Katazome: Edo Period (1600’s – 1800’s) (paste resist stencil dyeing) The original “silkscreen” method includes several techniques for resist printing ,hand painting, and dying on fabric Stencils made from a special Japanese paper that is coated with Persimmon juice and smoked to achieve strength and durability For intricate designs, a silk mesh is added to the stencil to hold fine detailed cuts together Rice paste is passed through the stencil to block (resist) dye or paint from adhering to the fabric Dye may be painted on the surface of the fabric or detailed, brilliant natural mineral pigments may be painted in areas not blocked but held in place by the surrounding rice paste
Simple and small shapes do not need mesh for support and may be used just like a stencil
Shibugami = stencil Katagami = stencil paper Nori= rice paste Painting gradated mineral pigments
Paint in pigments Wash out rice paste
In this piece, the artist printed the resist paste in the areas you see as white. Then, she hand-painted the subtle colors of the owl and the blues. Then, after setting the pigments/dye, she washed out the rice paste.
The author’s fabric in process using natural dyes with soymilk and mordants… Harite and Shinshi stretch fabric for painting dyes evenly Factory Katazome
Today 1. Design and cut stencils 2. Apply rice paste to our silk scarves 3. Apply mineral pigments Take silk home… (and wait for a month, then rinse out rice paste.)
Special Thanks to: Artists; Akemi Cohn, John Marshall, & Kit Eastman The Roswell Independent School District & Arts Connect! for their support of the arts in elementary education