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  1. Mummies What are they really?

  2. What do we know about mummies?

  3. Mummy Facts • When a body is mummified, it is preserved so that the bacteria and fungi cannot grow. • Mummies still have some of their soft tissue. • Mummies last for so long, that we still have mummies today from ancient Egypt!

  4. Different forms of mummification • Embalming • The process of deliberately preserving a body. It involves drying a body with sunlight, fire, smoke, or chemicals, which removes the moisture that bacteria and fungi need to grow. • Ice • Also preserves a body because bacteria and fungi cannot live in freezing temperatures. • Peat bogs • Cold, deep, stagnant bodies of water with high acid levels, preserve bodies because bacteria and fungi cannot live in the oxygen-free environment.

  5. Let’s see a video about mummies! Mummies

  6. Different Types of Mummies Found • Tollund Man: This 2,100-year-old mummy was found in a peat bog in Denmark. He had a rope around his neck, indicating that he was probably sacrificed. Tollund Man • Lindow Man: This mummy was found in an English peat bog. When scientists examined the body, they discovered he had been murdered.Lindow Man, Bog Body

  7. …some more mummies • Ötzi the Iceman: Found frozen in the Alps, this man died about 5,200 years ago. Ötzi the Iceman The Iceman's Last Meal • Juanita (also known as the “Ice Maiden”): This young Inca girl was discovered in the Andes in Peru. She had been sacrificed in a ritual and preserved in ice. The High Mummies Incan MummiesJuanita, Incan Ice Maiden

  8. …the most famous mummy • Tutankhamen (King Tut): Buried in a tomb filled with treasures, this Egyptian pharaoh had been embalmed. His organs were removed and his body was dried with salt and then wrapped in hundreds of yards of linen.Mummies of Ancient EgyptMysteries of EgyptSecrets of the Pharaohs

  9. Check out these sites… • Mummy-Making Methods • Mummies of the World • Mummies Unmasked • Mummification

  10. Answer these questions with your group… • What is this mummy or group of mummies called? • Where was it found? • Describe what scientists found. (Draw a picture or print out an image.) • How was it preserved? • How well preserved was it? • Was the mummy preserved intentionally or accidentally, or is it impossible to tell? • Explain what is known about this person, including name, position, or title, and cause of death. How do scientists know this information? • Were other objects found with the mummy? If so, what do they reveal about the mummy? • What have scientists and historians learned about the mummy’s society?

  11. Let’s share what we have learned