, 2013 1 Does not include Warrants issued for deported PSPs. Snapshot at month end. 2 PRCS case accepted; PSP deported
Los Angeles County Probation Department Cases Accepted vs. Cases ClosedOctober 2011 through November 30, 2013
Los Angeles County Probation Department Arrests for Misdemeanor/Felonies 19,439 total PRCS cases accepted as of November 30, 2013; of which 7,263 (37%) have at least one arrest for misdemeanor and/or felony (excludes flash incarceration).
Los Angeles County Probation Department Flash Incarcerations - Cumulative