slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Telecommunications Restructuring Process in the 90s: a comparative study of the impacts on the Brazilian and Spanish PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Telecommunications Restructuring Process in the 90s: a comparative study of the impacts on the Brazilian and Spanish

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

The Telecommunications Restructuring Process in the 90s: a comparative study of the impacts on the Brazilian and Spanish - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 152 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Telecommunications Restructuring Process in the 90s: a comparative study of the impacts on the Brazilian and Spanish innovation system . M arina Szapiro

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Telecommunications Restructuring Process in the 90s: a comparative study of the impacts on the Brazilian and Spanish' - becky


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

The Telecommunications Restructuring Process in the 90s: a comparative study of the impacts on the Brazilian and Spanish innovation system

Marina Szapiro

PhD Candidate and Associate Researcher of the Research Network on Local Productive and Innovative Systems - RedeSist, Economics Institute, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Prepared for the Globelics Academy

Lisbon 25th May to 3rd June, 2004

structure of the presentation
Structure of the presentation
  • Theoretical Framework
  • Research aim
  • Hypothesis
  • Methodology
  • Preliminary findings
theoretical framework neo schumpeterian literature
Theoretical Framework: Neo- Schumpeterian Literature
  • National Innovation Systems
    • Conceptual instrumental for the understanding of innovation dynamics
    • Developing countries specificities:
      • macroeconomic environment as a constraint to technological and innovative development;
      • instability of institutional, political, and financial environment.
  • Economics of Telecommunications
    • New set of influences based on internet technologies: fundamental changes transforming the telecom industry;
    • Institutional changes in the telecommunications industry: liberalization and deregulation;
    • New technological regime: R&D intensive activities concentrated in the equipment suppliers.
objectives and relevance of the research
Objectives and Relevance of the research
  • To study the international process of regulatory and institutional changes in the telecommunications sector
  • To analyse the telecommunications restructuring strategies in Brazil and Spain and its impacts on their innovation system
  • Why this comparison?
    • In the 80s, Brazil and Spain had similar situations on the telecommunications sector;
    • Actually, Telefonica (Spain) is the major carrier in Brazil; and
    • To continue studying the telecommunications innovation system in Brazil.
hypothesis
Hypothesis
  • The adoption of different liberalization and deregulation strategies produces diverse impacts on the structure and organization of the telecommunications sector and on the national innovation system
  • The existence of implicit and explicit industrial and technological policies influences substantially the results of the process
methodology
Methodology
  • Literature review on NIS and Economics of Telecommunications
  • Field Research in Spain and Brazil
    • Spain: Interviews with Telefonica, Telefonica I+D, CMT, equipment suppliers, Researches etc.
    • Brazil: Interviews with Telefonica, other carriers, equipment suppliers, Anatel, CPqD, Communications Ministry, etc.
brazilian telecom innovation system main achievements
Brazilian telecom innovation system: main achievements
  • Gradual involvement of multinational subsidiaries in the process of innovation and technological capability development
  • Establishment of a network of local suppliers (120 local firms responsible for 17% of the market in 1982)
  • Local development of key technologies for the telecom system expansion (Trópico)
  • Reduction in the investment costs of building the Brazilian telecom network
the context of telecommunications restructuring processes in brazil and spain i
BRAZIL: Trade liberalization of the beginning of 90s, Liberalisation process (1995) and Telebrás’ fragmentation and privatisation (1998)

Entrance of new international operators

Increase in investments

Increase in number of fixed and mobile lines

SPAIN: Internationalization of Telefonica in the end of 80s, Liberalization (EU) and privatization in 1995 and 1997 (with golden share)

End of Telefonica’s monopoly

Strong presence of Telefonica in Latin America

The Context of Telecommunications Restructuring Processes in Brazil and Spain (I)
impacts on the innovation systems i
Brazil

Entrance of new equipment suppliers

Increase in imports of telecom equipment and acquisition of dynamic nationally owned firms by MNCs subsidiaries

Privatisation of CPqD and uncertainty

Spain

Internationalization of national equipment suppliers

Increase in innovation investment and activities by national SME and multinational subsidiaries

Strengthening of Telefonica I+D

Impacts on the innovation systems (I)
impacts on the innovation system ii
Impacts on the innovation system (II)
  • Brazil: Denationalization of the equipment industry
impacts on the innovation system iii
Impacts on the innovation system (III)
  • Brazil: Increasein telecommunications imports of components, parts, pieces and final products
impacts on the innovation system v
Impacts on the innovation system (V)
  • Spain: Growth and Internationalization of Telefonica I+D (links with national system of innovation)
impacts on the innovation system vi
Impacts on the innovation system (VI)
  • Spain: Increase in innovation related investment by national equipment industry
    • Increase in R&D activities of multinational subsidiaries in Madrid during the 90s (Rama et alli 2002).
    • Significant increase in exports of national firms (almost 40% of production in a sample of 5 firms) (López and Molero, 2004).
    • Important interactions among Telefonica I+D and the Spanish telecommunications industry
slide16
Brazil

Privatization: Maximization of the entrance of foreign capital

Entrance of multinationals carries and denationalization of the equipment industry

Uncertainty of the R&D telecom laboratory

Weakening of Brazilian telecom IS

Spain

Internationalization of Telefonica and links with Spanish telecom industry

Growth of Telefonica I+D

Strengthening of Spanish telecom IS

Preliminary FindingsBrazil and Spain: Adoption of different telecom restructuring strategies with impacts on the innovation systems