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Social Psychology

Social Psychology

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Social Psychology

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  1. Social Psychology how the presence of other people (real, imagined, or implied) affects an individual’s thoughts, feelings, and behavior.

  2. Attitudes a relatively stable evaluation of a person, object, situation or issue. Attitudes vary on a continuum from positive to negative. Attitudes have 3 components: Cognitive (beliefs, thoughts) Attitude Emotional (like, dislike) Behavioral (tendency to act)

  3. A – B Problem:How Strong is the Link Between Attitudes and Behavior? • Specificity: It’s best to measure attitudes towards very specific activities. • Strength of Attitude: Strong attitudes are better predictors than weak attitudes. • Vested Interest: The person benefits from acting on the attitude. • Accessibility: The attitude is often on the person’s mind. Attitude measures are often poor predictors of behavior. Factors That Improve Predictions

  4. Persuasion ...a deliberate attempt to influence the attitudes or behavior of another person. • Source: the speaker or writer of the communication and his/her characteristics. Key factor: CREDIBILITY (expertise + trustworthiness) Key fact: SLEEPER EFFECT, agreement with noncredible source increases over time. Elements of Persuasion

  5. Persuasion ...a deliberate attempt to influence the attitudes or behavior of another person. • Channel: situation or medium through which the communication is presented... either in person or through mass media (print, TV, internet). Elements of Persuasion

  6. Persuasion ...a deliberate attempt to influence the attitudes or behavior of another person. • Message: the content, style, and organization of the communication. For example, if opposite views are presented, the one presented last will be more persuasive. Elements of Persuasion

  7. Persuasion ...a deliberate attempt to influence the attitudes or behavior of another person. • Audience: the person or persons to whom the communication is addressed. For example, if they initially agree with you, present just your position. If they initially disagree, present opposing views. Elements of Persuasion