Lipids (fats and oils) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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lipids fats and oils n.
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Lipids (fats and oils)

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  1. Lipids (fats and oils) The formation of a triglyceride one molecule + three molecules one molecule + water of glycerol of fatty acids of a triglyceride H H H C OH + HOOC.R1 H C OOC.R1 H C OH + HOOC.R2 H C OOCR2 + 3H2O H C OH + HOOC.R3 H C OOC.R3 H H

  2. Ester link The reactions between the fatty acids and glycerol are examples of condensation reactions i.e. water is eliminated. The glyceride molecule is always the same but the fatty acids vary. The condensation reaction occurs between the carboxyl group (COOH) of the fatty acid and the hydroxyl group (OH) of the glycerol. H O H O H C OHHO C R H C O C R ester link

  3. Phospholipids H H H C OH + HOOC.R1 H C OOC.R1 H C OH + HOOC.R2 H C OOCR2 + 3H2O H C OH + HOPOH H C OP O(H) H OH O H OH O Phospholipids are important componants of the cell membrane. One of the glycerol hydroxyl groups is esterified by phoshoric acid (H3PO4) rather than by a fatty acid ester links ( O )

  4. fatty acids - non-polar glycerol hydrophobic (repels water) Simplified structure phosphate group - polar hydrophilic (attracts water)